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KOREA’s Initiative for IT Application and the Development of Internet March 1998 WAN-IL CHOI National Computerization Agency. National Computerization Agency. Contents Current Status of Information Infrastructures National IT Initiatives and Policy Internet Development and Policy.

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KOREA’s Initiative for IT Application

and

the Development of Internet

March 1998

WAN-IL CHOI

National Computerization Agency


National Computerization Agency

  • Contents

  • Current Status of Information Infrastructures

  • National IT Initiatives and Policy

  • Internet Development and Policy


National Computerization Agency

Current Status of

Information Infrastructures

  • IT Production

  • PC Diffusion

  • Telecommunications

  • CATV

  • Internet

  • Informatization Index


National Computerization Agency

IT Production

  • Computer and PC Production (million Dollors)

  • ※ exchange rate 800 won/US $

  • 1997. 10 : Computer : 1,734,817 million won (US $2,168)

  • PC : 962,362 million won (US $1,203)


National Computerization Agency

PC Diffusion

  • Number of PCs Sold Domestically(thousands)

  • Number of PCs in Use : 7 Million (as of the end of 1997)

  • Goal set in NBIS (National Basic Information System)

  • - One PC per household by the Year 2000

  • - 10 mil PC’s diffused to offices and homes


National Computerization Agency

Telecommunications

  • Market Structure for Basic Service

    • - KT Monopoly Broken at the Mid, 1991

    • - International Call Carrier : Oligopoly (KT, Dacom, Onse)

    • - Domestic Long Distance : Jan ‘96. Duopoly (KT, Dacom)

    • - Local Calls : Duopoly (KT,Dacom)

  • Telephone Lines per 100 population(1996) : 44.4

    • - U.S. : 62.5 (1995)

    • - Japan : 48.8 (1995)

    • - U.K. : 50.5 (1995)

  • Subscribers of Mobile Communications (thousands)


National Computerization Agency

CATV

  • New Service : on Mar 1995

  • Number of Subscribers

    • - 500,000 (Jan 1996) : 5% of households

    • - 1,700,000 (Mar 1997) : 13.1% of households

    • - 2,002,000 (Jun 1997) : 15.4% of households

    • - 2,452,000 (Feb 1998) : 19% of households

    • - 6,500,000 (by the year 2000, Projection) : 50% of households

  • Time for Diffusion of CATV

  • - 10% of households : 8 ∼ 10 years (Canada, U.S.A.)

  • - 6% of households : 8 years (Japan)


National Computerization Agency

Internet

  • Number of Internet Host Computers (thousands, Jan 1997)

    • ※ 131 : Dec ’97


National Computerization Agency

Informatization Index(Overall) Korea 1990=100

Korea

U.S.

Japan

Singapore

Europe


National Computerization Agency

National IT Initiatives and Policy

  • NBIS, NAIS

  • Master Plan and Strategy for Information Society

  • Korea Information Infrastructure

  • Policy Issues


National Computerization Agency

NBIS(National Basic Information System)

  • First National Initiative of IT Use and Production

    • 1st Five-Year Plan (1987 - 1991)

    • 2nd Five-Year Plan (1992 - 1996)

  • Consensus on the Potentials of IT

    • Industrial Revolution vs. Information Revolution

  • Strong Support by Government

    • Funding Schedule

    • NCB (National Computerization Board)

      • Under the Executive Office of the President

      • Effective Coordination among Government Agencies

      • Computerization Promotion Meeting (Presidential)


National Computerization Agency

NBIS(National Basic Information System)

  • Objective

    • Economic Growth in “Information Age”

    • Use IT to Improve Competitiveness

    • Take a Position of Developed Nation in 21st Century

    • Improve Quality of Life

    • Provide Initial Markets for IT Industries

  • Implementation

    • Administrations

    • Financial Institutions

    • Education and Research

    • National Defense

    • National Security


National Computerization Agency

NAIS(National Administration Information System)

