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ADHD and Early childhood. Incidence and Interventions. Interventions that Work for ADHD. ADHD Statistics. 4.5 million children have been identified as ADHD (2006 data from CDC) 3%-7% of the school population boys (9.5%) are more likely than girls (5.9%) to have been diagnosed with ADHD.

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adhd and early childhood

ADHD and Early childhood

Incidence and Interventions

adhd statistics
ADHD Statistics
  • 4.5 million children have been identified as ADHD (2006 data from CDC)
  • 3%-7% of the school population
  • boys (9.5%) are more likely than girls (5.9%) to have been diagnosed with ADHD.
birthday
Birthday

There is a huge difference between a 5 year old and a 6 year old in ability to attend to task. At the beginning of a first grade year- there are children who are almost 7 and children who are almost 6 depending on the cut-off for Kindergarten in your state.

Research indicates grouping children by birthdays in classes would be best.

August-October

November-January

February-April

May-July

consider this
Consider This
  • Kindergarten cut-off date in Pittsburgh is September 1.
    • Johnny’s birthday is September 24
  • Kindergarten cut-off date in St. Louis is July 1.
    • Kallie’s birthday is June 30
  • They both start first grade at the same school in Bethel, PA after being in their previous cities.

Just turned six years old 3 weeks before school started.

3 weeks from being 7

state prevalence
State Prevalence

Center for Disease Control-2003

i don t have time to do all this
I don’t have time to do all this…

Which fits your busy schedule better, exercising one hour a day or being dead 24 hours a day?

functional differences
Functional Differences
  • Power performance on timed tasks
  • Slower reaction time
  • Slower processing time
  • Lower problem solving abilities
  • Less fine motor control
  • Less gross motor control
  • Problems with inhibitions
brain structural differences
Brain Structural Differences
  • Smaller frontal lobe and right hemisphere is about 5% smaller than students who do not demonstrate ADHD symptoms.
living with adhd a demonstration
Living with ADHD:A Demonstration
  • Follow along as a volunteer reads from the
  • following screens and reports any challenges.
  • The text is from a 6th grade-level source, with
  • no foreign words.
  • Credit: Emily Chase, Do you use hand sanitizer?, Academic
  • Advocate, Sun Journal, Lewiston, Maine, January 9, 2008
part 1 read the text
Part 1: Read the text
  • Use of hand sanitizers has become
  • increasingly popular in hospitals,
  • schools, day care centers, and even on
  • the gangways of ships. They work well
  • when soap and water are not available,
  • and are a quick way to disinfect one’s
  • hands.
slide19

Let’s use a Likert Scale to rate of the

difficulty reading the previous passage.

Now….Part 2:

Read the text and do NOT

include italicized words

slide20

Part 2: Read the text and do NOT include italicized words

Hand sanitizers often stop it you are bugging

me include among their ingredients 60% or

more what he she doing there of ethyl

alcohol, isopropanol, look at that, or ethanol,

or other similar compound

If a hand where’s my pencil sanitizer contains

less shoot – I dropped it - than 60% of one of

these ingredients, it this is stupid, I quit will

not be effective in killing germs.

slide21

Let’s use a Likert Scale to rate of the

difficulty reading the previous passage.

Now….Part 3:

Read the text and do NOT

include italicized words

slide22

Part 3: Read the text and do NOT include italicized words

A study conducted conducted recently

demonstrated the effect of of using

hand sanitizers with less than 60%

alcohol content. Students had one

hand hand covered in sanitizer with

60+% alcohol 50%? and the other hand

with less than 60% alcohol. Then each

each hand was placed in a culture plate

with germs.

slide23

Let’s use a Likert Scale to rate of the

difficulty reading the previous passage.

Thanks go to our demonstrator!

break up activities
Break up activities
  • Complex assignments into smaller parts.
post a daily schedule and stick to it
Post a Daily Schedule and Stick to It
  • Tape it on the child\'s desk.
  • Have them mark of activities as they complete them.
kinesthetic activities
Kinesthetic Activities

Connect visual and auditory

  • Take an ordinary rubber ball and a permanent marking pen.
  • Divide the ball into sections.
  • Write questions all over the ball.
  • The students toss the ball and where their right thumb lands- that is the question they must answer.
  • The child can “phone” a friend if needed.
  • The student then chooses to toss the ball to someone else.
watch for fatigue
Watch for fatigue
  • Send on an errand if they look like they are straining.
  • It is very hard work to read something three times and still not know what you read.
  • Be there figit monitor
slide35
Sit N Fit Disc or Disc’o sit

http://www.benchmonster.com/yoga.htm

$16.00

two desks
Two Desks

Permission to move with parameters

provide an appropriate foot rest1
Provide an appropriate foot rest

$30.00

Make sure the custodian clamps the ends so they can not come loose.

$1.00 for three

slide52
ADHD
  • Encourage Acceptable channels for Motor Behavior (U.S. Department of Education, 2004).
    • Koosh ball on a keychain
    • Velcro on bottom side of desk to rub
    • Bungee cord on desk legs to bounce with foot
assign tutors
Assign tutors
  • Pair students who have patience and social skills to be their academic partner.
negative consequences
Negative Consequences
  • Use negative consequences only after a positive reinforcement program has enough time to become effective.
  • Deliver negative consequences in a firm, business-like way without emotion, lectures, or long-winded explanations.
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