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RESPONSIBLE PERSON TRAINING. Review of § 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations. § 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations.

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RESPONSIBLE PERSON TRAINING

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Responsible person training

RESPONSIBLE PERSON TRAINING


Review of 75 1501 emergency evacuations

Review of § 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations


75 1501 emergency evacuations

§ 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations

For each shift that miners work underground, there shall be in attendance a responsible person designated by the mine operator to take charge during mine emergencies involving a fire, explosion, or gas or water inundation.


75 1501 emergency evacuations1

§ 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations

The responsible person shall have current knowledge of:

  • The assigned location and expected movements of miners underground (Tracking Plan)

  • Operation of the mine ventilation system (Mine Map)

  • The location of the mine escapeways (Mine Map)

  • The mine communications system (ERP)

  • Any mine monitoring system if used (Firefighting Plan)

  • Locations of firefighting equipment (Mine Map)

  • The mine’s Emergency Response Plan (ERP)

  • The Mine Rescue Notification Plan (ERP)

  • The Mine Emergency Evacuation and Firefighting Program.


75 1501 emergency evacuations2

§ 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations

The responsible person shall be trained annually in a course of instruction in mine emergency response, as prescribed by MSHA’s Office of Educational Policy and Development. The course will include topics such as the following:

(i) Organizing a command center

(ii) Coordinating firefighting personnel

(iii) Deploying firefighting equipment

(iv) Coordinating mine rescue personnel


75 1501 emergency evacuations3

§ 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations

(v) Establishing fresh air base

(vi) Deploying mine rescue teams

(vii) Providing for mine gas sampling and analysis

(viii) Establishing security

(ix) Initiating an emergency mine evacuation

(x) Contacting emergency personnel

(xi) Communicating appropriate information related to the emergency


75 1501 emergency evacuations4

§ 75.1501 Emergency Evacuations

The operator shall certify by signature and date after each responsible person has completed the training and keep the certification at the mine for 1 year.


Training schedule for responsible person

Training Schedule For Responsible Person

Training completed August 8, 2008

For each shift that miners work underground, there shall be in attendance a responsible person designated by the mine operator to take charge during mine emergencies involving a fire, explosion, or gas or water inundation.


Responsible person training1

RESPONSIBLE PERSON TRAINING


Module 2

Module 2

  • Organizing a command center

  • Providing for mine gas sampling and analysis

  • Coordinating mine rescue personnel

  • Establishing fresh air base

  • Deploying mine rescue teams


Command center

Command Center

Secure the Command Center

• Physically secure the area

• Law enforcement will be contacted for assistance

• Secure communications flow

• Keep information in command center

• Communications to and from the command center must remain protected from outside monitoring


Command center1

Command Center

Secure the Command Center

  • Restrict personal outside calls (cell phones will be prohibited in the command center)

  • Restrict phone/speaker system/access except to persons designated by the command center to receive information


Command center2

Command Center

Secure the Command Center

  • Command Center should be isolated from outside interference (i.e. political visitors should be limited/restricted)

  • Control entrance and exit of command center personnel


Command center3

Command Center

Limit the number of persons

  • The following titles are recommended to be present in the command center

  • It is recommended that only one representative for each title is permitted in the working command center

  • The person representing the individual groups will have the latitude to ask for assistance when and if needed to make a decision


Command center4

Command Center

Command Center Communications Person (1)

  • Should be experienced

  • Should have knowledge of mines

  • Recommended to have mine rescue experience

  • Should be undisturbed

  • Should talk directly to the working teams

  • Facilitate information flow to others in the Command Center


Command center5

Command Center

  • State Inspections Representative– (1)

  • MSHA Representatives – (1)

  • UMWA/Miner’s Rep. – (1)

  • Mine Rescue Team Trainer – (1)

  • Company Representative – (1)

  • Recorder – (1)

    * Notes should be verbatim (not paraphrased)


Command center6

Command Center

Scheduling Recommendations

  • In the initial phase of a mine emergency there is a need for knowledgeable personnel available at the mine site. Until adequately staffed or until the initial phase of the emergency is under control, these decision makers should be limited to one 12 hour shift per day.

  • Insure the continuance of appropriate decision making, the Command Center has a goal to establish its rotation schedule (i.e. eight to nine hour rotation schedule) within the first twenty-four hours of the emergency


Command center7

Command Center

Scheduling Recommendations

  • Schedule command center team rotations (i.e. A, B, C)

  • Shifts from 8 to 12 hours, depending on number of persons available and their level of training.

  • Within 24 hours of the emergency, develop and post a command center shift rotation schedule.


Command center8

Command Center

Scheduling Recommendations

  • Shift rotation schedules facilitate progress and prevent command center personnel from becoming fatigued.

  • Command center rotations should be designed with a one hour overlap for transferring information from one shift to another.

  • During shift transition, command center personnel should be exchanged one at a time.


Command center9

Command Center

Shift hours

  • Appropriate scheduling can facilitate the best results in these areas.

  • 8-9 hour shift with an hour overlap for communication with replacement before and after shift.

