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Deaths from smoking. in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Deaths from smoking in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Particular emphasis is given to the number of deaths in middle age (defined as ages 35 to 69) Available on www.deathsfromsmoking.net.

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Deaths from smoking

in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia


Deaths from smoking in the former yugoslav republic of macedonia
Deaths from smokingin the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

  • Particular emphasis is given to the number of deathsin middle age (defined as ages 35 to 69)

  • Available on www.deathsfromsmoking.net

• This presentation provides estimates of the number of deaths caused by smoking in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia


Source of data mortality from smoking in developed countries 1950 2000
Source of data: “Mortality from Smoking in Developed Countries, 1950–2000”

  • Uses WHO mortality data for lung cancer and for other diseases, and UN population data

• Updated edition of a 1994 book, authored by an international team of scientists:

– Richard Peto, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Oxford

– Alan Lopez, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Queensland

– Jillian Boreham, Senior Research Fellow, University of Oxford

– Michael Thun, Chief of Epidemiology, American Cancer Society

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Annual deaths from smoking

FYR Macedonia, year 2000 Countries, 1950–2000”

Annual deaths from smoking

  • About 1,000 die in middle age from smoking

  • Many of those killed in middle age would have lived on for 10, 20, 30 or more good years

  • About 20 years of life are lost, on average, by those killed in middle age by smoking

• Smoking kills about 2,000 people a year in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Smoking causes about three times as many deaths as all non medical causes put together

2,000 Countries, 1950–2000”smoking

728*non-medical

Murder/assault Falls

Suicide Drowning

Road accidents Poisoning

Plane crashes Fires

Train crashes Floods/storms

Accidents at work Other natural disasters

Accidents at home Other accidents

*in year 2000

FYR Macedonia, year 2000

Smoking causes about three times as many deaths as all non-medical causes put together

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Smoking kills 2 000 people a year from many different diseases

700 Countries, 1950–2000”cancer*

800vascular

(heart disease,

stroke and other diseases of the arteries and veins)

200respiratory

300other

*includes 500 (83%) ofthe 599 lung cancer deaths

FYR Macedonia, year 2000

Smoking kills 2,000 people a year,from many different diseases

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


About one in four of all cancer deaths is due to smoking

3,000 Countries, 1950–2000”total cancer deaths

700 (23%)from smoking

650 (36%)from smoking

1,800male

1,200female

50 (4%)from smoking

FYR Macedonia, year 2000

About one in four of all cancer deathsis due to smoking

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Male deaths in middle age from smoking

FYR Macedonia, year 2000 Countries, 1950–2000”

Male deaths in middle age from smoking

  • This pattern is seen first in middle age, then in old age

  • The next three slides concentrate on male deathsin middle age

• The main pattern of increase and, eventually, decrease in premature deaths from smoking is at a more advanced stage among men than among women

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


About one in three of all deaths in middle aged men is due to smoking

FYR Macedonia, year 2000 Countries, 1950–2000”

About one in three of all deaths inmiddle-aged men is due to smoking*

*1,300 (33%) of the4,000 deaths at ages 35-69

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Of 100 men aged 35 years

Countries, 1950–2000”36 die in middle age*

• 11 of these 36 deaths are from smoking

36%

11

*risks at year 2000death rates for ages 35-69

FYR Macedonia, year 2000

Of 100 men aged 35 years …

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Summary for the whole population

FYR Macedonia, year 2000 Countries, 1950–2000”

Summary for the whole population

In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:

  • Smoking kills about 2,000 men and women every year

  • About 1,000 die in middle age from smoking

  • Smoking causes about three times as many deaths as all non-medical causes put together

  • About one in four of all cancer deaths is due to smoking

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Messages for the individual smoker
Messages for the individual smoker Countries, 1950–2000”

  • Those killed in middle age lose many years

  • Stopping smoking works

    • Even in early middle age, those who stop (before they have lung cancer or some other fatal disease) avoid most of their risk of being killed by tobacco

    • Stopping before middle age works even better

• The risk is big: about half are killed

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


  • Deaths from smoking: Countries, 1950–2000”an electronic resource

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  • Published by

  • International Union Against Cancer (UICC), Geneva: Switzerland, 2006

  • Funded by

  • Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), University of Oxford

  • International Union Against Cancer (UICC)

  • Fogarty International Center, US NIH

  • UK Medical Research Council

  • Cancer Research UK

  • Project team Richard Peto, Judith Watt, Jillian Boreham

  • Project management Sinéad Jones

  • Advice and support Steve Woodward, Konrad Jamrozik, Lesley Walker, Trish Cotter

  • Design bwa-design.co.uk


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