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THE SOVIET UNION. Chapter 29 Section 4. What did Lenin accomplish? (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov). Nationalization – all major industries under state control NEP Some private businesses allowed to operate Name changed - U.S.S.R. Social Classes - Communist party bosses at top

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Chapter 29 Section 4

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What did Lenin accomplish?(Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov)

  • Nationalization – all major industries under state control

  • NEP

    • Some private businesses allowed to operate

  • Name changed - U.S.S.R.

  • Social Classes - Communist party bosses at top

  • Republics - Each nationality given it’s own republic but controlled by central govt. in Moscow

Lenin dies of a stroke

At 54yrs old in 1922

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Who was Leon Trotsky?

  • Leader of the Red Army

  • 2nd most important person in Communist Party

  • Lost power struggle with Stalin to control the Party

  • Exiled and eventually assassinated in Mexico City with an ice pick

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How did STALIN gain power?

  • General Secretary of Communist Party with power to remove/appt. officials

  • Removed supporters of Trotsky

  • Communist Party voted him as leader

  • Trotsky exiled and killed on Stalin’s orders

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What was Stalin’s Five Year Plan?

  • Set Russia’s economic goals for 5 years

  • Focus on industrializing heavy industry and increasing agricultural output

    • Heavy Industry = steel production, large-scale manufacturing

    • Few consumer goods produced

    • Agriculture = collectivized farms

“We will turn the Five year plan into a four year one”

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What is a collective farm?

  • Peasants work land owned by the Government

  • Produced food for Soviet people and to export

  • Exports would pay for industrialization without having to borrow $ from west

  • Kulak’s - prosperous anti-communist peasants opposed collectivization

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What was the“terror famine”?

  • Stalin used starvation to destroy the opposition

    • Kulaks

    • anti-Communist in the Ukraine

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What were the Results of the 5 Year Plan?

  • Soviet Union became an industrial power

  • Workers received low wages or none at all

  • Food was in limited supply

  • Collective farms unable to produce enough food

  • Millions died

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What was life like under Stalin’s Dictatorship?

  • One of most brutal dictator’s in the world

  • Ruled through terror

  • Secret Police created climate of fear

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What were the Purges?

  • Stalin’s elimination of his political rivals during the 1930’s

  • Millions expelled, arrested, put in labor camps or shot

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1. Which of the following describes Stalin’s 5 year plan?

  • A plan to kill all of Stalin’s political opponents

  • A plan to increase industrial and agricultural productivity in the USSR

  • A plan to spread communism around the world

  • A plan to attack the western European nations

  • What were the purges?

    • Stalin’s attacks against Kulak’s

    • Stalin purging the USSR of capitalism and the NEP

    • Stalin’s removal of any position that could threaten his leadership

    • Stalin’s removal of all artistic and cultural activities

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