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Greece. What is Operation Wallacea? Scientific expeditions in 15 countries 200+ academics running more than 120 projects Results published in peer-reviewed journals. What is Operation Wallacea? 30 new vertebrate species to science discovered

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What is Operation Wallacea?

Scientific expeditions in 15 countries

200+ academics running more than 120 projects

Results published in peer-reviewed journals


What is Operation Wallacea?

30 new vertebrate species to science discovered

Large temporal and spatial data sets obtained from tuition fee funded model

Data used to assess the performance of conservation management programmes


Cuba

Opportunity for worldwide comparative studies


Global Research and Conservation Strategy

Stage 1 - Assessing ecosystem diversity and function

Stage 2 - Monitoring ecosystem change

Stage 3 - Monitoring socio-economic change

Stage 4 - Establishing & monitoring the effectiveness of conservation management programmes


Team Members

Principal Researchers

Assistant Researchers

General Surveyors

Operations Staff

Medical Staff




Independent radiations

in each crater

Affinity to A. calliptera.














Speciation
Speciation

18th Century: Species don’t change or go extinct

Early 19th C: Species extinct in catastrophes, replaced in separate creations (Cuvier)

Late 19th C: Natural selection drives divergence with or without geographic isolation (Darwin)

Early 20th C: Geographic isolation must precede divergence

(gene flow stronger than selection)

Late 20th C: Small isolated populations needed to shake up genetic inertia to allow divergence (founder effect)


Speciation1
Speciation

Late 20th C: Small isolated populations needed to shake up genetic inertia to allow divergence (founder effect)

Has not been borne out by evidence

Bottlenecked populations in lab don’t turn into new species

New species generally don’t have drastically reduced diversity

Lots of natural variation in adaptive traits: genome doesn’t seem to have strong inertia


Speciation2
Speciation

18th Century: Species don’t change or go extinct

Early 19th C: Species extinct in catastrophes, replaced in separate creations (Cuvier)

Late 19th C: Natural selection drives divergence with or without geographic isolation (Darwin)

Early 20th C: Geographic isolation must precede divergence

(gene flow stronger than selection)

Late 20th C: Small isolated populations needed to shake up genetic inertia to allow divergence (founder effect)

?


Speciation3
Speciation

Early 20th C: Geographic isolation must precede divergence

(gene flow stronger than selection)

DNA sequence studies: tiny islands or lakes can contain several species all more closely related to each other than other species elsewhere

Clear divergence in adaptive traits despite continuing gene exchange: intermediate forms less fit

Selection can drive speciation without geographic isolation


Speciation4
Speciation

18th Century: Species don’t change or go extinct

Early 19th C: Species extinct in catastrophes, replaced in separate creations (Cuvier)

Late 19th C: Natural selection drives divergence with or

without geographic isolation (Darwin)

Early 20th C: Geographic isolation must precede divergence

(gene flow stronger than selection)

Late 20th C: Small isolated populations needed to shake up

genetic inertia to allow divergence (founder effect)

?



Astatotilapia spp. 4 lakes: 3-4 pale/dark pairs- maybe more

Evolution of species course


RAD Tag sequencing

Independent radiations

in each crater

Affinity to A. calliptera.


Pawaga-Idodi Wildlife Management Area


Pawaga-Idodi Wildlife Management Area


Pawaga-Idodi Wildlife Management Area


Pawaga-Idodi Wildlife Management Area















Ruaha National Park


  • Health & Safety

  • Training of students in safety procedures

  • Risk assessments

  • Medical cover

  • Communications

  • Emergency evacuation plans

  • BS8848 compliant and LOtC badged

  • Medical statistics published each year


Links to Exams, Course Work, and University Entry

Relevant practicals and lectures for IB, AP , A level or Highers

IB – extended essay, CAS, PSOW

Stand alone extended project EPQ

UK universities – University Award or CoPE

US universities – course creditUniversity applications and interviews



Carrageenan extraction for sustainable reef fisheries

Packaging forests for Natural Forest Standard or REDD+ funding

Developing product standards for wildlife conservation

Wallace Resource LibraryGrants for students to participate and learn about biodiversity monitoring and conservation

Operation Wallacea Trust


Complete one of the Ice Water Fire Challenges

www.icewaterfire.com

Everest Base Camp = 17,667 flights of stairs

English Channel = 640 lengths of a 50m pool

Marathon des Sables = 50 sessions running of 5km each

Ice Water Fire Challenge


£1210 for the 2 week expedition

With flights and other costs total costs

Estimated cost of £2350 or

£150 per month for 15months with £150 deposit



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