  • Small and Efficient Government

    • 1st Stage : Developing the Separate Systems

    • 2nd Stage : Sharing Information among Agencies

  • Pre-assigned Fund : US $ 200 million (1987 - 1991)

  • Six Subsystems

    • Resident

    • Vehicle

    • Hose and Land

    • Employment

    • Customs Clearance

    • Economic Statistics


National Computerization Agency

Master Plan and Strategy for Information Society

  • Legal Ground

    • Basic Act on Informatization Promotion(1995)

      • Basic guiding principles on building KII and creating information society

      • Basic plan for informatization and implementation

      • Establishment and operation of Informatization Promotion Committee

      • Operation of Informatization Promotion Fund


National Computerization Agency

Master Plan

  • 1st phase(1996-2000):

    • laying the foundation for building a national information network

  • 2nd phase(2001-2005)

    • Spreading the usage of information networks

  • 3rd phase(2006-2010)

    • Promoting a higher level of information network usage


National Computerization Agency

Major programs

  • Promoting projects aimed at accelerated usage of the information network in the public sector

  • Building an information superhighway

  • Creating the desirable environment for the information and communication industry

  • Establishing a legal framework

  • Ensuring information security and standardization


National Computerization Agency

Korea Information Infrastructure

  • Aim: To construct high-speed government and public information networks

    • KII-G: needs of public administration, research institutes, and universities

    • KII-P : needs of industry and general public

  • Construction

    • Operator: Korea Telecommunication, Dacom

    • Fund: US $ 580 million

    • Schedule: completed by 2010


National Computerization Agency

KII and Internet

  • KII promotes the usage of Internet services

  • Internet becomes the integral part of KII

  • Vitalization of Internet as a basis of implementing Electronic government

  • Development of Web based application in the KII


National Computerization Agency

Policy Issues

  • Demand-Pull vs. Supply-Push

    • KII Plan coordinated by Government : Supply-Push Model

    • Experience of Failed System in NBIS due to Insufficient Demand

    • Shifts of Interest to Demand Side

    • Nature of IT

      • Consumer’s potential needs and market demand to be developed

      • Unforeseen yet popular services generated by enabling technologies

    • Interaction and Synergy Effects of Demand and Supply


National Computerization Agency

Policy Issues

  • Roles of Government

    • Strong Leadership in Economic Development Plan

    • Different Environments in Managing the KII Plan

    • Limited Roles of Government

    • Bureaucratic Attitudes Are Still Alive

    • Mixed Attittudes Held by Private Sectors

      • Preferring liberalized business environment

      • Seeking for direct government supports


National Computerization Agency

Internet Development and Policy

History of Internet use in Korea

o 1982 Installment of SDN(System Development Network) between

Seoul National University and Korea Institute of Electronics and

Telecommunication

o 1986 Establishment of KRNIC(Korea Network Information Center) at KAIST

o 1987 Interoperation of SDN with CSNet (9.6Kbps) extending to Research

and Education Network

o 1994 Starting ISP Businesses, Providing Internet services to the Public

o 1994 KRNIC move to NCA(National Computerization Agency)

o 1997 Establishment of Commerce Network in KOREA, stimulating Internet

Commerce


National Computerization Agency

Status of Internet Usage

o Status of Internet in Korea

o Internet Usage for Commerce

- Market size for ‘96 : 6.3 bil won (US $4.2 mil)

- Projection for year 2000 : 61.4 bil won (US $40.9 mil)


National Computerization Agency

Internet and New Businesses

  • Application of Internet Technology to existing Businesses

  • - Banking, Shopping, Distribution, Retailing, etc

  • - Improving Efficiency and Productivity

    • Intra-firms

    • Between firms

    • Between Producers and consumers

  • Generation of New Businesses

  • - Huge Business opportunities provided by Large number of Users connected

  • to the Internet

  • - New production system and distribution channels

  • - Access to cyber market requiring Small Investment


National Computerization Agency

List of Internet Businesses

  • Internet Network Service Providers (NSP) : KT, Dacom

  • Hardware Manufacture

  • Internet Connection Service Providers (ISP) : 22 (‘98.3)

