AN INADEQUATE NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY BILL 2011. Problem 1. Limited understanding of nutrition and food security. Nutrition Security means.
Access to adequate quantities of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, micronutrients through availability and affordability of diverse foods including grains, pulses, oil, meat, milk, eggs, vegetables, and fruits to meet the requirement for a person according to the stage in her/his life cycle.
Access to safe drinking water as a public good.
An Act is only one small part of all that is needed
The Government’s understanding of “Food Security” is limited to making a limited amount of subsidised grain and some cooked food available to the poorest. There are no elements of change for equity in food production and income distribution.
PROBLEM 2 limited to making a limited amount ofTargeting and BPL with all its problems remains
Preventing Exclusion limited to making a limited amount of
These are the majority communities who are excluded when targeting happens
Requirement is therefore norms
A Universal Public Distribution System
Remove APL BPL– subsidised food for all
Nutritional security with per head monthly entitlements of at least14 kgs of cereals, 1.5 kgs of pulses and 800 gms of oil
PROBLEM 3 normsLip service to problems of production and distribution
There is a severe agricultural crisis in the country. Procurement for an expanded PDS will give a boost to production and can become an important instrument for the revitalization of the agricultural economy.
However, since many areas suffer from deficits, it is important to ensure that the original intention of the PDS ie : movement of food from surplus to deficit areas will be ensured by Central govt agencies.
Village level grain banks to be established to encourage local procurement, storage and distribution to ensure food security
(1) Revitalise Agri.
a. agrarian reforms securing interest of small and marginal farmers
b. increase in investments; R&D; extension services
c. ensuring remunerative prices; credit; irrigation
d. prohibiting unwarranted diversion of land
(2) Procurement; Storage and Movement
a. incentivize the decentralize procurement
b. geographical diversification of operations
c. scientific storage
d. priority of movements of food grains- sufficient rakes/ expanding railway line
STRIVE TO amounts to good intentions with no surety on action
PROBLEM 4 Policychildren’s right to food is insecure
Nutrition Security for Infants includes
For Children’s Right to Food Policy
Cooked hot meal
Universalise ICDS Policy
PROBLEM 5 Central GovernmentServices and definition for vulnerable inadequate
Rights of the Vulnerable and Socially Excluded Central Government
The Act must recognise the rights of the most vulnerable. These include old people, physically challenged , people suffering from/living with HIV/AIDS , TB or other debilitating and stigmatized diseases, single women headed households, beggars, bonded labourers, primitive tribes, most marginalised groups, homeless, unprotected street and working children etc.
All such people to be provided Antodaya cards.
Antodaya Card Holders Central Government
Other Special Categories Central Government
All destitute persons shall be entitled to at least one cooked meal everyday free of charge in accordance to scheme prescribed by the Central Govt.
’Destitute person’ means one who lacks resources for dignified living.
All homeless and poor ,casual workers& migrant labourers shall be entitled to cooked meals at community kitchens according to schemes prescribed by Central Govt.
In the case of emergency disaster the State Govt. shall provide free two cooked meals to the affected household or provide them ration free of charge ,for a period up to three months after disaster.
The State Govt. will identify persons, households ,groups living in starvation or conditions akin to starvation and shall provide
(1)Free Cooked meals two times a day ,for 6 months from date of identification.
(2)any other relief deemed necessary by the State Govt.
The Government shall strive for pensions
No maternity benefits.
For vulnerable, categories covered and benefits given are much less than what we asked for. Specially pensions shall only be STRIVED FOR
No Maternity benefits
PROBLEM 6 Central GovernmentCAShtranSfers are being introduced
introducing scheme of cash transfer in lieu of entitlements under the Act.
NFSB has agreed to this
Women of eighteen years or above to be head of household for purpose of distribution of ration cards
PROBLEM 7 Central GovernmentReforms in pds are only to be “strived for”
Issues of Corruption and Leakages Central Government
Reforms in TPDS in consonance with functional role
a. doorstep delivery
b. computerization to ensure transparent recording of transactions
c. leveraging ‘aadhaar’ for unique identification
d. full transparency
e. preference to public institutions; cooperatives etc. in licensing FPS by women or women’s collectives
f. support to local distribution models
For efficient operations under TPDS, State Government to :
a. create/maintain scientific storage at State/District/Block Level
b. strengthen capacities of food and civil supplies corporations
c. institutionalise licensing arrangements for Fair Price Shops (FSPs) under PDS Control Order, 2001
All TPDS records be placed under public domain.
All PRIs/ULBs authorized by State Gov. to conduct regular social audits
Set up Vigilance Committees as prescribed under the PDS Control Order, 2001 at the State, District, Block and FPS
Vigilance Committee shall perform:
EXPERIENCE WITH NREGS AND EXISTING VIGILANCE DOES NOT SHOW MUCH HOPE
PROBLEM 8 Central GovernmentInadequate pROVISIONs to punish penalise or compensatE
INADEQUATE AFTER OUR EXPERIENCE WITH NREGA
POWERS TO PUNISH AND ENFORCE ARE NOT THERE
NOTHING ON HOW TO PREVENT POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE INTERFERENCE IN APPOINTMENT AND FUNDING OF GRO AND COMMISSIONS