National and regional approaches to multilingual internet names asia pacific perspective
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National and Regional Approaches to Multilingual Internet Names Asia Pacific Perspective. Tan Tin Wee Retired Chairman Asia Pacific Networking Group (APNG). Historical Origins of Multilingual Domain Names. 1998 – APNG Chairman’s Commission

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National and Regional Approaches to Multilingual Internet Names Asia Pacific Perspective

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National and Regional Approaches to Multilingual Internet NamesAsia Pacific Perspective

Tan Tin Wee

Retired Chairman

Asia Pacific Networking Group

(APNG)


Historical Origins of Multilingual Domain Names

  • 1998 – APNG Chairman’s Commission

  • 1998 – National University of Singapore research project – proxy/UTF5 solution

  • 1998 – Asia Pacific iDNS Testbed – at least five countries

  • 1998 – APNG/NUS Presentation to INET’98, Geneva.

  • 1998 – APNG/NUS Presentation to IFWP, Singapore.

  • 1999 – AP Task Force on iDNS

  • 1999 – iDNS IPv6 research project funded by PanAsia Networking, IDRC Canada


Historical Origins of Multilingual Domain Names – II

  • 2000 Formation of Multilingual Internet Names Consortium - MINC

  • 2000 CDNC - Chinese

  • 2000 International Forum for IT in Tamil (INFITT) – Tamil WG03

  • 2001 AINC – Arabic Internet Names Consortium

  • 2001 JDNA – Japanese Domain Name Assn


Key Issues - I

Multilingual Support in Internet Names is imperative

  • 55% of content non-English

  • Rapid Sustained Growth - China/HK/Taiwan, Japan, Korea

  • Rapid growth in developing countries in the region – Thailand, India, Indonesia, Philippines

  • Early phase – Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, etc


Key Issues - II

Principle of Least Astonishment for Users

  • Chinese Traditional/Simplified,

  • Kanji/Hirigana/Katakana,

  • Hanguel/Hanja

  • Arabic/Farsi/Urdu/Jawi


Key Issues - III

  • Autonomy

  • Self Determination

  • National Security for authorities


Key Issues - IV

Interoperability across languages - Minority Ethnic Groups and Multi-racial societies

  • Indian Languages

  • IndoChinese languages

  • Large minority groups in China – Mongolian, Tibetan etc.


Consequences of Delay

  • Application/Vendor dependent domain names and keywords – already happened

  • Keyword masquerade as domain names – 1 to 3 months

  • National Intranets/Extranets with national language-specific roots imminent in 3 to 6 months

  • Namespace collisions

  • User confusion, dissatisfaction, disservice


Solutions?

  • Demythologise the sacred root of IAB/IANA/IETF/ICANN

  • Liberalisation of the Internet - Distributed Unique Root or multiple but singly coordinated roots?

  • Controlled Economy or Market forces?

  • Mutual respect of all languages and scripts

  • Competence of authority

  • Speed of service

  • Proactive rather than reactive

  • Devolution of responsibility


APNG

  • APNG Commission 1998 gave birth to IDN

  • APNG desires for Internet Digital Divide in our region to be bridged quickly

  • APNG desires early resolution

  • APNG wishes to help and cooperate with other regions

  • APNG has provided technical directions and now hopes to contribute some ideas for future directions in politcal, governance and management


APNG

  • APNG also working on IPv6 IDNs

  • APNG will help and cooperate with MINC in new “above” DNS solutions such as multilingual multiscript keywords

  • APNG will encourage more AP citizens to participate in Technical solutions in IETF


More Information

  • Website: http://www.apng.org

  • Email: [email protected]

  • Info: http://www.apng.org/commission/idns/

  • MINC: http://www.minc.org/

  • AINC: http://www.a-inc.org/

  • CDNC: http://www.cdnc.org/

  • JDNA : http://www.jdna.org/

  • INFITT: http://www.infitt.org/


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