Zand Dynasty 1751-1794 Qajar Dynasty 1796-1925. Pahlavi Dynasty Reza Shah 1925-1941 Mohammed Reza Shah 1941-1979 Islamic Republic 1979-2005. Qajar Dynasty’s Muzzafari’d -Din Shah Qajar Ruled from 1896-1907. The last King of the Qajar Dynasty. 1907-1921 (14 year period).
Muzzafari’d-Din Shah Qajar
Ruled from 1896-1907
The last King of the Qajar Dynasty
1907-1921 (14 year period)
1907: Anglo Russian Agreement to divide Persia into spheres of influence
1914: During WWI, The Russians, British and Ottomans occupied parts of Persia
1921: Reza Shah led a successful coup against the Russian and British occupation of Persia
1926: Reza Khan Pahlavi is crowned marking the beginning of the Pahlavi Dynasty.
His son, Muhammed Reza is named crown prince
1935: Name of country is changed from Persian to Iran
British owned and controlled theh Anglo-Iranian Oil Company though managed by Germans
1967 – Coronation Ceremony
September 1980 - August 1988
President Saddam Hussein announces his intention to reclaim the Shatt al Arab waterway
Iraq wanted to seize oil producing region of Khuzestan
2005MahmoudAhmadinejad:Mayor of Tehran, won the Presidency
Pledged assistance to the poor and to return to the values of the 1979 revolution
President MahmoudAhmadinejad at a press conference
President MahmoudAhmadinejad on Army Day, April 18, 2006
Militia carries banners dedicated to Imam Hossein
Female members of the volunteer militia carrying banners to Imam Hossein
Army Day – April 18, 2006
In 1976 he replaced the Islamic calendar with an imperial calendar
Which began with the foundation of the persian empire around 500 BCE
Aimed to sideline Islam. Excited opposition muslim groups which
Rallied around the Ayatollah Khomeini.
Shah used arbitrary arrest, torture, imprisonment and torture.
Ayatollah Khomeini exiled 1964
Lived in Najaf, Iraq since 1965: expounded absolutist theocratic rule
Lived in France from 1978
Jan 16 1979, Shah left Iran due to 18 mos of health leave
AppointeBaktiar as Prime Minister who was ineffective.
Bakhtiar publicly invited Khomeini to return to Iran who arrived Feb. 1
Purges of Shah supporters began. Hundreds were executed.
4 of the Shah’s generals were executed by a firing squad
Members of the Shah’s regime were executed.
May 1979 Khomeini createdthe Revolutionary Guard Corps
Leftist newspapers were banned. Opposition leaders were arrested.
Power of the clerics increased.
Religious repression of women.
Students who thought they were eliminating the Shah to bring democracy were disapointed.
Speeches against the USA and its allies
Bazargan as Prime Minister
Nov 4, 1979 iranianIslaic students took 66 hostages, mostly Americans