Minnesota wing aircrew training p 2007 p 2001 p 2028
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 32

Minnesota Wing Aircrew Training: P-2007, P-2001, P-2028 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 82 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Minnesota Wing Aircrew Training: P-2007, P-2001, P-2028. Observer and Mission Pilot Duties and Responsibilities Crew Resource Management. Aircrew Team. Scanner/Observer Observer Pilot. Observer Duties and Responsibilities. Observer Duties and Responsibilities (during the flight).

Download Presentation

Minnesota Wing Aircrew Training: P-2007, P-2001, P-2028

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Minnesota wing aircrew training p 2007 p 2001 p 2028

Minnesota Wing Aircrew Training: P-2007, P-2001, P-2028

Observer and Mission Pilot Duties and Responsibilities

Crew Resource Management


Aircrew team

Aircrew Team

  • Scanner/Observer

  • Observer

  • Pilot


Observer duties and responsibilities

Observer Duties and Responsibilities


Observer duties and responsibilities during the flight

Observer Duties and Responsibilities (during the flight)

  • Primary Responsibility during searches: Visual Search

  • Sight and Identify Search Objective

    • You are the eyes and ears of the incident commander

  • Report Observations - Maintain accurate log

    • Maintain sighting log including precise locations, sketches, or other information on each mission


Additional observer responsibilities during the flight

Additional Observer Responsibilities (during the flight)

  • Assist in avoiding obstacles in flight

  • Assist in setting up and operating radios

  • Assist in setting up and operating nav and comm equipment

    • Allows the pilot to concentrate on safely and precisely flying the airplane

  • Maintain situational awareness

  • Assist in monitoring fuel status

  • Supervising/coordinating Scanners


Observer responsibilities before and after the flight

Observer Responsibilities (Before and After the Flight)

  • Wear appropriate dress for the mission

  • Ensure all credentials are current and carried during the mission

  • Complete sign in

  • Attend all briefings

  • Assist Mission Pilot with planning for the mission


Additional observer responsibilities before the flight

Additional Observer Responsibilities Before the Flight

  • Ensure all necessary equipment is available in the aircraft (properly stowed) before the mission

    • Mission kit with gridded charts, CAPR 60-3, plotter, flight computer, local road maps and binoculars, camera, clipboard, sunglasses, survival equipment, overnight kit, etc. Radio Communication.

  • Assist in avoiding obstacles during taxiing

  • Assist in filling out CAPF 104 based on sighting log

  • Report with the Mission Pilot to Air Search Coordinator for debriefing


Mission pilot duties and responsibilities

Mission Pilot Duties and Responsibilities


Mp duties responsibilities

MP Duties & Responsibilities

  • Primary Responsibility: Pilot the aircraft in a safe and proficient manner, following all CAP and FAA rules and regulations.

  • Second: Remember that you are a pilot, not a scanner.

  • In addition to these duties, the pilot must perform some of the duties of the observer if no qualified observer is on board.


Mp duties responsibilities1

MP Duties & Responsibilities

  • In addition to the duties of Pilot-in-Command:

  • Responsible for obtaining complete briefings and for planning sorties

  • Thoroughly brief the aircrew before flight, including a briefing on their responsibilities during all phases of the upcoming flight

  • Obtain a proper flight release

  • Utilize CRM techniques and procedures

  • Enforce sterile cockpit rules


Mp duties responsibilities2

MP Duties & Responsibilities

  • Sterile cockpit rules; all unnecessary talk is suspended and collision avoidance becomes the priority of each crewmember.

  • Sterile cockpit rules focus each crewmember on the duties at hand, namely concentrating on looking outside the aircraft for obstacles and other aircraft.

  • The rules will always be used during the taxi, takeoff, departure, approach, and landing phases of flight; but the pilot or observer may declare these rules in effect whenever they are needed to minimize distractions.


Mp duties responsibilities3

MP Duties & Responsibilities

  • Fly search patterns as completely and precisely as possible; report any deviations from the prescribed patterns during debriefing.

  • Monitor the observer and ensure all events, sightings and reports are recorded and reported.

  • Fill out all forms accurately, completely and legibly.


Mp duties responsibilities4

MP Duties & Responsibilities

  • Know what goes into the observer’s log

    • to help inexperienced observers

    • to be able to keep the log when riding in the right seat

  • The log is maintained from take-off until landing

  • Includes all events and sightings with geographical position of aircraft noted

  • The Observer Log contains much of the debriefing information entered on the CAP Form 104

    • This info is passed back to the mission coordinator/incident commander


Aircrew coordination

Aircrew Coordination


Team concept and communication

Team concept and communication

  • Pay close attention to all briefings

  • Understand the “big picture”

  • Watch for task over-load in yourself and other crewmembers

  • 67% of air transport accidents occur during 17% of the flight time - taxi, takeoff, climb, approach and landing. Keep casual conversation and distractions to a minimum during these phases of flight

  • Begin critical communication with instructions, then explain


Crew briefings

Crew Briefings

  • Mission Objectives

  • Route

  • Weather

  • Altitudes

  • Division of Crew Duties

  • Survival Equipment/Conditions

  • Seat Belts

  • Emergency Exits

  • Emergency Procedures

  • No Smoking Policy


Crew effectiveness

Crew Effectiveness

  • Good Communications

  • Clock Position

    • High, Low, Level

  • Maneuvers

    • Straight ahead

    • Stop turn

  • Small Corrections

    • 5 degrees right

    • 10 degrees left bank

  • External References

12

1

11

2

10

3

9

4

8

5

7

6


Observers log

Observer Log

Aircraft

Pilot

Observer

Mission

Date

Inflight Observations

Destination

Total Dist

ETE

Takeoff Time

Fuel

Time

Observation

ETA

Departure Pt.