  • ※ Commercial(‘98. 3) : 18, Non Profit ISP : 4

  • Web Hosting Service Providers (WSP) : 120 (‘97)

  • Internet Based S/W Developers

  • Homepage Building Service

  • Internet Contents Providers

  • Internet Telephone and Fax


National Computerization Agency

Restructuring of Industrial Organization and Internet Business

  • Overrule of Large Businesses and Economic Crisis

  • Strategic Shift toward SME’s and Internet Businesses

    • New Government Strategy in favor of Small Businesses

    • Recognition of Internet as a means of Supporting Small Businesses

    • Easy Access to World Market with Modest Investment

    • Internet Technology enabling New Ideas into Businesses along with Venture Capital


National Computerization Agency

Strategies for Development of

Internet Businesses

  • Improvement of Internet Backbone Network

  • Development of Internet Business Services on the CATV Network

  • Government Support for Internet Businesses

  • Promotion of R&D Investment for Internet Technologies

  • Government role in Electronic Commerce

  • Reformation of Regulations, Rules for Promotion of Internet Businesses


National Computerization Agency

Improvement of Internet Backbone network

  • For the Short term : Examine traffic on the existing Internet

    • backbone to solve bottleneck point.

  • For the long term : Use PUBNET and ATM to build Super-

  • high speed Internet backbone

  • - build more IX (Internet exchange point)

    • - 33.6Kbps → 56K bps


  • National Computerization Agency

    Development of Internet Business Services on the CATV Network

    • Merit : Provide Internet Service in low price

    • Bandwidth

    • Status of HFC network


    National Computerization Agency

    Government Support for Internet Businesses

    • Support Model Project of Commercial Activity based on Internet

    • Support Next generation Internet Pilot Project

    • Support APAN (Asia Pacific Advanced network) Activity


    National Computerization Agency

    Promotion of R&D Investment for Internet Technologies

    • Direction

    • - Driving force to develop new technology through Industrial-educational

    • cooperation

    • - positive utilization of Forward Delivery Trial Network to verify Internet

    • technology which will be developed

    • - Reinforce exchange information between Standardization and R& D


    National Computerization Agency

    Government Roles in EC

    • Constructing technical infrastructure

      • EC related technology

      • Standards for electronic document

      • Physical network infrastructure

    • Preparing legal and institutional arrangement

    • Constructing the environment for elevating the social acknowledgement on EC

    • Establishing the national strategy for issues on global EC and internal cooperation


    Government initiatives for ec in korea

    National Computerization Agency

    Government initiatives for EC In Korea

    • Government took full initiatives in major areas during the introduction of EDI in Korea

      • logistics, customs, taxation, procurement

    • Market formation as a investor and a user

    • Promulgated independent EDI law for the first time in the world(1992)

    • EDI is considered an integral part of the major social overhead capital

    • MOTI(Ministry of Trade and Industry) and MIC(Ministry of Information) are major actors in EC policy.


    National Computerization Agency

    Policy direction in Internet based EC

    • Foster market mechanism and private sector initiatives

    • More focus on production and logistics than consumption

    • Active participation to Int’l cooperation

    • Effective division of responsibility among government and private sector


    National Computerization Agency

    Some Measure for Expansion of EC over the Internet

    • Tariffs on Internet transaction

      • Visible merchandise : tariff as present

      • Invisible product : tentatively tariff-free

    • Regulation on Contents

      • Development of consumer protect measure

      • Self regulation against harmful contents

    • Preparation of Electronic Fund Transfer Act (during 1998)

    • Operation of EC supporting Center for SME’s

    • Launching and supporting EC pilot project in the public &

      private sector

      • Risk taking and awareness elevation



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