My apologies
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My apologies . Ms Zahira is a quiet lion . Group activity. How does this activity work?. Step 1: Read TB pg 22-24 (5 min) Step 2: Discussion (5 min) Step 3: Presentation (20 min) A vs B : European rivalry and Dutch monopoly in the region C vs D: Importance of India and China trade

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My apologies 

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My apologies

My apologies


Ms zahira is a quiet lion

Ms Zahira is a quiet lion


Group activity

Group activity


How does this activity work

How does this activity work?

Step 1: Read TB pg 22-24 (5 min)

Step 2: Discussion (5 min)

Step 3: Presentation (20 min)

A vs B : European rivalry and Dutch monopoly in the region

C vs D: Importance of India and China trade

E vs F: Suitability of Singapore as a port

G vs H: Unsuitability of Penang and Bencoolen


Instructions

Instructions

  • Get into groups of four.

  • Choose a number from 1-4

  • Member- 1: Secretary (Records all discussion)

  • Member 2: Volume controller

  • Member 3: Timekeeper( checks time & ensure work is done within time given)

  • Member 4: Leader ( takes charge of group discussion)


What are you going to discuss

What are you going to discuss?

  • Groups A-C-E-G are to summarise the main points and present to the class

  • Groups B-D-F-H are to construct and write down 5 questions related to the factor given (hint: you may want to consider 5W1H)

  • Everyone is to use the graphic organiser to record the important points during presentation.


Founding of singapore

Founding of Singapore

From Raffles to Crawfurd


Key questions

Key questions

  • Why was Singapore chosen by the British?

  • Who was the founder of Singapore?


My apologies

Dutch Trading Company

British East India Company

  • Had profitable biz in China, India and Malay Archipelago

  • Main European power in Malay Archipelago

  • Controlled most of region, including Java and Melaka

FAST FACTS


Raffles concern

RAFFLES’ CONCERN

  • “The Dutch possess the only routes through which ships must sail into the Malay Archipelago, the Straits of Sunda and Melaka and the British have now not an inch of ground to stand upon between India and China, nor a friendly port at which they obtain water and obtain refreshment”

    Textbook, page 24.


Map of 18 th century south east asia

Map of 18th Century South-east Asia

  • Refer to paragraphs 2&3,pg23 Textbook

  • Questions:

    1. What were the ports that the British and Dutch controlled?

    2. What did the Dutch impose on British trading ships?

    3. What did the Dutch impose on Asian trading ships?


Map of 18 th century south east asia1

Map of 18th Century South-east Asia

  • Refer to paragraphs 2&3,pg23 Textbook

  • Questions:

    4. Why were Penang and Bencoolen unsuitable?

    5. Why was Melaka a better port than the other 2?


My apologies

Why did the British choose to set up a trading settlement in Singapore?


A european rivalry and dutch monopoly in the region

a) European rivalry and Dutch monopoly in the region

  • 19th century- Dutch was the MAIN European power in Malay Archipelago

  • Dutch control meant that the British were at a disadvantage.

    • Control of major ports

    • High fees and taxes on goods

    • Not allowed to trade with locals.

  • This form of control is also known as a trade monopoly.


B importance of india and china trade

b)Importance of India and China trade

  • 19th century, Britain had developed trading relations with China, India and the Malay Archipelago.

  • British were earning a lot selling opium to China and Chinese goods such as silk and tea to sell in Europe

  • The British needed a port to control the Straits of Melaka and prevent the Dutch from extending their territory over the trade route from Melaka.


Map of 18 th century south east asia2

Map of 18th Century South-east Asia


C suitability of singapore as a port

c) Suitability of Singapore as a port

  • Singapore was a suitable port located/centralised in the heart of the Malay Archipelago, along the main trading route between India and China.

  • Protect British traders engaged in the lucrative India-China trade.

  • Excellent harbour—it was deep and wide, making it appropriate for big ships to anchor.

  • Plentiful supply of drinking water available.


My apologies

Is there another factor?


D unsuitability of penang and bencoolen

d) Unsuitability of Penang and Bencoolen

  • 2 trading settlements Penang and Bencoolen were unsuitable due to its location

  • Penang: too far north along the Straits of Melaka

  • Bencoolen was located on the west coast of Sumatra

    => AWAY from the popular Straits of Melaka.


Think pair and share

Think pair and share

Partner A= Read page 25-27

Partner B= Read page 28-30


Questions

Questions

  • When did the British come to Singapore?

  • Who ruled Singapore at that point of time?

  • What were the problems faced by the British upon meeting with the Temengong?

  • How did Raffles resolve the matter?


Questions1

Questions

  • Were the Dutch angry with the British?

  • Why were the British reluctant to antagonise the Dutch?

  • What happened in the end?

  • How did the conflict resolve?


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