Chapter 8
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Chapter 8. Lesson 1 & 2. A Time of Invention . Elijah McCoy-oil cup Margaret Knight- machine that made paper bags Alexander Graham Bell- telephone Thomas Edison- phonograph, record player, electric light bulb . Henry Bessemer. Invented a process to make steel

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Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

Chapter 8

Lesson 1 & 2


A time of invention

A Time of Invention

  • Elijah McCoy-oil cup

  • Margaret Knight- machine that made paper bags

  • Alexander Graham Bell- telephone

  • Thomas Edison- phonograph, record player, electric light bulb


Henry bessemer

Henry Bessemer

  • Invented a process to make steel

  • The Bessemer Process made steel less expensive to make


Andrew carnegie

Andrew Carnegie

  • Used the Bessemer Process to make steel for railroads

  • He bought fuel companies, railroads, and ships

  • His company produced close to ¼ of all the steel made in the US


John d rockefeller

John D. Rockefeller

  • Formed the Standard Oil Company, a corporation

  • Corporation: a business in which many people own shares, or parts, of the business

  • Rockefeller began buying other companies to reduce competition.

  • When there is less competition companies can raise their prices

  • Rockefeller bought so many companies that it almost became a monopoly

  • Monopoly: a company that has no competition


The labor movement

The Labor Movement

  • Factory workers were paid poorly and worked in dangerous conditions so they began to form labor unions. They also worked long hours

  • Labor Union: an organization of workers that tries to improve pay and working conditions for its members

  • Workers went on strike to try and get better work conditions and more pay

  • Strike: workers refuse to work


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