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Ancient Rome. Its Culture and Legacy. Greco-Roman Culture. Territories taken over were governed in the same way By 2 nd century BCE- started to adopt Greek culture Educated Romans started to learn Greek Greek + Hellenistic + Roman culture = Greco-Roman Culture (AKA Classical Civilization)

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ancient rome

Ancient Rome

Its Culture and Legacy

greco roman culture
Greco-Roman Culture

Territories taken over were governed in the same way

By 2nd century BCE- started to adopt Greek culture

Educated Romans started to learn Greek

Greek + Hellenistic + Roman culture = Greco-Roman Culture (AKA Classical Civilization)

Adapted Greek ways and blended it into their own

fine arts
Fine Arts

Learned sculpting from the Greeks

Greek sculptures known for beauty and idealism

Roman sculptures known for realistic quality (like a portrait)

Roman art served practical purpose (education)

roman mosaic
Pictures made by setting small pieces of stone or glass onto a surface.

Most Roman villas had at least 1 colored mosaic

Roman Mosaic
video clip on pompeii and mt vesuvius
Video Clip on Pompeii and Mt. Vesuvius

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dn14wkg0mhM&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

philosophy
Philosophy

Borrowed philosophy from the Greeks

Stoicism was influential because it encouraged virtue, duty, moderation, and endurance

Why would the Romans like this?

Emperor Marcus Aurelius (last good emperor) was a Stoic

virgil s aeneid
Inspired by Greek literature

Took 10 years to write

Epic about Aeneas

Modeled after Homer

Virgil’s Aeneid
language
Language
  • Latin remained the language of learning even after the fall of the Roman Empire
  • Official language of Roman Catholic Church
  • Adopted by different peoples and developed into (Romance Languages)
      • French
      • Spanish
      • Portuguese
      • Italian
      • Romanian
technology roman arches
Important architectural feature in Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EO1NQy4oyJs&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

Technology: Roman Arches
colosseum
Began by Emperor Vespasian and completed by sons Titus and Domitian

Hosted:

Gladiator fights

Executions of Christians

Animals being hunted

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dfSTZUEH95Q&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

Colosseum
the forum
Center for Roman life: elections, speeches, trials, business affairs

Originally a marketplace

Surrounded by a few important ancient government buildings

The Forum
ptolemy
Ptolemy

Greek-Roman citizen who lived in Egypt

Astronomy: Almanac for astronomical predictions, physical realization of the universe, identified constellations

Geography: Mapped out known world (inhabited by Rome or not) and instructed others how to map it out

Book on astrology

Music in a mathematical light (expanded on Pythagoras)

Optics: book on vision and the eye

medicine
More of an emphasis on public health

Built Public Bathes to keep clean

Public water systems (aqueducts)

Built medical schools

Medicine
religion
Religion

Started as Roman mythology (note where the planets got their names)

Christianity became Imperial religion and one of the most popular religions worldwide.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vb8R2S-qq7o&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

roman law
Roman Law

Law should be fair and applied equally to all people

People were INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY

Burden of proof rests with the accuser rather than the accused

People should be punished for actions NOT THOUGHTS

Any law that was unreasonable or unfair could be set aside

Stemmed from the Twelve Tables

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