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Ancient Rome. Its Culture and Legacy. Greco-Roman Culture. Territories taken over were governed in the same way By 2 nd century BCE- started to adopt Greek culture Educated Romans started to learn Greek Greek + Hellenistic + Roman culture = Greco-Roman Culture (AKA Classical Civilization)

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Ancient rome

Ancient Rome

Its Culture and Legacy


Greco roman culture
Greco-Roman Culture

Territories taken over were governed in the same way

By 2nd century BCE- started to adopt Greek culture

Educated Romans started to learn Greek

Greek + Hellenistic + Roman culture = Greco-Roman Culture (AKA Classical Civilization)

Adapted Greek ways and blended it into their own


Fine arts
Fine Arts

Learned sculpting from the Greeks

Greek sculptures known for beauty and idealism

Roman sculptures known for realistic quality (like a portrait)

Roman art served practical purpose (education)


Bas relief sculpting

Bas-relief sculpting (images projecting from a flat background) peaked during reign of Augustus

Bas-Relief Sculpting


Roman mosaic

Pictures made by setting small pieces of stone or glass onto a surface.

Most Roman villas had at least 1 colored mosaic

Roman Mosaic


Frescoes

Large murals painted directly on the wall a surface.

Most famous are from Pompeii

Frescoes


Video clip on pompeii and mt vesuvius
Video Clip on Pompeii and Mt. Vesuvius a surface.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dn14wkg0mhM&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active


Philosophy
Philosophy a surface.

Borrowed philosophy from the Greeks

Stoicism was influential because it encouraged virtue, duty, moderation, and endurance

Why would the Romans like this?

Emperor Marcus Aurelius (last good emperor) was a Stoic


Virgil s aeneid

Inspired by Greek literature a surface.

Took 10 years to write

Epic about Aeneas

Modeled after Homer

Virgil’s Aeneid


Language
Language a surface.

  • Latin remained the language of learning even after the fall of the Roman Empire

  • Official language of Roman Catholic Church

  • Adopted by different peoples and developed into (Romance Languages)

    • French

    • Spanish

    • Portuguese

    • Italian

    • Romanian



Technology roman arches

Important architectural feature in Rome a surface.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EO1NQy4oyJs&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

Technology: Roman Arches


Technology aqueducts

Designed to bring water into cities and towns a surface.

Supported by arches

Technology – Aqueducts


Architecture pantheon

Place to worship the Roman gods a surface.

Architecture: Pantheon



Colosseum

Began by Emperor Vespasian and completed by sons Titus and Domitian

Hosted:

Gladiator fights

Executions of Christians

Animals being hunted

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dfSTZUEH95Q&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active

Colosseum


The forum

Center for Roman life: elections, speeches, trials, business affairs

Originally a marketplace

Surrounded by a few important ancient government buildings

The Forum


Ptolemy
Ptolemy affairs

Greek-Roman citizen who lived in Egypt

Astronomy: Almanac for astronomical predictions, physical realization of the universe, identified constellations

Geography: Mapped out known world (inhabited by Rome or not) and instructed others how to map it out

Book on astrology

Music in a mathematical light (expanded on Pythagoras)

Optics: book on vision and the eye


Medicine

More of an emphasis on public health affairs

Built Public Bathes to keep clean

Public water systems (aqueducts)

Built medical schools

Medicine


Religion
Religion affairs

Started as Roman mythology (note where the planets got their names)

Christianity became Imperial religion and one of the most popular religions worldwide.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vb8R2S-qq7o&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active


Roman law
Roman Law affairs

Law should be fair and applied equally to all people

People were INNOCENT UNTIL PROVEN GUILTY

Burden of proof rests with the accuser rather than the accused

People should be punished for actions NOT THOUGHTS

Any law that was unreasonable or unfair could be set aside

Stemmed from the Twelve Tables


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