Assessment of academic achievement
Download
1 / 34

Assessment of Academic Achievement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 165 Views
  • Uploaded on

Assessment of Academic Achievement. Chapter Eight. CHAPTER OBJECTIVES. Understand the purpose of achievement tests Understand why individually administered achievement tests are preferred rather than group achievement tests Discuss oral reading and miscues associated with it

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Assessment of Academic Achievement' - melvin-holman


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Chapter objectives
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES

  • Understand the purpose of achievement tests

  • Understand why individually administered achievement tests are preferred rather than group achievement tests

  • Discuss oral reading and miscues associated with it

  • Understand the different types of reading comprehension

  • Understand word recognition and word attack skills


Chapter objectives1
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES

  • Thoroughly evaluate the various reading assessment measures

  • Understand written composition and the tests associated with it

  • Differentiate between mathematics and arithmetic

  • Identify and thoroughly evaluate the various arithmetic tests

  • Identify and thoroughly tests that measure spelling ability

  • Identify and thoroughly evaluate the various comprehensive achievement tests


Achievement tests
ACHIEVEMENT TESTS

  • Tests designed to assess the academic progress of a student.

  • When doing an evaluation for identification and/or placement in special education, achievement tests will be individually administered.



Oral reading common errors seen on oral reading tests
ORAL READINGCommon errors seen on oral reading tests…

  • Omissions

  • Insertion

  • Substitution

  • Gross mispronunciation of a word

  • Hesitation

  • Inversion

  • Disregard of punctuation


Analyzing oral reading miscues
Analyzing Oral Reading Miscues

An oral reading error is often referred to

as a miscue.

Analysis of miscues can be of two types:

  • Quantitative miscues

  • Qualitative miscues


Miscues are significant when
Miscues are significant when…

  • The meaning of the sentence is altered and the student does not correct the miscue.

  • A nonword is used in place of a word

  • A partial word is substituted for the word or phrase

  • A word is pronounced for the student


Miscues are not significant when
Miscues are not significant when…

  • The meaning of the sentences undergoes no change or minimal change

  • They are self-corrected by the student

  • They are applicable in the student’s dialect

  • They are later read correctly in the same passage


Reading comprehension
READING COMPREHENSION

Diagnostic testing often assess six kinds of reading comprehension skills:

  • Literal comprehension

  • Inferential comprehension

  • Listening comprehension

  • Critical comprehension

  • Affective comprehension

  • Lexical comprehension


Word recognition skills
Word Recognition Skills

The purpose of word recognition tests are to explore the student’s ability with respect to sight vocabulary.


Word attack skills
Word Attack Skills

Word attack skills are those used to derive meaning and/or pronunciation of a word through context clues, structural analysis, or phonics.


Reading assessment measures
READING ASSESSMENT MEASURES

  • Gates-MacGinitie Silent Reading Tests, 4th Edition

  • Gray Oral Reading Test- 3 (GORT-3)

  • Durrell Analysis or Reading Difficulty (DARD)

  • Gates-McKillop-Horowitz Reading Diagnostic Tests


Reading assessment measures1
READING ASSESSMENT MEASURES

  • Gilmore Oral Reading Test

  • Slosson Oral Reading Test- Revised (SORT-R)

  • Spache Diagnostic Reading Scales (DRS)

  • Woodcock Reading Mastery Test- Revised (WRMT-R)

  • Test of Reading Comprehension, 3rd Edition (TORC-3)


Written expression

WRITTEN EXPRESSION


Handwriting refers to the actual motor

activity that is involved in writing.

Most students are taught manuscript

(printing) initially and then move to cursive

writing (script) in later grades.

Handwriting skills are usually measured

through the use of informal assessment

measures.


