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Cold-Related Emergencies: Key Points

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Cold-Related Emergencies: Key Points. Environment does not have to be extremely cold for a person to suffer a cold-related emergency, especially if the person is wet or if it is windy.

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cold related emergencies key points
Cold-Related Emergencies:Key Points
  • Environment does not have to be extremely cold for a person to suffer a cold-related emergency, especially if the person is wet or if it is windy.
  • Young children are susceptible to cold-related emergencies b/c their body temperature regulating system is not fully developed.
  • The elderly can experience a cold-related emergency inside when exposed to lower temperatures over a period of time, as their temp. regulating mechanisms are sometimes impaired.
frostbite vs hypothermia
Frostbite vs. Hypothermia
  • Frostbite: A condition when the body tissue freezes after being exposed to the cold environment.
  • Hypothermia: A condition when the entire body cools because the body’s ability to regulate temperature fails. The person may die if not given prompt medical care.
care for hypothermia
Care for Hypothermia
  • Move person to warm place
  • Check ABC’s & care for shock
  • Remove wet clothing & cover with blankets
  • Monitor use of heating pads to avoid unintentional burns
  • Warm the person SLOWLY and handle person carefully.
care for frostbite
Care for Frostbite
  • Remove wet clothing and jewelry from affected area
  • Soak the frostbitten area in WARM water
  • Cover with dry, sterile dressings. DO NOT rub the frostbitten area
  • Check ABC’s and care for shock
  • DO NOT rewarm a frostbitten part if there is a danger of it refreezing
heat related emergencies
Heat-Related Emergencies
  • What are some environmental conditions that could lead to a heat-relate emergency?
    • Doing strenuous activities outside on a hot day.
    • Working in a hot room with little air circulation, such as a kitchen.
    • Not drinking enough water while working in a warm environment.
    • Working in a building where the cooling system fails.
heat related illness
Heat-Related Illness
  • Heat Cramps: Least severe and often the first signal that the body is having trouble with heat.
  • Heat Exhaustion: A more severe condition than heat cramps. Affects athletes, firefighters, those who wear heavy clothing in a hot, humid environment…
  • Heat Stroke: Least common, but most severe heat emergency. Occurs when people ignore the signals of heat exhaustion.
care for heat cramps
Care for Heat Cramps
  • Move the person to a cool place
  • Give cool water to drink
  • Lightly stretch the muscle and gently massage the area
care for heat exhaustion
Care for Heat Exhaustion
  • Move the person to a cooler environment
  • Loosen or remove clothing
  • Fan the person
  • Get the person into circulating air while applying wet towels
  • If the person is conscious, give small amounts of cool water to drink
  • If the person’s condition does not improve of if you suspect heat stroke, call 9-1-1
care for heat stroke
Care for Heat Stroke
  • Call 9-1-1
  • Give care until help arrives by following the care steps for heat exhaustion.
  • Avoid being outdoors in the hottest or coldest part of the day
  • Change your activity level according to the temperature
  • Take frequent breaks
  • Dress appropriately for the environment
  • Drink large amounts of fluids