MRes 2014 - 2015
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MRes 2014 - 2015. Research Development. Zosia Chrzanowska-Lightowlers Deputy DPD Director of Admissions and Recruitment. Research Development. Try to make full use of this year At the end you will need references and ~ Marks come first ~ other indicators of responsibility or

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MRes 2014 - 2015

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Mres 2014 2015

MRes 2014 - 2015

Research Development

Zosia Chrzanowska-Lightowlers

Deputy DPD

Director of Admissions and Recruitment


Mres 2014 2015

Research Development

Try to make full use of this year

At the end you will need references and

~ Marks come first

~ other indicators of responsibility or

~ academic involvement

Will help make you stand out from other applicants


Mres 2014 2015

Research Development

Try to make full use of this year

At the end you will need references and

~ Marks come firstWORK HARD

~ other indicators of responsibility or STUDENT REP / UNI SOCIETIES

~ academic involvement

HELP IN LABS / Professional Society MEMBERSHIP

Will help make you stand out from other applicants


Mres 2014 2015

www.biochemistry.org

Your gateway to the

Molecular biosciencenetwork

And SAVE!

Attendmeetings & eventsfor less

Apply for generous grants & bursaries

FREE subscriptionto theBiochemistmagazine

FREEonline access to career information & support

Organise aYoung Life Scientist Symposium

Join the Biochemical Society at www.biochemistry.org/join


Mres 2014 2015

www.biochemistry.org

http://www.genetics.org.uk/

http://www.physoc.org/

It is up to you to actively participate


Mres 2014 2015

MRes 2014 - 2015

Good Academic Practice

Zosia Chrzanowska-Lightowlers

Deputy DPD

Director of Admissions and Recruitment


Mres 2014 2015

Good Academic Practice

Why do we have rules in place ?

Because we want you to do well !!!!!


Mres 2014 2015

Good Academic Practice

Many aspects

  • General good practice

    Scientific and academic

  • Collusion

  • Plagiarism

Much of this is also in your handbook

USE IT, don’t throw it away !!


Mres 2014 2015

General good practice

Attendance:

  • Attendance at lectures is COMPULSORY

  • Registers are taken at each session, make sure you sign in

  • Reading blackboard is not the same

  • Why?

    • You are learning from experts, not distance learning

    • For international students it is a University obligation to the UK border agency

    • We NEED to know if you have a problem !!


Mres 2014 2015

General good practice

Attendance: Leave of Absence

  • Full-time Course

  • Requires minimum 9am to 5pm (or equivalent)

  • Requires a minimum of 5 days per week

  • Absences must be approved (by DPD)

    • Ideally prior to absence

    • In emergencies after absence

  • Why?

    • Progress issue

    • Can influence marks

    • Adverse circumstances are taken into account at BoE


Mres 2014 2015

General good practice

Attendance: Sickness

  • Must let the Graduate School know

  • Self certification

  • Doctor’s certificate

  • Longer absences

    • Obtain supporting documentation to supply with PEC form

  • Why?

    • Progress issue

    • Can influence marks

    • Adverse circumstances are taken into account at BoE


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Submitting work

  • All work is submitted electronically through NESS, hence the time of submission is recorded


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Submitting work

  • We know if it is LATE

  • Late hand-in of work carries a penalty:

    • without good cause maximum mark of 50% up to 7 days


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Submitting work

  • We know if it is LATE

  • Late hand-in of work carries a penalty:

    • without good cause maximum mark of 50% up to 7 days

    • After 7 days if no extension is granted mark of zero (0%) will apply


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Submitting work

  • We know if it is LATE

  • Late hand-in of work carries a penalty:

    • without good cause maximum mark of 50% up to 7 days

    • After 7 days if no extension is granted mark of zero (0%) will apply

    • If a resubmission and late then receives zero (0%)


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Submitting work

  • We know if it is LATE

  • Late hand-in of work carries a penalty:

    • without good cause maximum mark of 50% up to 7 days

    • After 7 days if no extension is granted mark of zero (0%) will apply

    • If a resubmission and late then receives zero (0%)

    • Non submission receives a mark of zero (0%)


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Submitting work

  • We know if it is LATE

  • Late hand-in of work carries a penalty:

    • without good cause maximum mark of 50% up to 7 days

    • After 7 days if no extension is granted mark of zero (0%) will apply

    • If a resubmission and late then receives zero (0%)

    • Non submission receives a mark of zero (0%)

    • be early, include traffic / computer problems in your plans


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Submitting work

  • We know if it is LATE

  • Late hand-in of work carries a penalty:

    • without good cause maximum mark of 50% up to 7 days

    • After 7 days if no extension is granted mark of zero (0%) will apply

    • If a resubmission and late then receives zero (0%)

    • Non submission receives a mark of zero (0%)

  • be early, include traffic / computer problems in your plans

  • request an extension if required but NOT after deadline.

  • Remember LATE is BAD


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Taking notes

  • Go and consolidate your understanding after each lecture

  • Don’t wait until the week before exams !

  • Remember that for each 1 credit you should be

    working for 10 hours


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Taking notes

  • Go and consolidate your understanding after each lecture

  • Don’t wait until the week before exams !

  • Read what is on the recommended list

  • DO NOT presume this is ALL you need to read


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Taking notes

  • Go and consolidate your understanding after each lecture

  • Don’t wait until the week before exams !

  • Read what is on the recommended list

  • DO NOT presume this is ALL you need to read

  • Spend TIME doing literature searches to find reviews/articles

    that improve your understanding

    and broaden your knowledge


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

  • Remember this is a POSTGRADUATE degree

  • It is a research degree NOT a taught degree

  • Do not expect handouts in your lectures

  • You are expected to take responsibility for your learning


Mres 2014 2015

General academic good practice

Acceptable Sources of Information

  • Books

  • Journals

  • Lecture notes

  • NOT WIKIPEDIA

  • NOT unreferenced INTERNET publications

  • Use References and Parentheses (“”) for ALL sources including illustrations, but with caution.


Mres 2014 2015

General scientific good practice

NOT EVERYTHING THAT IS PUBLISHED IS CORRECT!!

ONLY 15% OF PUBLICATIONS ARE TRUSTWORTHY

  • Be critical, you are now a postgraduate !!!!

  • Guilty until proven innocent


Mres 2014 2015

General scientific good practice

The peer review process

This is designed to evaluate and critically appraise work

  • do NOT use sources that are NOT peer reviewed.


Mres 2014 2015

General scientific good practice

The peer review process

  • Aims to eliminate any source of error

  • Incorrect statistical analysis

  • Power of study

  • Absence of essential controls

  • Incorrect methodology

  • Over/mis - interpretation of data

  • Lack of reference to any conflicting data

  • Falsification of data


Mres 2014 2015

Falsification of data

This something the

WHOLE scientific community

is concerned about

Not just NU

As budding scientists you TOO

Should be aware, analytical and scientifically critical

This is GOOD scientific practice !


Mres 2014 2015

Peer review cannot guarantee scientific integrity


Mres 2014 2015

Peer review cannot guarantee scientific integrity


Mres 2014 2015

Peer review cannot guarantee scientific integrity

2014 examples


Mres 2014 2015

Peer review cannot guarantee scientific integrity

2014 examples


Mres 2014 2015

Peer review cannot guarantee scientific integrity


Mres 2014 2015

Academic and scientific integrity

We DO NOT anticipate any such problems with YOU !!!

We are training you to understand

good scientific practice, integrity and moral responsibility


Mres 2014 2015

Academic and scientific integrity

We DO NOT anticipate any such problems with YOU !!!

Accidental problems we have encountered are generally

collusion

plagiarism


Mres 2014 2015

Collusion

  • Some of you will be familiar with working in small study groups

  • This is fine -

  • You MUST however complete your

    assignments INDEPENDENTLY

  • Do NOT let someone else ‘borrow’ your finished essay

    You will also be in trouble


Mres 2014 2015

Collusion

  • The consequences of collusion are serious

  • It is a disciplinary offence

  • The penalty can be a mark of 0%


Mres 2014 2015

Plagiarism

What is plagiarism ?

How to avoid plagiarism

How plagiarism is detected

The outcomes of plagiarising


Mres 2014 2015

What is plagiarism ?

