Ulf Engqvist PhD, Senior Lecturer Mid Sweden University, Dept. of Social Work Östersund [email protected] Problems at school and criminality development. The two studies. A Follow up study of Former CAP-patients. Pupils at a special approved home (reform school).
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PhD, Senior Lecturer
Mid Sweden University,
Dept. of Social Work
A Follow up study of Former CAP-patients
Pupils at a special approved home (reform school)
A project that lasted two years conducted in in the midst of Sweden
82 pupils were investigated at admission according to an extended, refined routine including somatic, psychiatric, psychological, educational and social assessment
1,400 former CAP-patients followed up for 12-33 years
and / or
General (adult) psychiatric care: 531 (37,9%)
82 pupils at the special reform school
80% had parents who were divorced
83% came from families with low socioeconomic status
A quarter stated that there was criminality in the family
One third stated that there was abuse among family members
Teacher assessment of knowledge in Swedish, English and Mathematics and standardized reading tests
Routine physical health assessment
The Gordon Diagnostic System
(Record Form Model III)
Adolescent Drug Abuse Diagnosis (ADAD) and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)
Conners-Wells’ Adolescent Self-Report Scales (CASS-S)
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III) and Raven's Progressive Matrices
(DICA -R-A )
based on DSM
Every second male (55 %) and every fifth female (22% ) former CAP-patient were convicted of offenses
Problems at school
Any form of crime was listed for 81%.
77% of the boys and 61% of the girls were registered for some form of crime:
Crime directed against persons, such as assault, robbery, or both, 53%.
Crime directed against objects, such as shoplifting, theft, vandalism, driving without a license was listed for 73%
Crimes against both persons and objects were noted for 45%