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Chapter 7: Deceleration Behaviour Therapy. Differential Reinforcement. Higher incompatibility leads to more effective treatment Of incompatible behaviours Of competing behaviours Of other (any) behaviours Of Low Response Rates (Shaping). Differential: Other Types.

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Chapter 7 deceleration behaviour therapy l.jpg

Chapter 7:Deceleration Behaviour Therapy

CBT Chapter 7


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Differential Reinforcement

  • Higher incompatibility leads to more effective treatment

  • Of incompatible behaviours

  • Of competing behaviours

  • Of other (any) behaviours

  • Of Low Response Rates (Shaping)

CBT Chapter 7


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Differential: Other Types

5. Non-contingent reinforcement: Satiation and extinction

6. Functional communication training (Assertion): Alternating ways of conveying desire for reinforcer

CBT Chapter 7


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Consequential Deceleration

  • Directly affecting the frequency of the target behaviour

  • Or making the consequences undesirable

  • Involves reinforcement and/or punishment

CBT Chapter 7


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1. Extinction

  • Identifying and removing reinforcers

  • “Time out from positive reinforcement”

    Problems

  • Slow working

  • Extinction bursts

  • Little transfer, high specificity

  • High rate of spontaneous recovery

CBT Chapter 7


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Extinction: The Ferber Technique

  • Using extinction to stop babies from crying

  • Attention from parents is a reinforcer

  • Uses “time out” method

Ferber link: http://www.babycenter.com/refcap/baby/babysleep/7755.html#2

CBT Chapter 7


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2. Response Cost

  • Removing items or privileges

    • Personal possessions, time, money

  • Relatively effective technique for children and adults

  • High familiarity to the “real-world”

CBT Chapter 7


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3. Overcorrection

  • Restitution: making amends for damage done

  • Positive (over)practice: exaggerated performance of appropriate adaptive behaviour

  • The cost of inappropriate behaviour is exaggerated

  • Limited to behaviours that can be corrected

CBT Chapter 7


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4. Physically Aversive Consequences

  • Use of physical punishment

  • Tends to work more quickly than reinforcement approaches

  • First response to situations where there is physical threat to self or others

CBT Chapter 7


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The downside of physical punishment…

  • Avoidance (transfer)

  • Aversive emotional responses

  • Perpetuation effects

    • In client and change agent

  • Short lasting effectiveness

CBT Chapter 7


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Aversion Therapy

  • Uses classical conditioning paradigm

  • A strong aversive stimulus is applied simultaneously to maladaptive behaviour

  • A highly motivated client is required

CBT Chapter 7


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Applying the aversive stimulus

  • Actual application

  • Symbolic exposure

  • Imagery (Covert Sensitization)

CBT Chapter 7


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Punishment:Ethical Considerations

  • Strong cultural images of punishment

  • Utility (short and long-term)

  • Potential for abuse

  • Will of the client

CBT Chapter 7


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