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Forest Management Challenges & Opportunities. Green Counties: Green Lands Madison, VA 18 September 2007 Mike Santucci Region 3 Forest Conservation Specialist. Topics of Discussion. The forest by the numbers Demographic impact Threats and issues Points to ponder.

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Forest management challenges opportunities

Forest ManagementChallenges & Opportunities

Green Counties: Green Lands

Madison, VA

18 September 2007

Mike Santucci

Region 3 Forest Conservation Specialist


Topics of discussion

Topics of Discussion

  • The forest by the numbers

  • Demographic impact

  • Threats and issues

  • Points to ponder


Forest cover madison county

Forest Cover – Madison County


Timberland all landowners

Timberland – All Landowners


Timberland nipfos

Timberland – NIPFOs


Forest cover types

Forest Cover Types


Forestland ownership

Forestland Ownership


Economic impact

Economic Impact

  • $156.3 MM

    • DIRECT, INDIRECT, INDUCED impacts

    • #1 agricultural industry in the state

  • 1180 residents employed

    • 10% of population

  • Difficult to quantify other values


Demographics

Demographics

  • Northern Piedmont is fastest growing region in VA

    • Added 15,000+ people in 5 years

    • Lost 5000+/- acres of forestland


Conservation continuum

Conservation Continuum

Exploitation

Preservation

“Come–heres”

New residents

Neo-conservationists

Regulation

Societal benefits

“Been–heres”

Generational families

Traditionalists

Economic incentives

Private property rights


Ecological footprint

Ecological Footprint

  • A single human being:

    • Annually consumes the amount of wood in a 16-inch diameter tree that is 100 feet tall

    • Uses 750 pounds of paper per year

  • Home construction

    • 20,000 board feet of lumber

    • 14,000 board feet of panel products

  • 24 acres of forestland per person


  • Ecological footprint acres of forestland per person

    Ecological FootprintAcres of Forestland per Person


    Local threats to forestland

    Local Threats to Forestland

    • Loss of open space

      • Through parcelization, fragmentation and conversion

    • Improper forest management

      • Past and present

    • Water quantity and quality

    • Invasive species


    Forest parcelization

    Forest Parcelization

    • Division of large, contiguous forest tracts into smaller properties

    • Promotes forest fragmentation and land-use conversion.


    Fragmentation

    Fragmentation

    • Often leads to conversion

      • Usually development

    • Tends to isolate and separate forested tracts from each other.

    • 75 acres

      • Healthy & manageable forest systems

    • Madison County

      • Average tract size is 20 acres

      • 85% of tracts are smaller


    Conversion

    Conversion

    • VA losing 26,000 acres of forestland per year

      • 71+ acres per day

      • 2.9 acres per hour

    • 1 million acres by 2040

    • Majority is concentrated in northern piedmont and mountains

    • 75% due to development


    Proximity pressure

    Proximity Pressure

    • Culmination of fragmentation and development

    • Madison County Population Density =

      42 people per square mile


    Some points to ponder

    Some Points to Ponder

    • History is the future

    • Succession happens

    • Forest management is an act of trade-offs

    • Where do the opportunities lie?


    History is the future

    History is the Future

    • Past events impact today’s decisions

    • Today’s decisions will impact tomorrow’s choices

    • “By understanding our past, we can shape our future.”

      • Forest History Society


    Succession happens

    Succession Happens

    • Forests:

      • Are not static

      • Age at a different rate than us

      • Can and do change

    • Take the long view

      • The shorter the planning horizon, the less possibility for sustainability

      • “Forest time” is out of sync with “human time”


    Trade offs

    Trade-offs

    • Very few panaceas or silver bullets

    • Very little is black & white

      • Get comfortable in the “gray”

    • Objectives can be contradictory

      • Cause and effect


    Opportunities

    Opportunities

    • Public participation

      • Comprehensive Plan revisions

      • Ad hoc committees

    • Forest Stewardship Management Plans

    • Cost Share Programs

    • Tax Incentives

      • Land Use taxation

      • Forestal districts

    • Conservation Easements


    Thank you

    THANK YOU!

    • Questions?


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