Professional management and integrated governance
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 29

Professional Management and Integrated Governance PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 43 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Side Events: Disaster Risk Reduction: Government to Governance. Professional Management and Integrated Governance. Peijun Shi 1,2,3 , Ming Wang 1,3 ,Jing'ai Wang 1.4 , Qian Ye 1,3 , Saini Yang 1,3 , Yanli Lv 1,3

Download Presentation

Professional Management and Integrated Governance

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Professional management and integrated governance

Side Events: Disaster Risk Reduction: Government to Governance

Professional Management and Integrated Governance

Peijun Shi1,2,3, Ming Wang1,3,Jing'ai Wang1.4 ,

Qian Ye1,3,Saini Yang1,3, Yanli Lv1,3

1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University;

2.Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Beijing Normal University;

3.Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University;

4. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University

Beijing Normal University ,Beijing, China

[email protected]


Contents

Contents

Complexity of Disaster System

Integrated Disaster Risk Governance


Contents1

Contents

Complexity of Disaster System

Integrated Disaster Risk Governance


Professional management and integrated governance

  • Japan's earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2011 (15,000 deaths)

  • 2005 U.S. Hurricane Katrina (1300 death)

  • Myanmar typhoon disaster in 2008 (70,000 deaths)

  • 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake - tsunami (275,000 dead)


Professional management and integrated governance

Response to environmental risks caused global changes is the major issue facing the sustainable development.

Examples of major disasters related to climate (precipitation and temperature)

Mississippi River floods in the United States in 2011

Drought disasters in south China in 2011

Snow and ice storms in south China in 2008

Hurricane Katrina disaster in the United States in 2005


Disaster system ds

Disaster System(DS)

DS=E∩H∩S

  • Environments (E)

  • Hazards (H)

  • Socio-economic system (S)

(P. Shi, 1991)

  • 6


Professional management and integrated governance

Socio-Ecological System andDisaster System Complexity


Professional management and integrated governance

Multi -hazards

Flood

Drought

Windstorm

Hail

Dust Storm

Typhoon

Low Temperature and Freeze

Snow

Earthquake

Landslide

Debris Flow



  • 8


Disaster chain japan 311 earthquake and tsunami co triggered nuclear crisis in 2011

Disaster-chain Japan 311 Earthquake and tsunami co-triggerednuclear crisis in 2011


Professional management and integrated governance

Earthquake - Tsunami Disaster Chain of Japan in 2011

Source: Peijun Shi et al., 2011


Professional management and integrated governance

China 5·12 Earthquake Disaster Chain of Wenchuan, in 2008


Earthquake disaster chain of wenchuan china in 2008

Heavy rain

Collapse

Landslide

Debris flow

Quake-lake

Earthquake

Earthquake Disaster Chain of Wenchuan, China in 2008

Source: Peijun Shi et al., 2009


Professional management and integrated governance

Hazards(Disasters) compound

The large-scale sleet&snow disaster in South of China(2008)


Professional management and integrated governance

Multi-hazard, Disaster-chain, Hazards(Disasters) compound and LSD

Multi-hazard, Disaster-chain, Hazards(Disasters) compound are often used in various references of disaster studies, but there is still different understanding about their essential difference (Shi et al., 2010a).

Disaster-chain, Hazards(Disasters)compound triggered by a severe or enormous disaster event are generally the reason for the huge losses of LSD.

The existence of multi-hazards is not a necessary condition for the formation of a LSD; only when the regional disaster prevention capacity is extremely low will it be possible to trigger a LSD.


Contents2

Contents

Complexity of Disaster System

Integrated Disaster Risk Governance


Professional management and integrated governance

The Nation-wide Paradigm of Integrated LSD Risk

Governance in China (Top-down)

Consilience between Disaster Risk Reduction and Development


Professional management and integrated governance

Year's Loss Ratio and Death population rate Caused by Natural Disaster in China

Annual economic loss to GDP ratio (expressed as percentage of GDP) and annual death rate (number of deaths per million people) caused by natural disasters in China, 1990-2011 (excluding the Wenchuan earthquake event, 2008). Based on data from Fang et. al.


