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Non-fiction Review . English 1. Warm-Up 1/2/2013. Edit the following sentence: tony was to have gave we boys the movie reviews to right for the school newspaper however some other students writed it. We will cover …. Authors Purpose Independent and Dependent Clauses Fragments/ Run-ons

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Non-fiction Review

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Non fiction review

Non-fiction Review

English 1


Warm up 1 2 2013

Warm-Up 1/2/2013

  • Edit the following sentence:

    tony was to have gave we boys the movie reviews to right for the school newspaper however some other students writed it


We will cover

We will cover …

  • Authors Purpose

  • Independent and Dependent Clauses

  • Fragments/ Run-ons

  • Parts of Speech

  • Fact vs. Opinion

  • Main Idea and Supporting Details


Author s purpose

Author’s Purpose

English I


How does this look on the eoc

How does this look on the EOC?

1. What is the author’s main purpose in writing this selection?

A. to warn against the dangers of smoking cigarettes

B.to describe the life of a country doctor

C.to compare the jobs of rural and city doctors

D.to argue for the importance of a good bedside manner


Author s purpose1

Author’s Purpose

  • Every writer has a purpose in mind when he/she writes.

  • The purpose that the writer chooses will determine what kind of style, word choice, and structure he or she will use.

  • You can determine the author's purpose by watching the clues in word choice, style, tone, point of view, and structure

  • Authors write for three main reasons: to inform, to entertain, or to persuade.


To inform

To Inform

  • To teach

  • To give information to the reader

    • Just the facts, please! The writer leaves out his or her personal opinions.

    • The writer knows what he or she is talking about.

    • The writing is objective and presents both sides of an issue

    • Examples are: News articles, Textbooks, Biographies, Documentaries, Book Reports, Instruction Manuals, Charts, Graphs, Tables, and Maps


To entertain

To Entertain

  • To hold the attention of the reader through enjoyment

    • Includes fiction, like mystery novels, as well as plays, poems, short stories, and comic books.

    • Will often include factual information, and they will often include the author's opinion or characters' opinions. But overall, the purpose is the reader's enjoyment

  • Examples are: Novels, Short Stories, Poetry, and Drama


To persuade

To Persuade

  • To convince the reader of a certain point of view

    • Tries to convince the reader to agree with an opinion, but the author will probably use facts to build a strong argument.

    • Part of being a good reader is noticing what the writer doesn't say.

    • If the author presents lots of facts, but they only inform you about one side of an issue, the purpose is probably to persuade.

  • Examples are Advertisements, Editorials, Essays, and Campaign Speeches


How do we identify the purpose

How do we identify the purpose?

Think:

  • Who is the intended audience?

  • What facts are identified facts?

  • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader?

  • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something?

  • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions. 


What is the purpose of the text below

What is the purpose of the text below?

  • Ex.1: Most experienced drivers would agree that while it is more exhilarating to ride a motorcycle than to drive an automobile, it is foolish to think that this leads to careless driving and, therefore more accidents, deaths, and injuries occur to motorcycle riders than car drivers.

  • Who is the intended audience?

  • What facts are identified facts?

  • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader?

  • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something?

  • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions. 


The writer s purpose in example number one was to persuade

The writer’s purpose in example number one was to persuade.


What is the purpose of the text below1

What is the purpose of the text below?

  • Ex.2: Every fourth of July, Ralph invites his whole family to stay on the lake and make up a jeg. They called new dances “jegs.” They danced, pranced and usually did a little shake. They stuck out one leg and gave it a wiggle, aunt Lilly was so big hers started to jiggle. They moved the one leg and Jim said it was a cranky jeg. The 5 year old little brother stood up and said no it’s the stanky leg.

  • Who is the intended audience?

  • What facts are identified facts?

  • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader?

  • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something?

  • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions. 


The writer s purpose in example number two is to entertain

The writer’s purpose in example number two is to entertain.


What is the purpose of the text below2

What is the purpose of the text below?

  • Ex. 3: There are nine historically Black Greek letter organizations that make up the National Pan-Hellenic Council. Collectively, these organizations are referred to as "The Divine Nine." Each of these fraternities and sororities is rich in history - ties to one or more of these organizations may be found in many college-educated Black families in the United States.

  • Who is the intended audience?

  • What facts are identified facts?

  • Are the facts intended to provide knowledge or to entertain the reader?

  • Are the facts being used to convince the reader of something?

  • Identify opinions and personal testimonies for those opinions. 


The purpose of example number three is to inform

The purpose of example number three is to inform.


Identify the author s purpose of this text

Identify the author’s purpose of this text

  • Try the following one on your own, answering all of the questions we have been practicing.

    To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds. And to those nations like ours that enjoy relative plenty, we say we can no longer afford indifference to suffering outside our borders; nor can we consume the world's resources without regard to effect. For the world has changed, and we must change with it. Will you work to help this nation is the question I ask of you.


