slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
For the Institute for University Ethics, Aug. 9, 2005 Bemidji State University

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

For the Institute for University Ethics, Aug. 9, 2005 Bemidji State University - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 73 Views
  • Uploaded on

"Sustainability as an Environmental Ethic: Comparative Perspectives from Social Science and Indigenous Knowledge" Patrick G. Welle, Ph.D. For the Institute for University Ethics, Aug. 9, 2005 Bemidji State University. Sustainability from a social science perspective.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' For the Institute for University Ethics, Aug. 9, 2005 Bemidji State University' - merlin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

"Sustainability as an Environmental Ethic: Comparative Perspectives from Social Science and Indigenous Knowledge"Patrick G. Welle, Ph.D.

For the Institute for University Ethics,

Aug. 9, 2005

Bemidji State University

sustainability from a social science perspective
Sustainability from a social science perspective
  • a standard for intergenerational equity,
  • extension of the Rawlsian Maxi-Min Principle. John Rawls, modern philosopher from Harvard, recently deceased. “A Theory of Justice” Also noted for describing just formation of social contract from behind a veil of ignorance.
  • Rawls application to current generation is a theory of justice to maximize the position of the least well off, hence “maximin principle”
rawlsian maxi min principle applied to intergenerational equity
Rawlsian Maxi-Min Principle applied to intergenerational equity
  • Maximize the position of the least well off generation
  • Conventional economic approach of dynamic efficiency (maximize the present value of future net benefits to society) makes no judgment about fairness between generations. Discounting to max. present value could yield return on investment to future generations or could bankrupt them, i.e. degrade the planet
sustainability explicitly recognizes intergenerational equity
Sustainability explicitly recognizes intergenerational equity
  • Raises question about fairness in opportunity for well-being across generations
  • 3 Major Schools of Thought

Can be distinguished by the assumptions about substitutability between physical and natural capital

3 major schools of thought
3 Major Schools of Thought
  • No Substitutability: No replacement for natural capital, so only fair if we pass on permanent flow of ecological services
  • Weak to Strong Substitutability: Can use emerging technology (physical capital) somewhat to replace natural capital (degraded environment)
  • Strong to Perfect Substitutability: Can use emerging technology (physical capital) to replace natural capital (degraded environment) so technological advancement guarantees that future generations will have increasing opportunity for well being
indigenous ethic of the seventh generation
Indigenous Ethic of the Seventh Generation
  • Ideas pertaining to an environmental ethic and the Seventh Generation
  • (see "The Mishomis Book" on Anishinabe Traditions)

Gidakiimanaan: expansive notion of relation to the Creator

Sustainable development for the seventh generation is defined as: Meeting major human needs for the seventh generation-- including historical, legal, cultural, spiritual, ethical, political, technological/scientific, and economic—and extending the opportunity to satisfy aspirations for a better life without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their needs (Davis, 2000; World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987).

native hawaiian culture
Native Hawaiian Culture
  • Native Hawaiian Cultural Values:

Aloha Aina as a way of life (more than an “Ethic”) means Love of the Land

Not just outcome, but community process

Ahupua’a System of integrating human and natural communities

and interconnectedness

danger of monoculture
Danger of Monoculture
  • Ecological Monoculture recognized as a weakening of the system, less biodiversity means less resistance to disturbance, less resilience, susceptible to crash
  • Need to recognize analogy to dangers from human/social monoculture
the concept of wilderness as a case study
The Concept of "Wilderness" as a Case Study
  • The concept of "Wilderness" Western Culture stresses this as a separate place from other types of places and separate from Humans
  • contrasts between the philosophical construct of instrumental versus intrinsic values
  • Also contrasts to the indigenous concept of "nature as home."
what role for universities in fostering sustainability
What Role for Universities in Fostering Sustainability?
  • What Obligation to raise awareness of risks of a degraded future? If hold view that Western worldview will destroy the planet?
  • An ethic recognizing absolute ecological limits as opposed to social science where all constraints can be relaxed or circumvented, “It’s just about trade-offs”
  • Sustainable campus & community
sustainable campus community
Sustainable campus & community
  • Not only “Think Globally, Act Locally” but “Think Sustainability, Act Now”
  • BSU Efforts

- Signing the Talloires Declaration

- Participation in NWF Campus Ecology Program - Establishment of Sustainable Campus Endowment

questions for discussion
Questions for Discussion
  • Role of Universities?
  • Moral Responsibility when Sustainability Ethic is at Odds with Social Mission of Existing Economic and Political Power Structure? i.e. “Economic Progress” that will degrade the planet
ad