ETE

Ident

Fuel

Remain

Mag

Hdg

Ground

Speed

Dist

Check Points

Remain

ATA

Freq

Observers Log

  • Provides a record of

    the flight

    • Preflight calculations

    • Record of observations

  • Basis for debriefing

  • Used to complete CAPF 104

  • Information is forwarded to Incident Commander to guide mission management

  • Good logs can be combined from several sorties to give the Incident Commander a better picture of how the search is going


Debriefing

Debriefing

  • Note both Positive and “Negative” results

  • Don’t Hesitate to Volunteer Info

  • Types of Clues Investigated

  • Use the back side of CAPF 104

  • Used to determine how effective the search was

    • Weather — shadows, visibility, snow cover

    • Terrain — open flat, mountainous, rough

    • Ground Cover — barren, forest, scrub, sparse, dense

    • Other information — hazards, changes from plan

  • Used to calculate the “probability of detection” which is used for subsequent search planning


Crew resource management

Purpose:Understand attitudes and skills that allow each crewmember to participate as part of the team

Properly trained aircrew members can collectively perform complex tasks better and make more accurate decisions than the single best performer on the team.

An untrained team's overall performance can be significantly worse than the performance of its weakest single member.

Crew Resource Management


Crew management goals

Maximize human performance

Understand group dynamics

Assess, mitigate, and manage risk

Manage workload to avoid task saturation or complacency

Improve communication inside and outside flight deck

Maintain situational awareness

Crew Management Goals


Human performance

Human Performance

  • Managing Fatigue

    • Scanning is physically demanding work

      • Consider using search pattern turns as opportunities to stretch muscles

    • Duty day rules apply to scanners and observers as well as pilots (CAPR 60-1)

      • 14 hour duty day max

        • Duty Day is defined as beginning when reporting to work or the CAP activity, whichever occurs first. It ends at engine shut down.

      • 8 scheduled flight hours within a duty day max

      • Under no circumstances will flight time exceed 10 hours

      • 10 hours rest between duty days minimum


Other human performance factors

Other Human Performance factors

  • Turbulence

  • Heat / Cold

  • Light / Contrast

  • Boredom

  • Empty Field Myopia


Group dynamics

Types of authority / Leadership styles

Assertiveness

Hazardous Attitudes

Anti-authority

Impulsiveness

Invulnerability

Macho

Resignation

Get There It-us

Group Dynamics


The error chain

The Error Chain

  • A series of event links that, when considered together, cause a mishap.

  • Should anyone of the links be “broken,” then the mishap will not occur.

  • It is up to each crewmember to recognize a link and break the error chain.


Workload management

Workload Management

  • Little things can make a difference

    • Help the pilot manage charts, checklists, etc.

    • Manage the CAP radio

  • Consider when to apply sterile flight deck discipline

  • Think ahead

    • use idle time to prepare for next busy activity


Improved communication

Improved Communication

  • Entire crew should participate in briefings and debriefings if possible

    • Otherwise the pilot should thoroughly brief the team

  • Pilot should plan sorties with the participation of the aircrew

  • Don’t be afraid to volunteer information in the air and on the ground

  • Don’t be afraid to ask relevant questions


Situational awareness keeping a mental picture of what is happening and about to happen

Situational AwarenessKeeping a mental picture of what is happening and about to happen

  • Don’t’ fixate, scan the big picture

  • Project ahead and consider contingencies

  • Rotate attention between the crew, the plane (current situation), and the path ahead

  • Speak up when you see SA breaking down


Task saturation

Task Saturation

  • Too much information at one time

  • Too many tasks to accomplish in a given time

  • Usually occurs when an individual is confronted with a new or unexpected situation. Loses SA.


Regaining situational awareness

Regaining Situational Awareness

  • Reduce workload: Suspend the mission.

  • Reduce threats:

    • Get away from the ground and other obstacles (e.g., climb to a safe altitude).

    • Establish a stable flight profile where you can safely analyze the situation.

  • Remember: “Aviate, Navigate, Communicate”


How do we get it back

How do we get it back?

  • Trust your gut feelings

  • “Time Out,” “Abort,” or “This is Stupid.”

    • Pilot establishes aircraft in a safe and stable configuration, and then discuss the problem

  • Sterile Cockpit

    • Limit talk to the minimum necessary for safety.

    • Taxi, takeoff, departure, low-level flying, approach, landing


Summary

Summary

  • Successful missions hinge on each and every member

  • Learn how to use the procedures and tools available to you, and use them correctly

  • Never stop learning

  • Don’t be afraid to ask questions

  • Never criticize someone for asking questions

  • Practice, practice, practice


  • Login