The terena nren compendium 2000 2006 making the case for nrens plus some candid comments
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The TERENA NREN Compendium, 2000 – 2006: making the case for NRENs (plus some candid comments). Bert van Pinxteren TERENA http://www.terena.nl/compendium. But first….

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The TERENA NREN Compendium, 2000 – 2006: making the case for NRENs (plus some candid comments)

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The terena nren compendium 2000 2006 making the case for nrens plus some candid comments

The TERENA NREN Compendium, 2000 – 2006: making the case for NRENs (plus some candid comments)

Bert van Pinxteren

TERENA

http://www.terena.nl/compendium

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


But first

But first…

  • TERENA has more activities that help to make the case for NRENs, for example the assistance to the development of research and education networking in less-advanced regions that is part of the GN2 project

  • Country needs assessments carried out for/with Albania, Morocco, Romania, next one will be Moldova

  • More information at http://www.terena.nl/activities/development-support/

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Overview

Overview

  • History/approach

  • Difficulties

  • Results

  • How you can help

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


History

History

  • Trial edition published in limited number of copies by TERENA in 2000;

  • Two parts: country-by-country info only on web, compilation of data on web and in print

  • First ‘real’ edition published in 2001 (printed part: 24 pages, 30 NRENs);

  • Consistent support and encouragement from the European Commission;

  • 2005 edition part of the GN2 project (printed part:106 pages, 49 NRENs);

  • Website with 2000 – 2006 data: http://www.terena.nl/compendium

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Basic approach

Basic approach:

  • Organisation-oriented rather than connection-oriented.

  • (A more connection-oriented approach is the ARENA project, see http://arena.internet2.edu/

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


The terena nren compendium 2000 2006 making the case for nrens plus some candid comments

Role of the Compendium

Monitoring the progress:

the Compendium

The fast train itself:

the networks /

GÉANT

Preparing for the future:

SERENATE and EARNEST

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Procedure for producing the compendium 1

Procedure for producing the Compendium (1)

  • Review panel – as diverse as possible (different roles, different cultural/linguistic backgrounds)

  • Current composition:

    • Marko Bonač (ARNES, Slovenia)

    • Sabine Jaume-Rajaonia (RENATER, France)

    • Mike Norris (HEAnet, Ireland);

    • Esther Robles (RedIRIS, Spain);

    • Lars Skogan (UNINETT, Norway).

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Procedure for producing the compendium 2

Procedure for producing the Compendium (2)

  • Compile feedback received from last time

  • Discuss in Review Panel, develop questionnaire in close consultation with Review Panel

  • Consult GN2 activity leaders, other who are interested

  • Develop web interface, import data from last year, ask Review Panel members to test the interface

  • Announce to NRENs, remind people ceaselessly

  • Publish data received on the web

  • Review data received and ask additional questions if data seem odd (for example: Terabytes and Terabits)

  • Ask NRENs themselves to review their data

  • Used to prepare draft compilation of data for TERENA members only, presented at the GA meeting (this has been abandoned since 2005)

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Procedure for producing the compendium 3

Procedure for producing the Compendium (3)

  • Get feedback and corrections from NRENs;

  • Get feedback and corrections from Review Panel and TERENA technical staff;

  • Ask for clarifications where needed;

  • Produce final version of part 2.

  • People involved:

    • Project leader (speaking)

    • Database designer / webmaster (Jeroen Houben)

    • Layout person (Carol de Groot)

    • Content support (TERENA technical staff)

    • From 1 April: Data Analyst (Maarten de Jong)

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Procedure for preparing the compendium 4

Procedure for preparing the Compendium (4)

  • Not wholly uncontroversial:

  • From the minutes of the GA in May 2001: “Jan Gruntorád felt that the document contained interesting data, but also contained some errors. He regretted that it had been presented at the conference before the NRENs had had a chance to review the document. “

  • From the minutes of the GA in June 2002: “Several speakers pointed to tables that could easily lead to misinterpretation, if seen in isolation. Bert van Pinxteren clarified that the tables should be seen as starting points for a discussion.”

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Procedure for producing the compendium 5

Procedure for producing the Compendium (5)

  • Advantages of this procedure:

    • Ensures good response rate

    • Annual publication helps – it is important to be included

    • TERENA is trusted

    • Questionnaire gets better every year

    • We understand the NREN community and can therefore safeguard against hasty comparisons that do not show the full picture

    • NRENs get something in return that they can use nationally

    • Actually reduces questionnaire overload

    • Becoming a repository of historical data

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Difficulties

Difficulties

  • Differences in interpretation and in national situations, e.g.:

    • What is a university? What is a university site?

    • How to compare budgets?

    • Who pays for which level of networking?

    • What to count and what not to count?

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Final e europe benchmarking report com 2002 62 final of february 2002

Final eEurope Benchmarking Report, COM(2002) 62 final of February 2002:

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Topology of the rediris network 2001 2002

Topology of the RedIRIS Network, 2001/2002

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Comparison perhaps not completely fair

Comparison perhaps not completely fair…

  • RedIRIS had 17 connections at 155 Mb/s

  • GARR had just upgraded 3 centres to 2.5 Gb, but each via 2 routes, so they claimed to have 5 Gb/s

  • Many other centres in Italy in fact connected only at 34 Mb/s (yellow lines)

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Difficulties 2

Difficulties (2)

  • Getting (almost) all NRENs to respond requires considerable persuasive skills

  • Finding the balance: more questions or more answers?

  • Finding the balance: better questions or better comparability with earlier years?

