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Twelfth Night. Characters, structure, and themes. Title “What You Will” is like “As You Like It” Does it mean “Whatever is your pleasure”? Is it the ending that is as we like it? what we will? Is the world they inhabit as we will? Golden world?

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Twelfth night l.jpg

Twelfth Night

Characters,

structure, and themes


Twelfth night or what you will l.jpg

Title “What You Will” is like “As You Like It”

Does it mean “Whatever is your pleasure”?

Is it the ending that is as we like it? what we will?

Is the world they inhabit as we will? Golden world?

Are the characters? Rosalind and Viola most perfect

Twelfth Nightor What You Will


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Twelfth NightDominant images

Viola/Cesario

Orsino

Olivia


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Twelfth NightPlot structure

  • Main Plot – wooing

    • Orsino/Olivia through Cesario (Viola)

    • Olivia/Cesario into Olivia/Sebastian

    • Viola (as Cesario)/Orsino

    • Olivia/Sebastian (whom she thinks is Cesario)


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Twelfth NightSubplot structure

  • Subplots

    • Feste’s singing and begging

    • Sir Toby’s drunkenness

    • Sir Andrew’s wooing of Olivia

    • Malvolio’s Puritanism

    • Maria’s Jest

    • Feste’s revenge


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Twelfth NightViola’s interaction w/other characters

Antonio

Captain

3.4, 5.1

1.2

Viola

Sebastian

5.1

1.2, 2.4,5.1

1.5, 3.1,3.4, 5.1

Orsino

Olivia

2.1

Orsino’s

men

1.4

Malvolio

3.5, 5.1

2.4, 3.1,5.1

Sir Toby

Feste

Sir Andrew

Maria


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Twelfth NightOlivia’s interaction w/other characters

Antonio

Captain

Viola

Sebastian

1.5

4.1, 4.3, 5.1

Orsino

5.1

Olivia

1.5, 3.4, 5.1

Orsino’s

men

Malvolio

1.5

1.5

1.5, 5.1

Sir Toby

Feste

Sir Andrew

Maria


Twelfth night feste s interaction w other characters l.jpg
Twelfth NightFeste’s interaction w/other characters

Antonio

Captain

Viola

Sebastian

2.4, 3.1, 5.1

Olivia

4.1, 5.1

Orsino

1.5, 5.1

Orsino’s

men

Malvolio

2.4, 5.1

1.5, 2.3, 4.2, 5.1

Sir Toby

1.5, 2.3, 4.2, 5.1

Feste

Sir Andrew

Maria


Twelfth night toby s andrew s maria s interactions l.jpg
Twelfth NightToby’s/Andrew’s/Maria’s interactions

Antonio

Captain

Viola

Sebastian

3.1, 3.4, 5.1

4.1, 5.1

Orsino

Olivia

Orsino’s

men

1.5, 3.4, 5.1

Malvolio

1.5, 2.3, 4.2, 5.1

Sir Toby

1.5, 2.3, 4.2, 5.1

Feste

Sir Andrew

1.3, 1.5, 2.1, 2.5, 3.4, 5.1

Maria


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Twelfth NightMalvolio’s interactions

Antonio

Captain

Viola

Sebastian

2.1

Olivia

Orsino

1.5, 3.4, 5.1

Orsino’s

men

Malvolio

2.3, 4.2, 5.1

1.5, 2.3, 2.5, 3.4, 5.1

Sir Toby

Feste

Sir Andrew

Maria


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Twelfth NightOrsino’s interaction w/other characters

Antonio

Captain

Viola

Sebastian

1.4, 2.4, 5.1

Orsino

5.1

Olivia

1.4

Orsino’s

men

Malvolio

2.4

Sir Toby

Feste

Sir Andrew

Maria


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Twelfth NightIntegration of all Characters

Antonio

Captain

Viola

Sebastian

Orsino

Olivia

Orsino’s

men

Malvolio

Sir Toby

Feste

Sir Andrew

Maria


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Orsino’s / masculine

Talk of hunting

Music/emotion

Love is unrequited

Wooing through intermediary (Cesario)

Direct wooing (Viola)

Olivia’s / feminine

Talk of grief

Jesting /tricks

Love is impossible

Wooing through intermediary (Malvolio)

Direct wooing (Olivia)

Supposed wooing (letter to Malvolio)

Twelfth Nighttwo worlds


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As You Like ItCouples

  • realistic

    • Viola/Orsino

  • romantic

    • Olivia/Sebastian

  • Sexual

    • Sir Toby/Maria

  • Inappropriate

    • Malvolio/Olivia and Sir Andrew/Olivia and Olivia/Viola


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Twelfth NightFoiling

  • Character foiling

    • Viola/Olivia, both lost brothers

    • Viola/Olivia/Orsino—all have love unrequited

    • Viola/Feste, both travel freely between households

    • Viola/Sebastian, both lost sibling, are strangers


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Twelfth Night -- Act I

Scene 1

Orsino sad

Scene 3

Sir Toby drunk

Maria aids

Scene 2

Viola sad

To serve Orsino

Scene 4

Viola and Orsino

Scene 5

Maria/Feste

Feste/Olivia

Olivia/Malvolio

Olivia/Cesario (Viola)


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Twelfth Night -- Act II

Scene 1

Antonio/Sebastian

Scene 2

Malvolio/Cesario

Scene 3

Sir Toby/Andrew

Maria/Feste

Malvolio

Scene 4

Orsino/Viola

Feste

Scene 5

Maria’s Jest

Malvolio letter


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Twelfth Night -- Act III

Scene 1

Viola/Feste

Sir Toby/Andrew

Viola/Olivia

  • Scene 3

    • Sebastian/

    • Antonio

Scene 2

Sir Andrew to

Challenge Cesario

Scene 4

Olivia/Malvolio, yellow stockings

Sir Toby to care for Malvolio

Olivia/Cesario

Viola challenged by Sir Andrew

Antonio rescues Viola


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Twelfth Night -- Act IV

Scene 1

Feste/Sebastian

Sebastian fights Sir Toby

Olivia breaks up fight

Scene 3

Olivia and

Sebastian marry

Scene 2

Malvolio’s torment

Feste as


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Twelfth Night -- Act V

Scene 1

Feste/Fabian

Feste/Orsino

Viola/Orsino/Antonio

Olivia/Orsino/Cesario

Sebastian/Sir Toby/Sir Andrew

Viola/Sebastian

Malvolio

Feste’s Song


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Twelfth Night themes

  • Masculinity and Femininity

  • Nature of love (unrequited), of wooing

  • Grief

  • Loyalty

  • Revenge

  • Puritanism: no fun, no drink, no song


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Rosalind

Father absent

Cousin/sister Celia

Disguise for fun and protection

Gets Orlando to woo her as Ganymede. Teaches him about love

Both masculine and feminine

Viola

Father dead, brother lost

Alone

Disguise necessary for modesty

Wooes Olivia for Orsino, Admits love for him, teaches him how to love

Both masculine and feminine

Twelfth Night and As You Like Itcomparison of main characters


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