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Communist China. The Rise of Mao Zedong. Collapse of Imperial Rule. China early 1900’s - ripe for revolution traditionalists vs. modernists Nationalists (industrialists) assume control of government -1912 Capitalists, corrupt exploited peasants Leader: Jiang Jieshi (1925).

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Communist china

Communist China

The Rise of Mao Zedong


Collapse of imperial rule
Collapse of Imperial Rule

  • China early 1900’s - ripe for revolution

    • traditionalists vs. modernists

  • Nationalists (industrialists) assume control of government -1912

    • Capitalists, corrupt

    • exploited peasants

    • Leader: Jiang Jieshi (1925)


Chinese communist party ccp
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

1921: creation of the CCP

  • Mao Zedong co-founder

  • Goal: implement communism

    • Peasant revolution against industrialists

  • Received advisors and supplies from Lenin

  • challenges Jiang and nationalists


Chinese civil war
Chinese Civil War

  • 1930: Communists vs. Nationalists

    • Nationalists outnumber Communists 6:1

    • Nationalists more industrialized

  • 1933: Nationalists push Communists on LONG MARCH to hide in interior of China

    • 6,000 miles

    • Mao sets up camps to educate and train peasant army

  • 1936: Japan invades Manchuria/China civil war to halt to reunite to fight them off

    • civil war on hold



Communists win
Communists win…

  • 1946: Civil war resumes

  • Tide turns against Nationalists due to poor economy

  • Communists #’s increase and defeat Nationalists

  • October, 1949: China becomes communist


Two chinas
Two Chinas

  • Peoples Republic of China

  • Leader: MAO Zedong

  • Communist

  • Mainland China

  • Supported by USSR

  • Nationalist China (Taiwan)

  • Leader: Jiang Jieshi

  • Nationalist

    • capitalist

    • Small island off coast of mainland China

  • China and USSR refuse to recognize it

  • Supported by USSR


Transformation under mao
Transformation Under Mao

  • 1949: Communist Party members under 5 million

  • Mao implements:

    • Totalitarianism

    • Communism

  • Mao :

    • Seized land from land owners and divided among peasants

    • Nationalized private companies

    • Successful in reaching targets in production of

      coal, steel, and electricity.


Problems under mao
Problems under Mao

  • Lack of modern technology

  • Great Leap Forward was a failure

    • Family like replaced by commune life

    • 26,000 communes of 25,000+ people

  • People in Mao’s cabinet begin to get concerned and talk….bad move

  • Mao calls for CULTURAL REVOLUTION

    • Cleansing of gov’t

    • Many arrested and publically humiliated/killed

    • Mao eventually asked to step down and he does…

  • Mao dies in 1976 leaving behind a vast communist nation with large economic problems


Life after mao
Life after Mao

  • New Leader: DENG XIAOPING

  • Emphasized

    • Progress in Agricultural

    • Industry

    • Defense

    • Science and Technology

  • RESULTS:

    • Economic reforms

    • Increasing food production

    • China more open to foreign tech and invesment…a success


Unexpected results
Unexpected Results

  • Gap between rich and poor increases

  • Western ideas enter China but gov’t does not adopt

    • Democracy

    • Freedoms

  • Chinese university students protest

    • Thousands arrested

    • Hundreds killed


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