Politics of the 1800 s
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Politics of the 1800’s. Whig Party The People’s Party, 1832-1856. Pres. Election winners William Henry Harrison (1840) Died of pneumonia First President to die in office Zachary Taylor (1848) Died from eating cherries and milk Second President to die in office

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Politics of the 1800’s

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Politics of the 1800 s

Politics of the 1800’s


Whig party the people s party 1832 1856

Whig PartyThe People’s Party, 1832-1856

  • Pres. Election winners

    • William Henry Harrison (1840)

      • Died of pneumonia

      • First President to die in office

    • Zachary Taylor (1848)

      • Died from eating cherries and milk

      • Second President to die in office

  • Belief in the Federal Government

    • Limit power of the individual

  • Slavery divided the party

    • “Conscience Whigs” - Northerners joined the new Republican Party

    • “Cotton Whigs” - Southerners joined the Democratic Party


Free soil party 1848 1854 free soil free speech free labour and free men

Free-Soil Party, 1848-1854"free soil, free speech, free labour, and free men"

  • Anti-slavery sentiment

  • Goal: Keep slavery out of the west (prevent the spread of slavery)

  • Presidential Election losers

    • Martin Van Buren (1848)

    • John Parker (1852)

  • Eventually folded as a party and joined the Republican Party in 1854


Know nothing party

Know-Nothing Party

  • American Party (1845-1856)

  • Know-Nothing Party – secrecy, difficult to find out any information

  • Millard Fillmore

    • Was Zachary Taylor’s VP; took over the Oval Office (1850-1853) after Taylor’s death

    • Ran as the American Party candidate 1856 (lost)

  • Party platform

    • Survival of the Union

    • Nativism (focus of party)

  • Slavery divided the party in 1855


Politics of the 1800 s

Republican Party

1854-present

  • Presidential elections

    • John C. Freemont

      • First candidate, 1856 (lost)

    • Abraham Lincoln

      • First Republican winner, 1860

  • Opposed the spread of slavery, the K-N Act, and the Dred Scott decision

  • Found support from northerners, abolitionists, eastern manufacturers, etc.


Politics of the 1800 s

Democratic Party, 1832-present

  • Dominated politics from 1832-1860

    • Andrew Jackson, 1829-1837

    • Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841

    • James K. Polk, 1845-1849

    • Franklin Pierce, 1853-1857

    • James Buchanan, 1857-1861

  • As a national party, they had a weak stance on slavery. In 1860, slavery ended up dividing the party.

    • Northern Democrats nominating Stephen Douglas

    • Southern Democrats choosing John C. Breckinridge


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