Reading Literature • 4.RL.5. Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.
• 4.RL.5. Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.
• 4.RI.7. Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it
• 4.RI.8. Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.
• 4.RI.9. Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
• 4.L.3. Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
• 4.L.3a. Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.*
• 4.L.3b. Choose punctuation for effect.*
• 4.L.3c. Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion).
• 4.L.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 4 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
• 4.L.4b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., telegraph, photograph, autograph).
• 4.L.4c. Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.
• 4.L.5. Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.
• 4.L.5a. Explain the meaning of simple similes and metaphors (e.g., as pretty as a picture) in context.
• 4.L.5b. Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs.
• 4.L.5c. Demonstrate understanding of words by relating them to their opposites (antonyms) and to words with similar but not identical meanings (synonyms).
• 4.W.1. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information.
• 4.W.1a. Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which related ideas are grouped to support the writer’s purpose.
• 4.W.1b. Provide reasons that are supported by facts and details.
• 4.W.1c. Link opinion and reasons using words and phrases (e.g., for instance, in order to, in addition).
• 4.W.1d. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.
• 4.W.2. Write informative/ explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.
• 4.W.2a. Introduce a topic clearly and group related information in paragraphs and sections; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.
• 4.W.2b. Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples related to the topic.
• 4.W.2c. Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g., another, for example, also, because).
• 4.W.2d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.
• 4.W.2e. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information
• 4.W.7. Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.
• 4.W.8. (a) Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
• 4.W.8. (b) Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.
• 4.W.10. (ac) Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
• 4.SL.2. Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
• 4.SL.3. Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points
• 4.SL.4. Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
• 4.SL.5. Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.
• 4.SL.6. Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal English when appropriate to task and situation.
• 4.G.1 Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these two dimensional figures.
• 4.G.2 Classify two-dimensional figures based on the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles.
• 4.G.3 Recognize a line of symmetry for a two-dimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify line-symmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry.
• 4.MD.1 Know relative sizes of measurement units including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; hr, min, sec. In a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a two-column table.
• 4.MD.2 Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a
larger unit in terms of a smaller unit.
• 4.MD.3 Apply the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles in real world and mathematical problems.
• 4.MD.4 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots.
• 4.MD.5 Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed whenever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement.
• 4.MD.6 Measure angles in whole-numbers degrees using a protractor. Sketch angles of specified measure.
• 4.MD.7 Recognize that when an angle is decomposed into non-overlapping parts, the angle measure of the whole is the sum of the angle measure of the parts.
Operations and Algebraic Thinking
• 4.OA.1 Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations.
• 4.OA.2 Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison.
• 4.OA.3 Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers and having whole-number answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.
4.E.2.1: Compare fossils (including molds, casts, and preserved parts of plants and animals) to one another and to living organisms.
4.E.2.2: Infer ideas about Earth’s early environments from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago.
4.E.2.3: Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes.
4.L.1.1: Give examples of changes in an organism’s environment that are beneficial to it and some that are harmful.
4.L.1.2: Explain how animals meet their needs by using behaviors in response to information received from the environment.
4.L.1.3: Explain how humans can adapt their behavior to live in changing habitats (e.g., recycling wastes, establishing rain gardens, planting trees and shrubs to prevent flooding and erosion)
4.L.1.4: Explain how differences among animals of the same population sometimes give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing
in changing habitats.
4.L.2.1: Students know that living things derive their energy from food. Plants produce their own food, while other organisms must consume plants or other organisms in order to meet their food (energy) needs.
4.L.2.2: Students know that humans have needs for vitamins, minerals, and exercise in order to remain healthy.
Concepts:Market Economy, Supply, Demand, Scarcity, Productivity, Entrepreneurship, Spending
• 4. E.1.1 Understand the basic concepts of a market economy: supply, demand, scarcity, productivity, and entrepreneurship.
• 4. E.1.2 Understand how scarcity and choice in a market economy impacts business decisions.
• 4. E.1.3 Analyze the historical and contemporary role that major North Carolina industries have played in the state, nation, and world.
• 4. E.1.4 Explain the impact of entrepreneurship on the economy of North Carolina.
• 4. E.2.1 Explain how personal financial decisions such as spending, saving, and paying taxes, can positively and/or negatively affect everyday life.
• 4. E.2.2 Explain how limited personal financial resources affect the choices people make based on their wants and needs.
Concepts: Governmental Systems, Regulations, Rule of Law, Rights and Responsibilities, Individual Rights
• 4. C&G.1.1 Summarize the key principles and revisions of the North Carolina Constitution.
• 4. C&G.1.2 Compare the roles and responsibilities of state elected leaders.
• 4. C&G.1.3 Explain the influence of the colonial history of North Carolina on the governing documents of our state.
• 4. C&G.1.4 Compare North Carolina’s government with local governments.
• 4. C&G.2.1 Analyze the preamble and articles of the North Carolina Constitution in terms of rights and responsibilities.
• 4. C&G.2.2 Give examples of rights and responsibilities of citizens according to North Carolina Constitution.
• 4. C&G.2.3 Differentiate between rights and responsibilities reflected in the North Carolina Constitution.