  • It does take a bit of work

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Results 1

Results (1)

Dany Vandromme, RENATER:

“As example, I would mention the Compendium (…), which turned [out] to be extremely useful to RENATER, to provide my national authorities with (…)”

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Results 2

Results (2)

  • Single place where information can be found

  • Information from earlier years also there

  • Interest from policy makers (Commission), researchers, companies

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Results 3

Results (3)

  • Presented at several national NREN Conferences, NORDUnet and TERENA Conferences

  • Used by NRENs for a variety of purposes: for rectors, funding bodies, benchmarking studies (UKERNA) etc.

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Results 4

Results (4)

  • In the beginning, we were very careful with formulating conclusions from the materials. A few attempts were presented at Conferences, but people almost always were able to point to weaknesses in the analysis

  • Gradually, we have become better at seeing what can be concluded on the basis of the material; most of that is obvious to the NRENs, but not to the outside world

  • EU has wanted us to do this

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Summary of key findings

Summary of key findings:

  • Legal form

  • Users/clients

  • Network

  • Traffic

  • Services

  • Funding

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Users clients

Users/clients

  • Gigabit Ethernet is being introduced by many hitherto less developed NRENs (such as AMREJ, MARNET and RENAM) and thus seems to make it possible, for the first time, to quickly address an importantaspect of (…) the ‘digital divide’ in Europe (…).

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Network

Network

  • There are indications that more and more NRENs are switching over to dark fibre as the technology of the future, with the EU NRENs being in the lead

  • The trend seems to be that in the more advanced countries, the core capacity will evolve to 10 Gb/s or multiples of that.

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Traffic 1

Traffic (1)

  • Growth rates in the new EU member states and in non-EU/EFTA countries are clearly higher than those in the ‘old’ EU member states

  • It seems that in the EU, traffic growth is slowing down

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Traffic 2

Traffic (2)

  • It seems that traffic is now determined more by (changes in) user demand, rather than by network capacity limitations.

  • It is unclear if this trend towards slower growth will persist

  • The longer-established NRENs from the EU and EFTA countries are mostly net exporters of data, while the other NRENs are net importers.

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Traffic 3 congestion index

Traffic (3): congestion index

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Funding

Funding

  • Comparisons are difficult (almost impossible)

  • The trend is that budgets stay relatively stable and that NRENs are able to deliver more bandwidth and more services for roughly the same amount of money.

  • EU projects seem to act as a catalyst for increased national NREN budgets in some countries

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Bonus material

Bonus material

  • https://www.terena.nl/compendium/2005/login.php

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


Bonus material1

Bonus material

  • Compendium 2005 - spreadsheets

  • home :: compendium :: 2005 :: spreadsheetsThese spreadsheets are posted here as an experimental service only for the NRENs that have participated in the survey. They can be used for example for preparing national reports that contain data from a subset of NRENs that is relevant for your national situation. Recognising TERENA as the source of the data will be appreciated. Note that most of the data have been collected in March and April of 2005. If you find new, nice ways of presenting the data, please feel free to share your insights with us.It may take some studying to figure out what is what in the spreadsheets - but if you have trouble with them, you can always ask for clarification. All spreadsheets have a column with the name of the NREN and the country. Most of them also have some way of sorting the countries geographically, as in the Compendium. E.g. and 'a' might be used for EU countries, a 'b' for other countries. Note that these distinctions have not been used consistently throughout the spreadsheets.

  • Basic information

    • Legal form of NRENs, partner organisations - 6.19_6.20_organisation_info.xls

  • Users / clients

    • Connection policies, percentages of institutions in different categories served by the NREN - Ch._2.8_inst_connect_marketshare_graphs.xls

    • Uptake of IPv6 - ipv6_unis_research_1.5_1.7.xls

    • Numbers of connected institutions and bandwidth - 1.5_inst_conn_speeds.xls

  • Network

    • Core capacity - Ch.3.2_Core Capacity00-07l.xls

    • Core network size - Ch.3.4_Core Network Size multiyear.xls

    • External links - Ch.3.5_external_links.xls

    • Dark fibre - Ch.3.7_darkfibre.xls

  • Traffic

    • External traffic ('T3' and 'T4')- Ch.4.2_traffic_t3_t4_multiyear.xls

    • Traffic load - Ch.4_links_load_for_final.xls

    • Congestion - 3.5_congestion.xls

  • Services - 5.3_5.4_5.6_5.7_services.xls

  • Tasks, Staffing, Funding - 4_funding_staffing.xls

  • Appendix

    • Number of PoPs and of managed links on the network - 2.1_2.2_network.xls

    • Traffic with the general Internet - external_traffic_3.3_3.4.xls (use columns D and E)

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


How you can help 1

How YOU can help (1)

  • We would like to get some information also from NRENs in other parts of the world, to provide a more complete picture for ourselves (and maybe it is also useful for you)

  • For this, we have developed a mini-version of the survey, containing a number of questions taken from the main survey, with focus on: connection policies and ‘market share’; basic network characteristics; traffic; funding; basic contact info.

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


How you can help 2

How YOU can help (2)

  • We would like as many NRENs as possible to enter data in the mini-survey, but NRENs are free to complete the full questionnaire if they want to.

  • Procedure: let us know you are willing to participate -> we will make a record for your NREN in the database

  • Request a password at http://www.terena.nl/activities/compendium/2006/password.php

  • Complete the survey, double-check your answers!

  • More information at http://www.terena.nl/activities/compendium/2006/noneu_info.html

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


What you will get in return

What you will get in return

  • The printed version of the Compendium

  • Help in presenting the data

  • Other benefits as discussed earlier

  • Of course, we are open to working with others who want to set up similar but adapted initiatives!

CCIRN Meeting, 26 April 2006


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