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Urban Agriculture UA. Indicators. Belo Horizonte - BH: Capital of Minas Gerais State and the 5 th biggest capital of Brazil State of Minas Gerais : the third economy of Brazil 2,4 million inhabitants ( IBGE . 2010) Weather seasoned Pione er in Food and Nutritional Security

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Urban agriculture ua

UrbanAgricultureUA


Indicators

  • Belo Horizonte - BH: Capital of Minas Gerais State and the 5th biggest capital of Brazil

  • State of Minas Gerais: the third economy of Brazil

  • 2,4 million inhabitants (IBGE. 2010)

  • Weather seasoned

  • Pioneer in Food and Nutritional Security

  • Area: 331 km².

  • No Rural Area (98% urbanized). However, large amounts of “available” land around the capital (Periurban).

  • Economically active population: 60,4% (DIEESE, 2012)

  • Biome: Atlantic Rainforest in transition to Savannah.

  • Main economical activity: services and industry


FOMENTATION URBAN AGRICULTURE IN BELO HORIZONTE

The aim of this axis is to promote and to foment the urban agriculture, through implementation of programs with participation of the civil society and spread of agricultural techniques of production and susteinability.

From seed to table Project


Urban Agriculture Definition

It´sanactivitygroupthat includes thecultivationofgrain, medicinal plants, flowers, fruitspecies, foresterhandling, handcraftoffood/drinkand animal husbandrydevelopedwiththesegoals: owncomsuption, exchange, donationor marketing. Is conducedbygroupswhichsplitthegrowingareas, the labor, theexpensesandtheproductionofvegetables in publicandprivateareas, wherepredominatethefamilyorcolectiveworkingrelations. (Municipal Law n. 10.255/11)


STAGES OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE PRACTICE

Agricultor Organization (cooperativeorassociations)

Tostablish a Social Contract:

  • Clear objetives andgoals to bereached;

  • Rulesofcoexistence;

  • Individual Responsability;

  • Day bydaydistributionofduties


STAGES OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE PRACTICE

TRAINING FOR THE AGRO-ECOLOGICAL BASED PRODUCTION

  • Forest Handling

  • PreparationandCareswiththeground;

  • Whatandwhen to plant;

  • Plantingforms;

  • Seedlingproduction;

  • Planningandproductionscheduling;

  • Croprotation

  • Preparation and use of Biopreparations (composting, fertilizers and insecticides;

  • Rational use ofwater;

  • QualityControl: sanity, packaging, transportation.


STAGES OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE PRACTICE

Commercialization

  • Relationshipwiththeclient;

  • Business Administration;

  • Accounting;

  • Training ofcustomers:

    Directsell: neighbors, passers-by, fairs

    Institucional Market: public and private schools, hospitals, restaurants.


INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT: ROLE OF THE MUNICIPALITY

Firststepsofimplementation

  • Food and nutritional assistance during the implementation phase and viability of the enterprise;

  • Identifyandassignpublicareasfor the implementation of the project;

  • Deploy necessary infrastructure: fencing the area, water, greenhouse;

  • Provide inputs: organic compound, seeds, seedlings, tools, biopreparations;

  • Make the training of farmers;

  • Givetechnicalsupport.


INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT: ROLE OF THE MUNICIPALITY

Feasibility of commercialization

  • Create selling points in the municipality;

  • Buy the products for the public food programs;

  • Maintain the technical assistance;

  • Encourage and support the formation of associations and cooperatives;

  • Forward farmers for organizational and financial autonomy



First Harvest , ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATIONjul 2005

Installing the Community

Garden Barreiro 2005

Partnership: Banco do Brasil Foundation, Regional Administrations, Education Municipal Secretary, NGO Francisco de Assis de Amparo and Protection to the Child and Adolescent, EMATER.


COMUNNITY ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATION GARDEN

Jardim Produtivo

Vila Viva Taquaril


.


THE COMMUNITY GAINS ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATION

Improves the living conditions of social groups, in particular, those who live in a situation of food and nutritional insecurity because:

  • Providesincomegeneration;

  • Increasesjobopportunities;

  • Bringspeopletogether;

  • Provides more healthandeconomics

  • Increasestheofferoffoodofquality

  • Contributes to the increase of its consumption

  • Reducesofthe final price

  • Reduces wastage due to the direct sale to the final consumer;

  • Rescues farmer activity, brought from rural area.


  • School ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATIONGardensandCommon Use Vegetable Gardens

  • Promotes the implementation of vegetable gardens in the physical spaces of schools, nurseries, shelters, with the planting of vegetables;

  • Aiming at the complementation of food and helping in others aspects;

  • Become a space for learning and valorization for heath food;


EDGAR DA MATA MACHADO ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATIONSCHOOL

Improvethelivesof social groups, speciallyofthosewholives in foodandnutritionalinsecuritybecause:

  • Providesincomegeneration;

  • Increasethejobopportunity;

  • Bringpeopletogether

  • Provides more healthandeconomy;

  • Improvethesupplyoffoodwithhighquality;

  • Contribute to a greaterconsumption;

  • Reducethe final price

  • Reducethewastebecausetheyselldirectly to final consumer;

  • Rescuetheagriculturefrom rural area.


Pro-Orchard Project ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATION

It promotes the practice of fruit cultivation in common use and school spaces and others in he community, aiming at the auto-supply and the enlargement and preservation of green urban areas.

Objective: to encourage the creation of orchards in homes, community spaces, and schools in the municipality, making use of vacant spaces, seeking self-sufficiency and expansion of the vegetative cover in the city.

Conditionalities: phyisical space, and someone responsible for maintenance.

Procedures: Technical orientationabout planting and maintenance of fruit saplings and organic compost, and technical assistance.

Partnerships: EMATER-MG, Federal

Government.


Results for ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATION2013:


Workshops for ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATIONCultivation in AlternativesSpaces

  • Planting in Alternative Spaces Workshops Project: Through workshops, it promotes and encourages techniques for the production of vegetables, spices and medicinal plants in alternative spaces, such as plastic bottles, wood boxes, and others

  • PURPOSE: To teach cultivation practices for herb and vegetable gardening in disposable materials (tires, wood crates, pvc tubing, plastic soda bottles, etc.)

  • BENEFICIARIES: Communities of “villas,” health centers, asylums, and the general public.

  • Conditions: pre-registration, disposable materials.

  • Procedures: seed and seedling donations, informational flyers.

  • Number of workshops conducted in 2013: 118

    Beneficiaries: 2,038


NURSERY WORKSHOP ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATION


Challenges ZOO-BOTÂNICA FOUDATION for urbanagriculture in BH

  • Toberecognised as analternativetoincreasethe social equidityandto improve qualityoflife;

  • Tostrenghtenthesmallfarmersprotagonismandtheirwaysoforganization;

  • Toincreaseand improve the dialogue betweenthe UA andthe social andurbanpolicymakers;

  • To improve the use oftheproductiveareas, insuringaccessoftheurbanarea;

  • Toincreasetheproductionandaccesstofreshfoodbythepopulation;

  • Tohave legal mechanisms in thecity policies thatsupporttheinteractionamongproduction, foodprocessingandcommercialization.

  • Todeveloptechnologiestobetterintegratethe use of local natural resources, especiallywater.


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