Keep this in mind as we move on to our reading for today

Keep this in mind as we move on to our reading for today

  • NONFICTION WOOT WOOT!!!!

  • Homework Due tomorrow!


The lost boys

The Lost boys

  • Peter Pan


The lost boys of sudan

The Lost boys of Sudan

  • Video Clip


Non fiction review

MAPS!


Non fiction review

MAPS!


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

  • civil war: conflict between groups in the same country or nation.

  • Emigrant: person who moves from their existing country or region to a new country or region.

  • human migration: the movement of people from one place to another.

  • Immigrant: person who moves to a new country.

  • Refugee: person who flees their home, usually due to natural disaster or political upheaval.

  • Resettlement: transportation of people to a new residential area, usually following a natural or man-made disaster.


Today s reading

Today’s Reading

  • You will read two nonfiction articles today about the lost boys

  • Once you have read each article you need to identify the author’s purpose for each article


Finish early

Finish early?

  • Get started on your Author’s Purpose homework


Closing

Closing:

  • What is your reaction to the Lost boys? How do you think you would handle their situation?

  • Tease for Tomorrow

    • Many of the Lost Boys were resettled in America. Think about the culture shock they faced? What are some things that we take for granted that you think will be new to the lost boys?


Warm up 1 3 2013

Warm- Up: 1/3/2013

Edit the following Sentence:

in march them students will read the short story a visit of charity which was wrote in the twentieth century


Independent dependent clauses

Independent/dependent clauses

English I


Independent and dependent clauses

Independent and Dependent Clauses

  • An independent clause can stand alone.

  • However, a dependent clausecannot stand alone.


Independent and dependent clauses1

Independent and Dependent Clauses

  • An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.

  • It can be a sentence all on its own.

  • Ex: The dark barks.

  • A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and/or a verb but does NOT express a complete thought.

  • It cannot be a complete sentence.

  • Ex: When the dog barks.


Show me your independence

Show me your independence!

Dependent (DC)

Independent (IC)

  • After spring break.

  • Since I stayed up late to watch Kentucky vs. Kansas.

  • After spring break, I counted down the days til the EOC.

  • I was tired since I stayed up late watching Kentucky vs. Kansas.


Dependent clauses dc

Dependent Clauses (DC)

One way to identify a DC is to look for

subordinating conjunctions:

  • after

  • although

  • as

  • because

  • before

  • even if

  • even though

  • if

  • in order that

  • once

  • provided that

  • rather than

  • since

  • so that

  • than

  • that

  • though

  • unlessuntil

  • when

  • whenever

  • where

  • whereas

  • wherever

  • whether

  • while

  • why


What type of clause is it

What type of clause is it?

I N D E P E N D E N T

D E P E N D E N T

“All the women who independent

Throw your hands up at me.”

Kim is always dependent on a man! Reggie Bush, Kris Humphries… and now, Kayne West?


What type of clause is it1

What type of clause is it?

I N D E P E N D E N T

D E P E N D E N T

For the following sentences, identify if they are independent like the Destiny’s Child song, or dependent like Kim Kardashian’s dating life..


Hot seat

HOT SEAT!

  • 3 at a time in order

  • Audience members must be silent unless called on

  • No helping those in the hot seat! (Do NOT shout out answers)

  • No talking during transitions!

  • Everyone must participate!


What type of clause is it2

What type of clause is it?

Duke had a disappointing basketball team.


What type of clause is it3

What type of clause is it?

Even if we have to stay up late.


What type of clause is it4

What type of clause is it?

You should download Nicki Minaj’s song “Starships.”


What type of clause is it5

What type of clause is it?

Because I thought it was going to be warmer today.


Fragments run on s and complete sentences

Fragments, Run-on’s and Complete Sentences

  • Fragments =

    Dependent clause on its own, not a complete thought

  • Run-ons =

    2 or more independent clauses not connected by a conjunction (FANBOYS), comma, or semi-colon.


Correct sentences

Correct Sentences

  • Independent + conjunction + Independent

  • Dependent + Independent

  • Independent

  • Keep in mind you can have as many phrases as you want as long as they make sense and help the sentence make a complete thought:

    • Ex: Before you go to the dance, you need to clean your room, wash the car, mow the lawn, and do the laundry.


Fragment run on or complete

Fragment, Run-on, or Complete?

If you are hungry, the only place that you need to go is Sammy’s Restaurant and there you should order the double bacon burger and fries.


Fragment run on or correct

Fragment, Run-on, or correct?

It is on Seventh Avenue before you reach the mall.


Fragment run on or complete1

Fragment, Run-on, or complete?

I prefer a booth near one of the big screen TVs I can see better that way.


Fragment run on or complete2

Fragment, Run-on, or Complete?

