Islam s art medicine science technology
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Islam’s Art, Medicine, Science & Technology. Diana Calderon Period 8. Islam’s Art. Islam (Muslim) World. a rt included: pottery textiles rugs ceramics carved wood involved geometric figures and patterns designs created the impression of unending repetition

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Islam’s Art, Medicine, Science & Technology

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Islam s art medicine science technology

Islam’sArt, Medicine, Science & Technology

Diana Calderon

Period 8


Islam s art

Islam’s Art

Islam (Muslim) World

  • art included:

    • pottery

    • textiles

    • rugs

    • ceramics

    • carved wood

  • involved geometric figures and patterns

  • designs created the impression of unending repetition

    • represent infinite nature of God

  • had taken variety of forms in different part of the Islam world

    • Spain, North Africa, India & the Middle East

  • forms they used included:

    • Muqarnas

    • Girih Tiles

    • Calligraphy

    • Arabesque (2 modes)

      • 1st mode recalls the principles that govern the order of the world

      • 2nd mode recalls the feminine nature of life giving


Islam s art1

Muqarnas

Islam’s Art

Patterns

Calligraphy

Girih Tile

Arabesque


Islam s medicine

Islam’s Medicine

  • more advance than other regions during this time period

  • medicine showed variation & diversity

    • involved different regions and cultures

  • surrounding regions benefited from the discoveries

  • discovering:

    • new illnesses

    • ways to cure some illnesses

    • new medicines (involving plants/herbs)

    • new medical procedures


Some important figures to influence the medicine in islam

Some Important Figures toInfluence the Medicine in Islam

  • Al-Razi

    • surgeon

    • wrote the largest medical encyclopedia

    • explained the nature of several diseases

    • found a treatment for kidney stones

    • famous for his study of chicken pox & small pox

    • first to use opium for anesthesia

    • developed many surgical tools

  • IbnSina

    • recognize the contagious nature of tuberculosis

    • wrote the al-Qanun

      • an encyclopedia that identifies 760 different drugs


Some important figures to influence the medicine in islam1

Some Important Figures toInfluence the Medicine in Islam

  • Al-Zahravi

    • the father of surgery

    • wrote a medical encyclopedia

    • developed many surgical tools

    • performed delicate operations

  • IbnNafis

    • discovered the pulmonary circulation system


Islam s science

Islam’s Science

  • chemistry & medicine was exceeding during 900 through 1200 CE

  • contributes to technology, medicine & astrology

  • also contributes to mathematic concepts

    • algebra

    • trigonometry


Some important figures to influence the science of islam

Some Important Figures toInfluence the Science of Islam

  • al-Battani (858 - 929 AD)

    • astronomer, mathematician & scientist

    • accurate count of the solar year

      • 365 days, 5 hours, 46 minutes and 24 seconds

    • wrote books on astronomy & trigonometry

    • al-Buzjani

      • contributed to mathematics

      • constructed equations to find solutions

      • contributed to development of trigonometry

      • introduced the secant and cosecant

      • observed the movement of the moon

    • al-Biruni (973 - 1048 AD)

    • known for his study on astronomy & science

    • skilled physician

    • determined latitudes & longitudes

    • investigated gravity


Islam s technology

Islam’s Technology

  • rise occurred around the same time medicine was expanding in Spain

  • contributed to other creations

    • influenced creation of clocks (created by the Chinese)

  • created new tools

    • surgical tool

    • astrolabe

      • tool used to tell time as well as the length of the day

      • new techniques to use for crafts for metalworking, weaving and building

      • created watermills & windmills


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