Topic VIII. Growth of the United States. The Industrial Revolution. Period of time where machines replaced handmade tools and new sources of power such as steam , water , and wind replaced human and animal power. The Industrial Revolution began in England in the mid-1700s.
Growth of the United States
The mills of Lowell, Massachusetts are well-known for employing large numbers of women. In the 1840s, nearly half the female population of Lowell worked in the mills. Each mill employed a few hundred people. This trade card for the Merrimack Manufacturing Co. shows women working at the cloth-making machines.
2000 U.S. population density within each county, in persons per sq. mile (lower 48 states only): Light to dark (yellow to blue): 1-4 (y), 5-9 (lt. green), 10-24 (teal), 25-49 (dk. teal), 50-99 (blue-green), 100-249 (blue), 250-66,995 (black).
First important turnpike in America. Also the first long-distance stone and gravel road in the country. Chartered in 1792 and completed in 1795, it ran 62 miles from Philadelphia to Lancaster and gave travelers an easier way to reach the Northwest Territory.
Erie Canal - canal which linked the GreatLakes with the Mohawk and Hudson rivers.