The term writing refers to a variety of interrelated graphic skills including
The term writing refers to a variety of interrelated graphic skills including:

  • Composition

  • Spelling

  • Handwriting


Tests of written language
TESTS OF WRITTEN LANGUAGE

  • Test of Early Written Language- 2 (TEWL-2)

  • Test of Written Language- 3 (TOWL-3)

  • Test of Written Expression (TOWE)

  • Written Expression Scale (WES)

  • Writing Process Test (WPT)

  • Mather-Woodcock Group Writing Tests (MWGWT)



Mathematics refers to the

study of numbers and their

relationships to time, space,

volume and geometry.

Arithmetic refers to the

operations or computations

performed.


Three types of classifications are involved in diagnostic math tests
Three types of classifications are involved in diagnostic math tests:

  • Content

  • Operations

  • Applications


Analysis interpretation of math skills
Analysis & Interpretation of Math Skills math tests:

Four error types in computational analysis:

  • Incorrect operation

  • Incorrect number fact

  • Incorrect algorithm

  • Random error


Assessment of mathematical abilities
ASSESSMENT OF MATHEMATICAL ABILITIES math tests:

  • Key Math Diagnostic Arithmetic Tests- Revised (Key Math-R)

  • Test of Early Mathematics Ability- 2 (TEMA-2)

  • Test of Mathematical Abilities- 2 (TOMA-2)

  • Diagnostic Mathematics Inventory/Mathematics Systems (DMI/MS)

  • Stanford Diagnostic Mathematical Test- 4 (SDMT-4)


Spelling

SPELLING math tests:


Spelling math tests: is the ability to

use letters to construct

words in accordance

with accepted usage.


Analysis of spelling skills
Analysis of Spelling Skills math tests:

Several questions should be addressed before one begins to analyze the results of the spelling subtest:

  • Does the child have sufficient mental ability to learn to spell?

  • Are the child’s hearing, speech and vision adequate?

  • What are the child’s general level of spelling ability according to teacher comments, past evaluations, or standardized tests?


Spelling errors primarily due to auditory or visual channel deficits
Spelling Errors Primarily Due math tests: to Auditory or Visual Channel Deficits

  • Auditory discrimination problems or cultural problems

  • Auditory discrimination problems

  • Auditory acuity or discrimination problems

  • Auditory-visual association

  • Auditory-visual associative memory

Certain spelling errors may be evident in students with certain auditory channel deficits:


Certain spelling errors may be evident in students with certain visual channel deficits
Certain spelling errors may be evident in students with certain visual channel deficits:

  • Visual memory problems

  • Visual memory sequence

  • Visual discrimination problems

  • Visual memory


Assessment of spelling
ASSESSMENT OF SPELLING certain visual channel deficits:

  • Diagnostic Word Patterns

  • Test of Written Spelling- 4 (TWS-4)

  • Spellmaster Assessment and Teaching Systems (SATS)


Comprehensive tests
COMPREHENSIVE TESTS certain visual channel deficits:

  • Brigance Diagnostic Inventory of Basic Skills

  • Kaufman Tests of Educational Achievement (KTEA)

  • Peabody Individual Achievement Test- Revised (PIAT-R)

  • Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-2 (WIAT-2)


Comprehensive tests1
COMPREHENSIVE TESTS certain visual channel deficits:

  • Wide Range Achievement Test-3 (WRAT-3)

  • Woodcock-Johnson Achievement Test-III (WJ-III)

  • Test of Academic Achievement Skills- Revised (TAAS-R)


Chapter objectives2
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES certain visual channel deficits:

  • Understand the purpose of achievement tests

  • Understand why individually administered achievement tests are preferred rather than group achievement tests

  • Discuss oral reading and miscues associated with it

  • Understand the different types of reading comprehension

  • Understand word recognition and word attack skills


Chapter objectives3
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES certain visual channel deficits:

  • Thoroughly evaluate the various reading assessment measures

  • Understand written composition and the tests associated with it

  • Differentiate between mathematics and arithmetic

  • Identify and thoroughly evaluate the various arithmetic tests

  • Identify and thoroughly tests that measure spelling ability

  • Identify and thoroughly evaluate the various comprehensive achievement tests


The end

THE END certain visual channel deficits:


ad