The Causes of World War I. In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Nationalism Imperialism The Alliance System Militarism. There many causes of the first World War. The War began in 1914 and lasted until 1918. In 1914, Austria’s Archduke Francis
In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms:
The Alliance System
War. The War began in 1914 and
lasted until 1918.
Ferdinand was assassinated by Slav
nationalists. Austrians believed that
Serb officials had helped the assassins,
and decided to invade Serbia.
Francis Ferdinand set off a chain reaction
that soon involved all of Europe’s
major powers. What began as a local
crisis escalated into a world war.
was the spark that ignited the war, there
were many underlying causes of the
war. Nationalism, ethnic rivalries,
imperialism, alliances, and militarism
created a powder keg waiting to explode.
Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary,
and Russia. Nationalism also led to the
creation of new independent nations in
the Balkans: Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria,
consisted of many
ethnic groups, most
of which wanted their
own national states.
threatened to break
the empire apart.
still under Austrian
rule, found in the
By annexing these
Serbia could also
gain access to the
seemed to challenge
for colonies created
two large alliances. On one side stood
Germany and Austria-Hungary. On the
other side was Russia, France, and Great
one alliance threatened to bring in
the glorification of the military. Military
planning and arms races played key roles
in the outbreak of World War I.
thought it would
be better to attack
first rather than
to wait until being
a crisis occurred,
were prepared to