Because Marcus and Christopher are always talking about it.


Fragment run on or complete3

Fragment, Run-on, or Complete?

The long luxurious summers with beautiful flowers, green trees and chirping birds.


What is culture

What is culture?

Culture


Quick read

Quick Read:

  • re-hitting nonfiction!

  • The Lost Boys

    • PAGE 595- 597

    • Starting at “NIGHTIME IN AMERICA?”


Cultural identity

Cultural Identity

  • Imagine never getting to return to your home. How would you keep your traditions alive and make your own home away from home.

  • 3 Video Clips

  • As you go answer the questions in complete sentences.

  • If you finish the questions begin working on your homework (dependent and independent half sheet)


Answer these questions on the back of your paper

Answer these questions on the back of your paper:

  • What is your reaction to the Lost boys? How do you think you would handle their situation?

  • Many of the Lost Boys were resettled in America. Think about the culture shock they faced? What are some things that we take for granted that you think will be new to the lost boys?


Warm up 1 4

Warm-up: 1/4

  • Edit the following sentence:

    your to use one third cup of sugar according to the cookbook desserts made simple

  • Remember you will turn your warm ups (all 3 on one page) after we review the correct answers!


Agenda skill review day

Agenda: Skill Review day

  • Review Main Idea: police blotter

  • Review Fact vs. opinion: group work

  • Video clip (15) (author’s bias)


Inference

Inference

  • An educated guess about something or something based on …


Inference1

Inference

  • An educated guess about something or something based on …

    • What you know (background knowledge)

    • Clues from the text

    • Inference Equation:

    • ______________ + _____________=inference


Independent practice

Independent Practice

  • You will need to use your inferring skills to answer the following sentence.

  • Answer in a 3 to 5 sentence paragraph (with complete sentences of course)

  • Independent and silent

  • 6 min on the clock


What do the following experiences tell you about the boys lives in the camp

What do the following experiences tell you about the boys lives in the camp?

  • Looking over a map of Houston, one boy asks, “Is all of this our village?”

  • “In America, a man can’t touch another man like that. They’ll think you’re a homosexual.”

  • Santino doesn’t save his receipts from his money order and has no proof he has paid his rent.

  • Peter can get into high school because, “In South Sudan, most people aren’t born in hospitals. Our ages are just a guess.”

  • Santino purchases and drives a car without a license.

  • Santino doesn’t think twice about paying the rent for

  • his friends when they lose their jobs.


Fact vs opinion

Fact vs. Opinion

  • A statement of fact expresses only what actually happened, or what could be proven by objective data.

  • A statement ofopinionexpresses an attitude toward something – it makes a judgment, view, or conclusion, or gives an opinion that cannot be proven true or false.


Fact vs opinion1

Fact vs. Opinion

  • To see if something is a fact ask yourself:

    • Can this be proved?

    • Does this tell a thought or a feeling

    • Would this statement be true all the time?


Example

Example:

Fact and Opinion on Jersey Shore

  • Fact: The show features the lives of 8 roommates who live together during the summers at the Jersey Shore.

  • Opinion: The show reinforces negative stereotypes of Italian Americans and should be banned from television.


Author s bias

Author’s Bias

  • When an author presents a informationalpiece but skews the facts to one side or presents opinions as facts.

  • Author’s bias is dangerous because it hurts their credibility, or their believability.


Now put it all together

Now Put it all together

Before we watch the video clip read the excerpt below:

At the beginning of their journey, the boys have a positive view of the U.S.: “We have heard that America is a good place. The journey is like you are going to heaven.” After several months in the U.S., Santino says, “If I was a bird, I would fly to Africa one day and go to the orientation, and tell them that what you are telling people here is all lies.” At the reunion, one of the other boys says, “Life here is challenging. Back in Kakuma we thought of America as so great. But now it’s clear there is no heaven on earth.” In your view, what accounted for their original beliefs and what kinds of things accounted for the change?


Video clip

Video clip

  • Now as we watch the video clip notice the difference in tone and mood.

  • Think about how it differs from the quotes above and the other video clips we saw yesterday.

    • 60 Minutes - The Lost Boys of Sudan

    • http://vimeo.com/26288723


Non fiction review

  • ESSAY:

  • The following essay will be graded as a quiz because you will need all of the skills we have reviewed this week to be successful. You must answer all of the following questions in your essay. This is a formal essay (so use complete sentences, and no contractions or text speak) and should be 5 to 7 complete sentences

  • Questions:

  • What is the main idea of the video clip?

  • How does the clip differ in mood and tone form the quotes above and the other videos we saw?

  • Does this difference show an author’s bias? (Hint: is there a pro-American angle?)

  • How does this impact the purpose of the video? Do you think is purely informational or maybe has a entertainment or persuasive edge?

  • Did they use more facts or opinions to tell us about the Lost Boys?


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