The disappearing coral reef
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The Disappearing Coral Reef. Healthy Reef : biodiversity, brightly colored healthy coral Dead/Dying Reef : coral bleaching, limited flora and fauna (wait for video to load). Carysfort Reef. 1975. 1985. So, Why Are Reefs Important. Densest and most varied ecosystem on Earth

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Healthy Reef : biodiversity, brightly colored healthy coral

Dead/Dying Reef : coral bleaching, limited flora and fauna

(wait for video to load)


Carysfort reef
Carysfort Reef

1975

1985


So why are reefs important
So, Why Are Reefs Important

  • Densest and most varied ecosystem on Earth

  • Rain Forest of the ocean

  • Home to 25% of all marine life

  • Beginning of the marine food chain

  • Coral Reefs cover only 0.07% - 0.2% of ocean floor


And the problem is
And the Problem Is?

  • 27% have been lost

  • 60% are at serious risk

  • 32% could be lost in next 20 years

  • It’s predicted that in as little as 50 years ALL coral reefs could be dead


Natural coral reefs of florida
Natural Coral Reefs of Florida

http://www.dep.state.fl.us/coastal/habitats/coral.htm



Coral bleaching
Coral Bleaching

www.gbrmpa.gov.au

www.science.uts.edu.au


What s killing the coral
What’s Killing the Coral

  • Natural Stressors

    • Diseases

      • Black Band

      • White Band

      • White Plague

      • Aspergillosis

    • Predators

      • Diadema (urchins)

      • COTs (starfish)

      • Drupella (snail)

    • Weather Events


Localized anthropogenic stressors
Localized Anthropogenic Stressors

(That’s things we do)

  • Boating

  • Fishing

    • Overfishing

    • Poisoning/Bombing

  • Collecting

    • Tropical Fish

    • Coral Mining

  • Diving

  • Devastation of Mangrove Forests


Global stressors
Global Stressors

  • Silting

  • Fertilizer Run-off

  • Effluent Discharge

  • Industrial Pollution

  • Global Warming

    • Increased sea temperature

    • Increased ocean depth


What s being done on a global scale
What’s Being Done on a Global Scale

  • 2008 declared International Year of the Reef

  • 2006 – Bush designated 140,000 Sq Mi off Hawaii as a National Marine Sanctuary

  • International Coral Reef Initiative


What can i do
What can I do?

  • Educate yourself and your friends

  • Reduce your CO2 footprint

  • Become an informed consumer

  • Become active in reef protection/restoration organizations

    • http://www.reefrelief.org/

    • http://www.seacology.org/

    • http://www.coralreef.gov/

    • http://www.projectaware.org


Credits and references
Credits and References

  • Video compliments of: http://www.reefvid.org

  • http://www.solcomhouse.com/greatbarrierreef.htm

  • http://www.reefcheck.org

  • http://www.reef.org

  • http://www.coral.org



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