World religions
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World Religions. How many people are…?. Christian. Worship or follow Jesus Christ (what’s the difference) Three main groups: Catholic, Protestant, and Mormon (though this is controversial). Brief History of Christianity (YIKES!).

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World Religions

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World religions

World Religions


How many people are

How many people are…?


Christian

Christian

  • Worship or follow Jesus Christ (what’s the difference)

  • Three main groups: Catholic, Protestant, and Mormon (though this is controversial)


Brief history of christianity yikes

Brief History of Christianity (YIKES!)

  • Jesus was a Jew who was seeking a purer practice of Judaism (O AD)

  • Jesus is identified as a threat to the power structure and crucified (33 AD)

  • Followers of Jesus meet in house churches for centuries-Christianity a disorganized, minority and in the end, illegal, religion

  • Paul organizes a bunch of churches

  • 323 the Roman Emperor Constantine becomes Christian


Brief history of christianity continued

Brief History of Christianity continued…

  • Council of Nicea

  • 450 years of “creeds”

  • 1054 Western church (Roman Catholic) separates from Eastern (Eastern Orthodox)

  • 1517 Martin Luther and his 95 theses and the emergence of Protestantism


Theological differences in christianity

Theological differences in Christianity

  • Main theological differences:

    • Nature of God

    • Divinity of Jesus

    • Nature of religious leadership (ecclesiological)

    • Understanding of the Bible and its role (bibliogical)


Islam

Islam

  • Based on the teachings of Muhammad who “received” the Koran

  • Five pillars:

    • Profession of faith in Allah

    • Prayer five times a day

    • Ramadan

    • Pilgrimage to Mecca

    • -Giving 2.5% to the poor


A brief history of islam

A brief history of Islam…

  • 610 AD Muhammad receives the Koran in Saudi Arabia

  • 622 Muhammad establishes the Islamic state

  • 632 Muhammad dies leaving no apparent heir

  • Caliphs oversee expansion of Islamic state

    • Sunni (Muhammad’s friend) versus Shiite (Muhammad’s cousin)


The unaffiliated

The Unaffiliated

  • One in six people do not have a religious affiliation, which makes it the third largest religious group world-wide

  • Many unaffiliated have some religious beliefs without being specifically oriented to a particular religion

  • 62% of the unaffiliated live in China and 52% of the Chinese population is unaffiliated (700 million)

    • Japan has the second highest number (72 million or 57% of the population

    • U.S. the third highest (51 million or 16.4% of population)


Hinduism

Hinduism

  • Local and varied

  • Defined by colonial intruders

  • Way of life and eternal “duties”

  • Hindu modernism and Innate divinity


Buddhism

Buddhism

  • Siddhartha, the prince (Between 6th and 4th centuries BCE)

  • A little too much denial

  • Buddha and the Bodhi tree and the middle way

  • Dukkha:

    • Death

    • Change

    • Disappointment

  • Therveda and Mahayana

  • The Eight Fold Path


Judaism

Judaism

  • Abraham and the chosen people

  • The meaning of the fallen temple

  • Ethnoreligiosity

  • The role of the Rabbis

  • History of persecution

  • Hasidic, Orthodox, Reform


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