People went west looking for farmland and gold.
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People went west looking for farmland and gold. They passed through the Great Plains & over the Rocky Mountains. Pike’s Peak or Bust. Men went to the Rockies to dig for gold. “ Gold Rush ” – people went in search of making it Rich !

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People went west looking for farmland and gold.

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People went west looking for farmland and gold.

They passed through the Great Plains & over the Rocky Mountains.


Pike’s Peak or Bust

  • Men went to the Rockies to dig for gold.

  • “Gold Rush” – people went in search of making it Rich!

  • Comstock Lode – one of the richest silver & gold strikes ever


  • Strike – the discovery of gold or silver

  • Lode – a source of ore


Miner tools

Pan

Picks

Shovels

Sifter

Spoons

Knife

Lamps

rope

Explosives

wheelbarrow


Mining Camp to Boom Town

  • As soon as gold or silver was found people hurried to the site.

  • Miners and shop keepers often lived in tents

  • Sometimes women set up cook tents and sold meals

  • Whole cities grew up near sites

  • If the strike was rich – wood buildings would replace tents

  • Boom town – a town that grows quickly around a gold/silver strike


Helps Settle the West

  • Discovery of gold and silver help settle the west

  • Populations grew and asked for statehood.

  • Colorado, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho


Mining Companies

  • Groups of wealthy men formed companies and bought out miners claims.

  • Miners made very little money

  • Mine owners made millions

  • Those that opened stores made money too.


Cattle Herding

  • Open range – no fences on the Plains

  • Cattle roamed across the Southern Plains

  • Texans hired cowhands to round up herds


  • Cowhands moved herds to railheads

  • Railheads – stations were ranchers sold cattle to buyers

  • Cattle then shipped in cars to meatpacking plants


  • 2-3 months to move cattle on cattle drives

  • Cattle drives – the moving of the cattle

  • Long, dusty, dangerous

  • 12+ cowhands on horseback moved 2,000 or more restless cattle.


Cowboy Clothes

Clothes had a purpose!

bandanna

Wide brim hat

spurs

Chaps

lasso

saddle

boots

Branding iron


  • Cattle were branded so ranchers knew who they belonged to.


The End of the Open Range

  • Ranchers also sold to mining camps, US Army, and other ranchers

  • Too many cattle for sale = price dropped

  • Farmers moved onto the plains and put up fences

  • The days of the open range and long cattle drives were over.


Homework

  • Create a brand that you could use, if you were a cowboy or cowgirl to mark your cattle. Here are some examples.


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