Professional management and integrated governance

Covers of the three atlases of natural disaster risk in China.

Source: The People’s Insurance Company of China, 1992; Shi, 2003 and 2011.

Disaster Risk Maps of CHINA


Establishing and improving the disaster system d s warning information integration platform

Establishing and Improving the Disaster System ( D S)Warning Information Integration Platform

Monitoring.

Warning and

Forecasting

System

DS Warning

Information

Integration

Platform

Prepareness and

Manage System

Material Storage

and Security

System


Professional management and integrated governance

Governments

Community

Institutes

Forming integratedDS governance paradigm

Family

Place

mitigation

Local

resilence

Regional

Global

Integration

adaptation

Coordination

Cooperation

Construction

Communication

Government:Development and Disaster Reduction (Governance)

Community: Safety Construction (Legislation)

Institute:Risk Transformation (Mechanism)

Family:Risk Awareness (Education)


Consilience between structure and function optimization

Consilience between Structure and Function Optimization


Professional management and integrated governance

Consilience Model for Integrated DSGovernance


Professional management and integrated governance

Global Network of Large-Scale Disaster Impact


Professional management and integrated governance

Improving mitigation to response ER

we propose to establish “global integrated disaster risk governance paradigm” under the development strategy for “living with global climate diversity .

Global Integrated Disaster Risk Governance Paradigm under Development Strategy for Living with Global Climate Diversity


Professional management and integrated governance

Integrated Disaster Risk Governance of Climate Change

For this reason, humans must establish corresponding defensive measures based on the integrated characteristics of CCR, improving mitigation to response ER, improving resilence to response FR and improving adaptation to response TR. Only by improving mitigation, resilience and adaptation of human beings gradually to response climate change and form cohesion of integrated CCR governance, can we promote sustainability comprehensively from local, regional to global under the background of climate change.


Professional management and integrated governance

Key Points

AThe nature of disaster system shows the characteristics of deep complexity. The human society as a whole should fully address the deep complexity and establish governance paradigms for better and more effective disaster risk reduction. The parameters in a disaster system usually experience the slow onset change, the rapid sudden change or the fluctuation in between, and these changes can often be observed as multiple hazards, disaster chain or disaster compound


Professional management and integrated governance

Key Points

B As a traditional fashion, based on the regional variation of hazards, exposures and environments that form the essential of a disaster system, government emphasizes the various professional structure measures including safety construction, disaster relief, emergency management and risk transfer, along with professional functional measures such as preparedness, emergency response, recovery and reconstruction. However, in face of the deep complexity within the disaster system, traditional measures face significant difficulty of balancing and enhancing the efficiency and efficacy of resources used for disaster risk reduction.


Professional management and integrated governance

Key Points

This article proposes a strategy of integrated disaster risk reduction (DRR) :

  • The unity of development and protection

  • The equalization of technological and institutional innovation in DRR

  • The synergy between professional/industrial and regional DRR implementation

  • The integration of DRR structures and functions

  • The systemization of all-level DRR from (inter)national plans to community actions


Professional management and integrated governance

总结(史培军)

科学研究

国家需求

Thank you!

谢谢

诊断全球变化对环境风险的影响机理与途径(如何影响?)

解决渐发-突发综合环境风险评估中量化、模拟与预估的问题(影响多少?);

揭示中国环境风险在全球环境风险水平中的位置,构建应对范式(责任多大?)

服务于我国针对全球变化与环境风险的关系、制定科学有序的应对环境变化政策

服务于我国提高环境变化总体的预估水平和能力

服务于解决我国以制度设计为核心的综合环境风险防御的范式问题

科学问题关键、国家需求紧迫、国际竞争激烈,且我国已有较好研究基础!


  • Login