The Reproductive System Chapter 26. Joe Pistack MS/ED. Functions. Reproductive system performs two functions: Produces, nurtures, and transports ova and sperm. Secretes hormones. Primary reproductive organs are the gonads. Female gonads---ovaries Male gonads------testes.
Joe Pistack MS/ED
1. Produces, nourishes, and transports sperm.
2. Deposits sperm within the female reproductive tract.
3. Secretes hormones.
2. a body
3. a tail
The ducts include:
2 vas deferens
2 ejaculatory ducts
1. The seminal vesicles
2. The prostate gland
3. The bulbourethral glands
Prostate gland-single gland, donut-like, encircles the upper urethra just below the bladder.
1. Carries urine through he urethra to the outside of the body.
2. Acts as the organ of sexual intercourse.
1. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-promotes spermatogenesis
2. luteinizing hormone (LH)-promotes development of interstitial cells and the secretion of testosterone
1. large amounts of progesterone
2. small amounts of estrogen
At puberty the ovaries begin to secrete estrogen and progesterone.
Feminizing effects of estrogen:
Fallopian tubes-also called uterine tubes or oviducts.
Scarring of the fallopian
Parts of the uterus:
Inner layer, has 2 layers:
1. Basilar layer-thin and vascular, lies next to the myometrium.
2. Functional layer-responds to ovarian hormones, thickens in preparation for the fertilized egg. Layer that sloughs during menstruation. Site of Pap Smear.
Female external genitals together are called the vulva.