Public Land Survey System (PLSS). The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) was developed by the Continental Congress to replace the common practice of describing land by metes and bounds. The PLSS is also called the Rectangular System of Land Description.
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The PLSS is also called the Rectangular System of Land Description.
“From the point on the north bank of Muddy Creek one mile above the junction of Muddy and Indian Creeks, north for 400 yards, then northwest to the large standing rock, west to the large oak tree, south to Muddy Creek, then down the center of the creek to the starting point.”
* Irregular shapes for properties make for much more complex descriptions.
* Over time, these descriptions become problematic as trees die or streams move by erosion.
* It wasn’t useful for the large, newly surveyed tracts of land being opened in the west, which were being sold sight unseen to investors.
It is used for irregular shaped parcels of land.
Instead of visual description of landmarks, angles and distances are used.
Purpose: To facilitate disposal (either via sale or simple giveaways) of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains that the U.S. government had acquired from the British after the end of the Revolutionary War.
Disposing of this land was a very high priority for the young U.S. Government, for several reasons:
Star sights where the most common method used.
Indian Meridian: Latitude 34-29-32, Longitude 97-14-49
Cimarron meridian: Latitude 36-30-05, Longitude 103-00-07
The base line was established to the east and to the west from the initial point, border to border across the territory being surveyed.
A: SE1/4, S23, T4S, R6W, IM
DETERMINE THE DESCRIPTION FOR EACH AREA.
A: N1/2, NW1/4, S21, T7S, R6E, IM
B: SW1/4, NE1/4, S21, T7S, R6E, IM
C: SE1/4, SW1/4 & SW14, SE1/4, S21, T7S, R6E, IM
D: SW1/4, NW1/4, SW1/4, S21, T7S, R6E, IM