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Background. Carbon for sports teams is a combination of travel and stadium costs. We look at Boston Red Sox from 1989-2009 to see how this changes over time. This project focuses primarily on travel, because stadium carbon information not currently available. Stadium-Overview.

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Background

Background

  • Carbon for sports teams is a combination of travel and stadium costs.

  • We look at Boston Red Sox from 1989-2009 to see how this changes over time.

  • This project focuses primarily on travel, because stadium carbon information not currently available.


Stadium overview

Stadium-Overview

  • Oldest park in Major leagues.

  • Easy mass transit (MBTA) access.

  • Hard to drive to.

    • Most parking 20 minute walk away

    • Costs $30 per game

    • Only 6,000 spots

    • Dodger Stadium.

      • 16,000 spots near stadium

      • No mass transit

      • $15 per game


Stadium mass transit

Stadium-Mass Transit


Fenway parking

Fenway-Parking


Fenway comparison

Fenway- Comparison


Travel costs

Travel Costs

  • Boston Red Sox use Boeing 767-300 to fly between games.

  • Used schedule information to estimate the flights taken.

  • Used approximations from average flights to calculate CO2 per season.

  • As shown CO2 mirrors miles flown.


Carbon from travel

Carbon from Travel


Boeing 767

Boeing 767


Schedule background

Schedule-Background

  • Changes in flight miles per year must be due to schedule changes.

    • League added new teams in 1993 and 1998

    • Strike in 1994-1995

    • Interleague play starts 1998

    • Unbalanced schedule starts 2001

  • How do these changes influence the entire league travel?

  • How do these changes influence the entire league interest?

  • How do these changes influence the red sox?

  • To consider this we looked at the teams in MLB from 1989 to 2009.

  • Used attendance as a measure of interest.


League wide travel

League wide travel


League wide travel averages by team

League wide travel averages by team


What happens when a team moves

What happens when a team moves?

  • The Montreal Expos moved to Washington D.C. before the 2005 season.

  • More interest, better location for travel.


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Take home points

    • Urban Parks are generally good for low carbon footprints.

    • Remodeling current parks is also generally better for environment.

    • League should use CO2 as a consideration when making schedules.

      • Increase play within division

      • Interleague play should be against teams from same division

    • Also league should consider CO2 for expansion and relocation of teams.

  • Future Studies

    • Use Revenue rather than attendance is proxy of interest.

    • Consider television CO2 emissions.

    • Use data on energy used at games.


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