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Nordic Institute of Navigation. e-Navigation Conference Oslo 2007-10-16/17 Status of LRIT. Rolf Zetterberg Swedish Maritime Safety Inspectorate. Background.

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Rolf Zetterberg Swedish Maritime Safety Inspectorate

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Rolf zetterberg swedish maritime safety inspectorate

Nordic Institute of Navigation

e-Navigation Conference

Oslo 2007-10-16/17

Status of LRIT

Rolf Zetterberg

Swedish Maritime Safety Inspectorate


Background

Background

  • IMO Diplomatic Conferensce, Dec 2002, adopted:- Chapter XI-2 of SOLAS- ISPS CodeShip and Port Facility Security Code- A resolution on the development of a system for Long Range Identification and Tracking – LRIT


Background1

Background

  • IMO Maritime Safety Committe, May 2006, adopted:- Regulation V/19-1 on LRIT- Performance Standards and Functional Requirements for the Long-Range Identification and Tracking of Ships- Arrangements for the Timely Establishment of the Long-Range Identification and Tracking System.


Background2

Background

  • MSC also established an:Ad hoc Working Group on engineering aspects of LRIT (Chaired by Canada)


The lrit system ships involved

The LRIT system – ships involved

  • Ships in international voyages- Passenger ships- Cargo ships over 300 t- Mobile plattforms

  • Ships with AIS and only sailing in A1 areas does not need to transmit LRIT-data.


The lrit system information to transmit

The LRIT system – information to transmit

  • Identity

  • Position

  • Date and time


The lrit system update interval

The LRIT system – update interval

  • Default value 6 h

  • Update interval remotely selectable

  • Minimum interval 15 min

  • May be switched off by the master under certain conditions


The lrit system communication technique

The LRIT system – communication technique

  • The technical means are not specified

  • In practice – satellite communication and in most cases probably existing GMDSS equipment.(old equipment may not allways meet the requirements)


The lrit system main components

The LRIT system – main components

  • CSP – Communication Service ProviderASP – Application Service Provider

  • DC – Data Center National RegionalCo-operativeInternational

  • IDE – International Data Exchange

  • LRIT Data Distribution Plan

  • LRIT Co-ordinator


The lrit data center

The LRIT Data Center

  • Each Contracting Goverment should chose a data Center to which all the ships flying its flag should send their LRIT information.

  • The data Center should be connected to the International Data Exchange

  • The CG should request LRIT data via its chosen Data Center


Access to lrit information

Access to LRIT information

A Flag state has allways the right to accessthe information for ships in its own register

A Port state has the right to access when a ship has declared its intention to go to a port in that state - but not if the ship is in the the territorial waters of another state

A Coastal state has the right to access for ships within 1000 Nm from its coast - but not if the ship is in the the territorial waters of another state


Access to lrit information1

Access to LRIT information

The access rigths belongs to the state - ”Contracting Government to IMO” and for its Competent Authorities. Other use is not allowed.

SAR organisations can have access whenever needed


The lrit system financing

The LRIT system – financing

  • Basic principle: ”The user pay”The requester of information should bear the cost incl any overhead cost(Cost/message depending on the total demand)

  • SAR services have access for free

  • Shipowner pay for onboard equipment

  • IMO and CG:s will have to pay for the organisation and control of system


The lrit system financing1

The LRIT system – financing

  • CG:s adhering to the Intenational Data Center and not requesting any LRIT data shall not have to pay anything

  • CG: adhering to a national, regional or co-operative Data Center are cosidered as requesting all mandatory reports from own ships and bear the cost for these. (irrespective of if any LRIT data is requested or not)


Lrit in eu council decision october 2 nd 07

LRIT in EU – Council decision October 2:nd -07

  • EMSA to establish a European (EU) LRIT Data Center for MS plus Norway and Iceland

  • Exchange of data between MS

  • Integration into SafeSeaNet

  • Propose to IMO that AIS (SRIT) replace LRIT for ships within AIS coverage


Lrit in eu council decision october 2 nd 071

LRIT in EU – Council decision October 2:nd -07

  • The costs arising from the minimum SOLAS requirements concerning LRIT, the four daily reports sent by ships flying the flag of a Member State, should be covered by the Community budget

  • Costs for additional reports should be futher discussed but the basic principle of ”user pay” is the base.


Rolf zetterberg swedish maritime safety inspectorate

Further, future possibilities in SSN

LCA

LCA

LCA

National Level

BS

BS

BS

BS

BS

NCA1

NCA2

NCA2

MS1 AIS

MS2 AIS

MS3 AIS

MS4 AIS

MS5 AIS

. . . . .

MSx AIS

Regional

Level

Region

Baltic

Region

North Sea

Region

Mediterranean

Other Region

Other

sensors

EU Level

SRIT

Satellite

Imagery

S&LRIT

SSN EIS

LRIT

Data Centre

LRIT


Imo msc decisions last week

IMO MSC decisions – last week

  • LRIT may be used for safety och marine environment protection purposes as well

  • No CG or organisation offered to establish the International Data Center. Only national, co-operative or regional Data Centers.

  • US offer to establish the International Data Exchnage was accepted


Msc decisions last week

MSC decisions – last week

  • The time schedule was discussed in length, but was not changed.

  • An Ad Hoc group established to monitor the development and mandated to make minor changes of the specifications as required.

  • Consequence of decisions: Since no IDC is established all CG:s will have to pay for the mandatory 4 meesages/ship and day


Rolf zetterberg swedish maritime safety inspectorate

Thank You for your attention!

Rolf Zetterberg

[email protected]


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