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Earthquakes Special Junior High School of Athens Instructor: Fani Papatoli Biology Teacher MS.Sped. Why did we choose teach about earthquakes?. In terms of earthquake activity Greece takes: The 1st place in Europe The 6 th place in the world Greece is located on the spot where the

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earthquakes special junior high school of athens instructor fani papatoli biology teacher ms sped

EarthquakesSpecial Junior High School of AthensInstructor: Fani Papatoli Biology Teacher MS.Sped.

Papatoli

why did we choose teach about earthquakes
Why did we choose teach about earthquakes?

In terms of earthquake activity Greece takes:

  • The 1st place in Europe
  • The 6th place in the world

Greece is located on the spot where the

subduction zone of the Eurasian and

African plates exists

Papatoli

lesson plan
Lesson Plan
  • Goal: - To have students informed about the phenomenon of earthquakes and prepared to protect themselves in case of an earthquake.

Science knowledge + Life Skill of Protection

Papatoli

objectives
Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students will be expected to:

  • To recognize when an earthquake happens
  • To distinguish the three different types of earthquakes (tectonic earthquakes, volcanic earthquakes, collapse earthquakes)
  • To recognize that tectonic earthquakes are more common in Greece
  • To be able to describe how a tectonic earthquake happens based on the movement of the plate tectonics.

Papatoli

objectives1
Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students will be expected to:

  • To know the difference between epicenter, and focus or hypocenter
  • To able to distinguish between use of the scale of Mercalli and Richter
  • To be able to describe the effects of the earthquakes

Papatoli

objectives2
Objectives

By the end of the lesson, students will be expected to:

  • To relate the frequency of earthquakes in Greece to the geographical position of the country
  • To learn how to protect themselves before the earthquake, during the earthquake and after the earthquake

Papatoli

materials and sources
Materials and Sources
  • The 2nd grade school geography book of Junior High School published by the National Ministry of Education of Greece.
  • The educational booklet “Crucial Problems,” published by the Goulandris Natural History Museum of Athens.
  • The booklet “Learning about the Earthquake and the Protection Measures- Instructions for Individuals with Special Needs,” published by the Anti-earthquake Organization of Planning and Protecting of the National Ministry of Infrastructures Transportations and Networks of Greece.
  • A political map of Greece

Papatoli

methods
Methods
  • 1st step: Connection with previous knowledge acquired in the subject of geography of the 1st grade of Junior High School.

Scaffolding questions:

  • What do you know about earthquakes?
  • Have you ever experienced an earthquake in the past?
  • Do you remember that we have talked about earthquakes last year in geography?
  • What would you do in case of an earthquake?

Papatoli

methods1
Methods
  • 2nd step: Introduction of the new knowledge

The teacher engages students in a discussion

highlighting the geographical position of Greece in

the world in relation to the movement of the

tectonic plates.

Use of the political map of Greece for:

    • Locating the Eurasian and African tectonic plates
    • Locating the Greek volcanoes

Papatoli

methods2
Methods
  • 2nd step: Introduction of the new knowledge

The teacher will:

    • Use students’ assumptions to introduce the new information
    • Distribute and explain the booklet “Crucial Problems,” published by the Goulandris Natural History Museum of Athens.
    • Introduce the protection measures that could be taken before, during, and after the earthquake.

Papatoli

methods3
Methods
  • 3rd step: Practical demonstration of the protection measures taken during an earthquake.

Extra instructions will be needed for students who use

wheelchairs and/or have celebral palsy and can not

use their hands for protecting their heads.

  • 4th step: Summary of the new knowledge. Emphasis

on the protection measures. Alleviation of senses of

anxiety and fear.

Papatoli

reflections
Reflections
  • The lesson was carried out in four lesson hours of forty minutes due to the high interest of students and the difficulties of the new knowledge.
  • All students showed major concern about the possible occurrence of an earthquake. None of the students had experienced an earthquake before.
  • There was an emotional impact on students: anxiety, stress and fear especially for students who use wheelchairs and students with cerebral palsy who cannot use their hands for protecting their hands.

Papatoli

reflections1
Reflections
  • The role of the teacher was to:

alleviate the students’ stress by proposing alternative

protection measures and giving emphasis on the fact

that most earthquakes in Greece are tectonic and not

volcano provoked.

The teacher highlighted the purpose of the lesson was

to inform and prepare students for a possible

earthquake instead of terrifying them.

Papatoli

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