disorders of the endocrine system
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Disorders of the Endocrine System. Disease Occurs due to Irregular Amounts of Hormones Being Produced. Hyperfunction: too much hormone being produced Hypofunction: not enough hormone being produced. Gigantism.

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disease occurs due to irregular amounts of hormones being produced
Disease Occurs due to Irregular Amounts of Hormones Being Produced
  • Hyperfunction: too much hormone being produced
  • Hypofunction: not enough hormone being produced
gigantism
Gigantism
  • Hyperfunction of the pituitary so too much growth hormone is produced during childhood
  • Symptoms:
    • Excessive height
acromegaly
Acromegaly
  • Hyperfunction of the pituitary so too much growth hormone is produced in adulthood
  • Symptoms: Overdevelopment of bones in the face, hands, and feet; protruding chin
dwarfism
Dwarfism
  • Hypofunction of the pituitary so not enough growth hormone is produced in childhood
  • Symptoms: Short stature
hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid produces too much thyroxine
  • Symptoms:
    • Goiter: Enlargement of the thyroid gland
    • Exophthalmos: Bulging eyeballs
hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism
  • Thyroid does not produce enough thyroxine
  • Symptoms:
    • Obesity
    • Dry, itchy skin
    • Dry, brittle hair
    • Muscle cramps
tetany
Tetany
  • Hyperfunction of the parathyroid causing it to produce too much parathyroid hormone
  • Decreased calcium levels effect the function of the nerves
  • Symptoms:
    • Convulsive twitching develops
    • Person dies due to spasms of the respiratory muscles
cushings syndrome
Cushings’ Syndrome
  • Hyperfunction of the adrenal cortex which causes and increase in adrenocorticosteroids
  • Symptoms:
    • Obesity
    • Muscle weakness
    • High blood pressure
    • Excessive hair growth
    • Buffalo hump
addison s disease
Addison’s Disease
  • Hypofunction of the adrenal cortex results in not enough adrendocorticosteriods produced
  • Symptoms:
    • Bronzing of the skin
    • Not enough glucose in the blood
    • Low blood pressure
diabetes mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
  • Hypofuction of the pancreas causing a decrease in insulin production
  • Too much glucose is left in the blood
  • Symptoms:
    • Increased hunger and thirst
    • Increased urination
    • Weight loss
    • Blurred vision
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