  • Stress and fatigue are key issues affecting mine rescue teams and command center personnel influencing concentration, decision-making, and physical abilities.


Command center10

Command Center

Shift hours

  • Briefing before a mine rescue project followed by debriefing the team(s) after their shift adds value to the planning as well as providing psychological release for the team members.

  • It is recommended that, when possible, the entire team is included in the briefings and debriefings rather than only the team captain or a couple of representatives from the team.


Command center11

Command Center

Summary:

  • Securing the command center

  • Number of persons to operate command center

  • Scheduling

  • Recommended shift hours


Module 21

Module 2

  • Organizing a command center

  • Providing for mine gas sampling and analysis

  • Coordinating mine rescue personnel

  • Establishing fresh air base

  • Deploying mine rescue teams


Providing for mine gas sampling and analysis

Providing For Mine Gas Sampling And Analysis

  • Provides necessary equipment for gas sampling and calibration

  • Directs individuals assigned to the gas analysis

  • Records findings of gas sampling and data gathering

  • Contacts chief engineer who facilitates gas analysis capabilities


Module 22

Module 2

  • Organizing a command center

  • Providing for mine gas sampling and analysis

  • Coordinating mine rescue personnel

  • Establishing fresh air base

  • Deploying mine rescue teams


Coordinating mine rescue personnel

Coordinating Mine Rescue Personnel

  • Briefs rescue team with accurate information relating to emergency

  • Provides rescue team with up-to-date maps of mine

  • Rescue teams shall be properly informed of existing mine conditions and work to be performed by the designated company official in charge of briefing and de-briefing of teams.


Coordinating mine rescue personnel1

Coordinating Mine Rescue Personnel

  • Mine conditions must be evaluated and determination must be established as to how many teams are necessary to complete the operation

  • Continual checking of return air for mine gases and smoke is necessary

  • Preparation must be made for communicating with multiple teams or fresh-air bases.


Coordinating mine rescue personnel2

Coordinating Mine Rescue Personnel

  • Designate the primary underground communications system to be used by mine rescue teams and fresh-air base (FAB)

  • Identify backup communications available during the emergency

  • Designate an individual who will communicate between team and the command center.

  • Consider team safety at all times


Coordinating mine rescue personnel3

Coordinating Mine Rescue Personnel

  • If resources permit, 8-9 hours shift with an hour overlap for communication, briefing and debriefing.

  • Teams need to be assured that they are provided with enough rest to resume activities during their next scheduled shift.


Module 23

Module 2

  • Organizing a command center

  • Providing for mine gas sampling and analysis

  • Coordinating mine rescue personnel

  • Establishing fresh air base

  • Deploying mine rescue teams


Establishing fresh air base

Establishing Fresh Air Base

  • When the necessary organization has been formed, equipment and materials assembled, gas trends established, rescue teams assembled, objectives established exploration of the mine can be started

  • The initial location of the fresh-air base will be determined by the information and data that will have been collected at this time.


Establishing fresh air base1

Establishing Fresh Air Base

  • A fresh-air base is a location that is established from which rescue and recovery teams can advance into irrespirable atmospheres.

  • The fresh-air base can also be described as being established at the point where conditions no longer permit rescue teams to explore without the use of an approved breathing apparatus


Establishing fresh air base2

Establishing Fresh Air Base

  • If the initial location is at the mine portals a preliminary examination should be made at all mine openingsand the fresh-air base would be established at the mine openings.

  • If the mine atmosphere has been pre-determined by examination to be respirable up to a determined location, the fresh-air base can be established at that point.


Establishing fresh air base3

Establishing Fresh Air Base

  • The fresh-air base must maintain constant communications with command center


Establishing fresh air base4

Establishing Fresh Air Base

  • Each rescue or recovery team performing work with a breathing apparatus shall be provided with a backup team of equal number stationed at each fresh air base

  • For every two teams six-member teams performing rescue or recovery work underground, one six-member team shall be stationed at the mine portal


Establishing fresh air base5

Establishing Fresh Air Base

  • The designated communication man (briefing officer) at the fresh-air base must maintain constant communications with command center

  • The briefing officer must ensure accuracy of the information being sent or received from the command center


Module 24

Module 2

  • Organizing a command center

  • Providing for mine gas sampling and analysis

  • Coordinating mine rescue personnel

  • Establishing fresh air base

  • Deploying mine rescue teams


Deploying mine rescue teams

Deploying Mine Rescue Teams

  • Continual checking of return air for mine gases and smoke is necessary

  • The rescue team is instructed by the command center of the areas to be examined


Deploying mine rescue teams1

Deploying Mine Rescue Teams

  • As exploration work progresses, the telephone system should be extended to stay in contact with the rescue efforts.

  • Additional telephones should be installed so that a telephone will always be available to the advance crews.


Deploying mine rescue teams2

Deploying Mine Rescue Teams

  • Prepare for communicating with multiple teams or fresh-air base.

  • Coordinate and direct mine rescue activities.

  • Coordinate team’s underground activities.

  • Continual tracking of the location of teams


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