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1000-1450. Review. Dar al-Islam. Middle East, North Africa, Spain Sub-Saharan Africa, India, Southeast Asia Syncretic. Umayyad Caliphate. Capital Damascus Mawalis (non-Arab Muslims) pay taxes Dhimmis (people of the Book) tolerated Wealthy and powerful. Abassid Caliphate.

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1000 1450

1000-1450

Review


Dar al islam

Dar al-Islam

  • Middle East, North Africa, Spain

  • Sub-Saharan Africa, India, Southeast Asia

  • Syncretic


Umayyad caliphate

Umayyad Caliphate

  • Capital Damascus

  • Mawalis (non-Arab Muslims) pay taxes

  • Dhimmis (people of the Book) tolerated

  • Wealthy and powerful


Abassid caliphate

Abassid Caliphate

  • Capital Baghdad

  • Mawalis equal to Arab Muslims, no taxation

  • Dhimmis tolerated

  • Wealthy, cosmopolitan

  • High literary culture, preserved ancient culture

  • Trade and commerce encouraged, middlemen between Asia, Europe, Africa


Review

  • Travel over long distances possible: Ibn Battuta


China and east asia

China and East Asia

  • Golden Age of China: Sui, Tang, Song Dynasties

  • Sui Dynasty: reunification after Three Kingdom Period. Buddhism dominant

  • Building projects like the Grand Canal raise taxes, cause peasant revolts


Tang dynasty

Tang Dynasty

  • China at greatest territorial extent

  • Capital Changan

  • Center of trade (Silk Road)

  • Buddhism

  • Neo-Confucianism develops during later Tang as Emperors distrusted Buddhist power and wealth


Review

  • Empress Wu greatest Tang ruler

  • Tang conquered by invaders,


Song dynasty

Song Dynasty

  • Northern Song: capital Kaifeng

  • Southern Song; capital Hangzhou

  • Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism gradually gaining strength


Review

  • Population moves south

  • Tea, fish, rice

  • Population growth

  • Commercial Revolution

  • Proto-industrial

  • Neo-Confucianists oppose industrialization, foreign trade, support agriculture. China must not be dragged down by foreigners

  • Gunpowder, printing, equine collar harness


Korea japan east asia

Korea, Japan, East Asia

  • Chinese cultural influence: writing system, Buddhism, missionaries, merchants encourage cultural diffusion

  • Japan’s classical period: Heian Period

  • Buddhism, Chinese culture. Cultural copying

  • Capital: Kyoto


Review

  • Feudalism develops as Emperors lose power.

  • Shoguns (military rulers) dominate bakufu (tent governments.

  • Kamakura Shogunate defeated Mongol invasions

  • Ashikaga Shogunate


Review

  • Japanese feudalism less structured, formal than European feudalism of same period.

  • Similar hierarchical structure


India

India

  • Center of manufacturing and trade

  • Indian Ocean trade: monsoons.

  • India “on the way to everywhere”

  • Improves imported crops, sends them to rest of world

  • Indian numerals, zero, cotton, spices


Europe

Europe

  • Dark Ages

  • Church and Popes held enormous power

  • 800-1300 Medieval warm period

  • Equine collar harness

  • Population growth


Charlemagne

Charlemagne

  • Unifies most of Western Europe

  • Empire divided by his grandsons

  • Feudalism

  • Warfare


Trade revives

Trade revives

  • Champagne region: crossroads, wise rulers, Jewish population

  • Flanders: wool, North Sea trade

  • Italy: Venice and Genoa link to rest of world


Crusades

Crusades

  • Religious wars

  • Europeans recognize they are backwards when exposed to Eastern culture

  • Little effect on Dar al-Islam


Americas

Americas

  • Separate civilizations

  • Toltecs, Aztecs

  • Incas

  • Circumstantial evidence of contact


Mongols

Mongols

  • Chinggis Khan and sons/grandsons conquer most of Asia including China.

  • Opened trade routes

  • Religious toleration

  • Forbidden City of Beijing symbol of multicutural empire


Review

  • Dar al Islam destroyed, Ottoman Turks spread into Middle East

  • Russia conquered, ruled by Golden Horde, isolated from West

  • Black Death spreads to Europe over trade routes

  • Yuan Dynasty in China, foreign rulers hated by Chinese, Confucianists


Calamitous 14 th century

Calamitous 14th century

  • Little Ice Age

  • Conflict

  • Black Death

  • European development slowed down


1400s

1400s

  • Ming Voyages halted

  • Ottoman Turks “conquest over commerce”

  • European revival, new interest in outside world.


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