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Age of Exploration & Isolation. Chapter 19.1 Europeans Explore the East. Factors Spur Exploration. Renaissance curiosity about world GOLD : Desire for new sources of wealth & trade GLORY : fame & for King & Country GOD : Missionary impetus to spread Christianity. Europeans Want Spices.

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Age of exploration isolation

Age of Exploration & Isolation

Chapter 19.1

Europeans Explore the East


Factors spur exploration
Factors Spur Exploration

  • Renaissance curiosity about world

  • GOLD: Desire for new sources of wealth & trade

  • GLORY: fame & for King & Country

  • GOD: Missionary impetus to spread Christianity




Portugal leads the way
Portugal Leads the Way

  • Prince Henry “the Navigator” founds school of exploration in 1419

  • Sailors surveyed coast of Africa & later India


Bartolomeu diaz
Bartolomeu Diaz

  • Reached tip of South Africa in 1488


Vasco da gama
Vasco da Gama

1st European to sail a direct route to India in 1498


Spanish claims
Spanish Claims

  • 1492:Christopher Columbusdiscovers the Caribbean thinking it was Asia



Treaty of tordesillas 1494
Treaty of Tordesillas 1494

  • To keep peace between 2 Catholic nations, the Pope divided the world in ½ based on Spanish & Portuguese claims

  • Showed European’s disregard for indigenous peoples



Europeans carve up the east indies
Europeans Carve up the East Indies

  • Following Portugal; other nations seized ports in Africa & Asia

    • Britain & France enter India

    • Spain took over Philippines in 1521

    • Dutch took over Cape Town & Indonesia


Dutch east india company
Dutch East India Company

  • 1st corporation in history, controlled Indonesia

  • Est. in 1602 after the Dutch freed themselves from Spain

  • Private company owned by Dutch investors


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