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Sensing Vibrations. Sensing Vibrations. Basilar membrane measures the amplitude and frequency of sound waves amplitude ( loudness ) - magnitude of displacement of the basilar membrane. frequency (pitch) - frequency and location of displacements of the basilar membrane. Sensing Vibrations.

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Presentation Transcript
sensing vibrations1
Sensing Vibrations
  • Basilar membrane measures the amplitude and frequency of sound waves
    • amplitude (loudness) - magnitude of displacement of the basilar membrane
  • frequency (pitch) - frequency and location of displacements of the basilar membrane
sensing vibrations2
Sensing Vibrations
  • Basilar membrane measures the amplitude and frequency of sound waves
  • frequency (pitch) - frequency and location of displacements of the basilar membrane
sensing vibrations3
Sensing Vibrations
  • Bundles of “hair cells” are embedded in basilar membrane
sensing vibrations4
Sensing Vibrations
  • When hair cells sway back and forth, they let charges inside
  • This flow of charges is converted to action potentials and sent along the auditory pathway
the auditory pathway
The Auditory Pathway
  • The auditory pathway is complex and involves several “stations” along the way to the auditory cortex in the brain
  • Lots of processing must be done in real-time on auditory signals!
how can you localize sound
How Can You Localize Sound?
  • Ponder this:
    • Imagine digging two trenches in the sand beside a lake so that water can flow into them. Now imagine hanging a piece of cloth in the water in each trench. Your job is to determine the number and location and type of every fish, duck, person, boat, etc. simply by examining the motion of the cloth. That’s what your auditory system does!

- Al Bregman

how do we stay balanced

How do we Stay Balanced?

The Vestibular System

vestibular system balance3
Vestibular System (Balance)

Head accelerates this way

Fluid goes this way

Cupula gets

pushed

vestibular system balance4
Vestibular System (Balance)

Fluid goes this way

Head accelerates this way

Cupula gets

pushed

vestibular system balance5
Vestibular System (Balance)
  • movement of the cupula is detected by hair cells
  • hair cells in the vestibular system are more sensitive than hair cells on the basilar membrane!
vestibular visual and proprioceptive systems work together
Vestibular, Visual, and Proprioceptive Systems Work Together
  • Try standing on one foot with your eyes closed!
fun facts about the vestibular system
Fun Facts about The Vestibular System
  • Seasickness arises when the vestibular system and the visual system send conflicting information
fun facts about the vestibular system1
Fun Facts about The Vestibular System
  • Seasickness arises when the vestibular system and the visual system send conflicting information
  • People can be knocked down by moving walls!
fun facts about the vestibular system2
Fun Facts about The Vestibular System
  • Seasickness arises when the vestibular system and the visual system send conflicting information
  • People can be knocked down by moving walls!
  • Alcohol causes the spins by (among other things) changing the density of the fluid in the semicircular canals
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