Love and sexuality
Download
1 / 31

Love and Sexuality - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 156 Views
  • Uploaded on

Love and Sexuality. Love in American culture What is love? Theoretical approaches Sexual values and standards Sex in marriage Premarital sex and pregnancy Gay and lesbian sexuality. Historically. Love, sex, marriage were separate 19 th century: love as pure, spiritual

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Love and Sexuality' - mervyn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Love and sexuality
Love and Sexuality

  • Love in American culture

  • What is love? Theoretical approaches

  • Sexual values and standards

  • Sex in marriage

  • Premarital sex and pregnancy

  • Gay and lesbian sexuality


Historically
Historically

  • Love, sex, marriage were separate

  • 19th century: love as pure, spiritual

  • Marriage as companionship

  • 1920’s: sexual liberation

  • Today: love, sex before marriage


Cultural views of love ann swidler

Mythic (Youthful)

Choice

Rebellion

Self-realization

Sexual expression

Prosaic (Mature)

Commitment

Attachment

Self-sacrifice

Restraint

Cultural Views of Love(Ann Swidler)


What is love schacter
What is Love? Schacter

  • Psychology of emotion

  • All emotions have 2 components

    • Physiological arousal

    • Definition of situation (labeling of emotion)


What is love reiss wheel theory
What is Love? Reiss: Wheel Theory

Sociocultural Background

Role conceptions

Intimacy

Needs

Rapport

Mutual dependency

Self-

revelation


What is love sternberg triangular theory

3 components to love relationships:

What is Love? Sternberg: Triangular Theory

Intimacy

Passion

Decision/commitment


Triangles can take different shapes

“Match” b/t partners’ triangles is crucial

I

Infatuation

I

D/C

P

I

Empty love

P

D/C

Romantic

love

P

D/C


What is Love? Shaver: Attachment Theory

  • Lover as attachment object

  • All love relationships are the same:

    • Bond depends on AO’s response

    • Happier if AO present

    • Share more with AO

    • Feel at one with AO



2 stages of love

Passionate love

Sexually charged, early in relationship

Companionate love

Affection and partnership; long-lasting

2 Stages of love


Sexual value systems gecas and libby
Sexual Value Systems (Gecas and Libby)

  • Traditional-religious (began in colonial times)

  • Romantic (late 19th century)

  • Recreational (historically applied to men; more recently to women)

  • Utilitarian-predatory (probably always existed)


Sexual standards 2002 gss

Premarital sex: acceptable for adults, not young teens

Homosexuality: Divided opinions

Extramarital sex: not acceptable

Sexual Standards, 2002 (GSS)


Sex in marriage
Sex in Marriage

Is monogamous

Is part of wider life context

Involves decisions about parenthood

More likely to involve contraception



Teenage premarital sex
Teenage premarital sex

% of never-married teenagers who ever had intercourse, 2002



Age at first intercourse
Age at first intercourse

Never married teens, ages 15-19, 2002


Of partners last 12 months
# of partners, last 12 months

Never married teens, ages 15-19, 2002


Not using contraception at first intercourse
% not using contraception at first intercourse

Never married teens, ages 15-19, 2002



Conclusions teen sexual behavior
Conclusions: Teen sexual behavior

  • Most teens have had sex by age 18

  • Boys, minorities start earlier

  • Typical age is around 15-16

  • Most have had 0 or 1 partners in 12 mos.

  • Sex is spontaneous, opportunistic, infrequent

  • Birth control is often overlooked

    • 10% of teen girls 15-19 become pregnant each year


The teen pregnancy problem
The Teen Pregnancy “Problem”

1/3 of teen pregnancies end in abortion

Teen pregnancy rate has declined, but

Most teen births occur outside of marriage

Blacks: 96%

Whites, Hispanics: 72%

Many teen mothers keep and raise children today


Alternative life course theory

Giving birth as alternative entry to adulthood

Maybe few other “good” choices

Grandmothers willing to raise grandchildren

Community accepts and supports this

Lack of “eligible” husbands

Alternative Life-Course Theory


Consequences for teenage mothers

Lower education

Lower income

More likely to need public assistance

More likely to divorce

Some of these “disadvantages” due to “selection effect”

Consequences for Teenage Mothers


Gay and lesbian sexuality

Sexual identity: self-identity as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual

Research supports biological component

Studies of twins, brothers

May run in families

Environmental factors may play a role

Controversial – has political implications

Gay and Lesbian Sexuality


Emergence of homosexuality

Ignored bisexualuntil late 19th century

Sexual acts divided into wrong/not wrong

OK to express intimate feelings for same sex

Late 1800s: anti-homosexuality campaign

Defined as abnormal, mental illness

Medical model stigmatized homosexuals

Emergence of “Homosexuality”


1948 kinsey report
1948: Kinsey Report bisexual

50% of men reported erotic feeling toward other men

1/3 had one experience with another man

Estimated 10% of men were exclusively homosexual

More recent surveys: 4.1 % of men and 2.2 % women


Late 20 th century

1950’s: Homosexuals labeled “security risks” by govt. bisexual

1960s: Civil rights, women’s movements - term “gay” emerged

2003: Supreme Court struck down laws against homosexual relations

Today: Much dissent about gay marriage

Consensual unions, domestic partners more accepted

Late 20th Century


Objections to gay marriage
Objections to Gay Marriage bisexual

  • Don’t want to sanction “immoral” behavior

  • Seen as threat to traditional marriage

  • Cost of providing employee benefits to more people

    • already being done in many organizations

    • actual costs have been small


Why gay marriage
Why Gay Marriage? bisexual

  • Gives gays more acceptance, support

  • Provides legal rights of spouse:

    • Beneficiary of employee’s pension, insurance

    • Joint income tax return

    • Social Security benefits, inheritance

    • Joint responsibility for children

    • Visitation w/children after divorce

    • Make decisions if spouse is unable


Summary love and sexuality
Summary: Love and Sexuality bisexual

  • Shift from economics to emotional bond

  • Growth of alternatives to marriage

  • Result:

    • marriage as voluntary

    • marriage based on love, compatibility

    • sex before marriage

    • family as individually defined

    • More acceptance of homosexuality


ad