In simple terms, it is copying, that is, passing

another persons work off as your own:

‘Text’ - copying text from a book, paper, document etc.

‘Diagrams’ - copying a diagram

‘Idea’ - passing off another persons idea as your own

‘Auto’ - copying from yourself !


Mres 2014 2015

Text plagiarism

  • Basically, this is copying the work of another person (text) and using in your own work

  • Very easy to detect using a computer

  • Can be very easily avoided


Mres 2014 2015

Diagram plagiarism

  • Basically, this is copying the work (diagram) of another person and using in your own work

  • Not easy to detect using a computer

  • The lecturer will recognise the source of the diagram

  • Can be very easily avoided


Mres 2014 2015

Idea plagiarism

  • Passing off the ideas / thoughts / hypothesis / hypotheses of another person as your own

  • Cannot be detected by computer

  • Can be detected by ‘an expert’:

    • Your lecturer, who set the essay / exam question, will be very familiar with the latest ideas and thoughts on a subject and will recognise ideas / thoughts from other scientists / researchers/groups


Mres 2014 2015

Auto plagiarism

  • Possibly a difficult concept

  • Basically, think of this as handing in the same piece of work twice for 2 different assessments

  • This has happened and it comes up as a disciplinary issue (ZERO %).


Mres 2014 2015

How to avoid plagiarism

Three common forms of plagiarism:

Student 1 - takes the paragraph and just uses it

Student 2 - uses a dictionary and changes a few words

Student 3 - takes parts of some sentences, changes

some words, adds some material

DON’T !!!!!!


Mres 2014 2015

TEXT

  • Make notes in YOUR OWN words

  • Make notes from a number of sources and then combine

  • Don’t copy and paste

Quotes - material in “quotation marks” will not be considered

as plagiarised.

However, NOTE you will NOT get credit for what is in the quote


Mres 2014 2015

Figures and drawings

  • Yes, you can use figures and drawings from textbooks and papers, but you MUST STATE from where they came

  • If you draw your own version ……..and add additional details / new facts you should still state that the figure is based on, or adapted from, where ever you got the ‘base’ figure

  • ~ you will GET MORE MARKS for REDRAWING and ADDING information than just copying a figure…


Mres 2014 2015

More information

  • Your handbook

  • http://bms.ncl.ac.uk/blog/?cat=76

  • University web pages www.ncl.ac.uk/right-cite

Compulsory attendance

Remember to

SIGN the REGISTER


Mres 2014 2015

How plagiarism is detected

Essays (and projects) are submitted electronically

All files are put through detection software


Mres 2014 2015

40% plagiarised

Acceptable medical terminology


Mres 2014 2015

91% plagiarised

Is this AUTO –plagiarism ?


Mres 2014 2015

100% plagiarised


Mres 2014 2015

How plagiarism is detected

Essays (and projects) are submitted electronically and put through detection software


Mres 2014 2015

The consequences of plagiarising

This is described as an assessment irregularity,

it is serious and

it is dealt with officially

You will be asked to attend an interview

with 2 MRes team members (usually Chair of Exam

Board and senior tutor)

You may

  • be given the opportunity to resubmit a new piece of work

    where the maximum mark will be 50%

  • be given 0%

  • you may be expelled from the course


Mres 2014 2015

Why are we concerned about plagiarism ?

  • Your work must be original

  • It is an indicator of whether you understand

  • We are training you to be honest and ethical scientists


Mres 2014 2015

It is not just us who is concerned about plagiarism


Mres 2014 2015

It is not just us who is concerned about plagiarism


Mres 2014 2015

We DO NOT anticipate any such problems with YOU !!!

Good academic practice

is relevant to the whole scientific community

ALL scientists

ALL students

Be AWARE of the pitfalls and TAKE CARE in your work


Mres 2014 2015

MRes 2014-2015

  • Havegood year

  • Learn a lot

  • Meet new people and make friends

  • Broaden your horizons

  • Have fun !

Cite rite awaits you now

SIGN the REGISTER


Mres 2014 2015

Module selection – hopefully completed…..

ONLY if you are fully registered

Log on to the S3P portal – go to Modules tab

should have your module allocation

If NOT fully registered – List on noticeboard in Graduate School

If you requested module changes – these have been

accommodated where possible


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