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Counseling Center, UC. VETERANS AND Military Personnel on Campus. Remember Me. Suggestion of Steve Frantz, MN. Today’s Presentation. Who are veterans and other military? What have they experienced? What is the transition process?

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Counseling center uc

Counseling Center, UC

VETERANS AND Military Personnel on Campus

Remember me
Remember Me


  • Suggestion of Steve Frantz, MN

Today s presentation
Today’s Presentation

  • Who are veterans and other military?

  • What have they experienced?

  • What is the transition process?

  • What can YOU do to be most effective?

Who are they
Who are they?

  • Military Veterans

  • Military Reserve Components

    1 weekend/4, 2 weeks/52

  • Reserves

  • National Guard

  • Inactive Duty

  • Family members

Active duty demographics
Active Duty demographics

  • 1.5 million + in military

  • Primarily 19-30 year old men

  • enlisted average age 27, 85% male

  • officer corps average age 34, 84% male

  • Approx. 50% married

  • 43% have children (average number, 2)

  • Up to 52% dual service families

  • DOD 2004 Report

Why are they in school
Why are they in school?

  • $ for college a motivator to join military

  • Improved GI benefits

  • Ohio Initiative—will it have an impact?

Our uc students
*Our UC Students

  • Fall quarter 2009

  • Veterans = 516

  • Guard or Reserve =126

    Registrar’s Office, UC

Why uc
*Why UC?

  • Focus group 2008

  • Local, started here, family nearby

  • Specific academic programs

  • Credits for military experience, education, and courses

  • Veterans Advisory Committee report, 2009

Military values
Military Values

  • Loyalty

  • Duty

  • Respect

  • Selfless Service

  • Honor

  • Integrity

  • Personal Courage


  • Mature

  • Clear and serious priorities

  • Confident

  • Courageous

  • Cross-cultural knowledge

  • Determined

  • Disciplined

  • Focused

  • Goal directed

  • Focused, sense of purpose, goal directed

  • Inner strength

  • Persevere

  • Problem solving skills

  • Responsible

  • Sense of purpose

Nice qualities to have

in your classroom??

What have vets experienced
What have vets experienced? graduation

  • “Stop loss” multiple tours of duty:

    Serving 1-2 more tours of duty than

    anticipated—some have 4-5 tours;

    increased use of Reserves

    and National Guard

    260-280 days/year in conflict

    WWII 40-60 days

Tough realities of combat
graduationTough Realities of Combat”

  • Fear is ubiquitous

  • Unit members will be injured and killed

  • Communications will break down

  • Leadership failures will be perceived

  • Combat poses moral and ethical challenges

  • Environment is harsh and demanding*

  • WRAIR Land Combat Study Team

Harsh environment
*Harsh environment graduation

Extreme heat

24 hour operations

Constant movement by ground or air

Crowded, uncomfortable living conditions

Limited downtime

Difficult communications

Center for Deployment Psychology, 2009

Iraq and afghanistan
Iraq and Afghanistan graduation

  • No front line

  • Highly ambiguous environment

  • Complex and changing missions

    combat, peacekeeping, humanitarian

    Center for Deployment Psychology, 2009

  • Prolonged stress graduation

  • Improvised explosive devices

  • Women: sexual assault and harassment

  • Physical injury with high survival rate…90%+

    6% current conflict vets are amputees

    Physical and emotional trauma

Iraq combat experiences
Iraq Combat Experiences graduation

  • Seen dead bodies, remains 95%

  • Shot at 93%

  • Attacked or ambushed 89%

  • Know someone killed, injured 86%

  • Fired at enemy 77%

  • Hoge et al, NEJM 2004, reported in CDP 2009

It s all about
It’s all about… graduation


Transition military to school
Transition: Military to School graduation

  • Moving In: why join, getting called up, serving overseas

  • Moving Through: combat duty, memorable experiences, earning credits

  • Moving Out: transition program, returning home, academic preparation

  • DiRamio et. al. NASPA Journal

Deployment affects the whole family
Deployment Affects the Whole Family graduation

  • Family roles, routines, communications

  • Loneliness

  • Finances

  • Fears

  • Children’s needs

College themes
College Themes graduation

  • Connecting with peers

  • Blending In

  • Faculty

  • Campus vets office

  • Finances

  • Students with disabilities

  • Mental health and PTSD

  • DiRamio, NASPA Journal

Homecoming a process over time
Homecoming: graduationA Process Over Time

  • Military culture to civilian culture

  • Battlemind to Homemind (Schoolmind)

  • High school…military…college

Battlemind graduation

  • Focus on mission—nothing else matters

  • Truly life or death

  • Constant adrenaline rush

  • Black or white, all or nothing

  • Sense of purpose, invincibility

  • Trust battle buddies only; others = threat

  • Need to control environment

  • Real problems and needs exist there

  • COL Kevin Gerdes Briefing, reported in CDP Training 2009

Homemind graduation

  • Life now unfocused and complex

  • No longer life and death

  • What can replace the “high”?

  • Things are not clear cut

  • Loss in sense of purpose

  • Can’t trust anybody

  • Can’t be in control of surroundings

  • Problems pale in comparison

  • COL Kevin Gerdes, 2008, reported in CDP 2009

Challenges graduation

  • Lost camaraderie

  • Lost institutionalization

  • Academic deficiencies

  • Not fitting in—maturity, political climate, feel isolated

  • Family readjustment graduation

    changed roles and responsibilities

    spouse/partner may still be


    balancing school, work, family

  • Finances graduation

    gap between benefits and expenses

    unaware of benefits

    not all classes or programs qualify

    Even more of an issue for single mothers

Reservists graduation

  • Return to civilian life

  • Job may be gone

  • May have reduced income

  • May lose health care coverage

  • Loss of unit and military support for family

  • Lack of observation/ follow up to assess needs

  • Center for Deployment Psychology, 20009

Channeling strengths
Channeling Strengths graduation

Skills for survival in combat must shift, toward

  • Flexibility

  • React slower

  • Relax

  • Talk

  • Reduce alcohol

  • Show emotions

  • Negotiate

  • Forge new identity

  • Combat to Classroom

How do vets feel on campus focus group 2008 naspa
How do vets feel on campus? graduationFocus group 2008 (NASPA)

  • Like other non-traditional students, but “severely non-traditional”

  • Transition to freedom of campus environment after years of orders

  • Annoyed with disorganization

  • Don’t want anything special graduation

  • Want to be recognized, want faculty to care about them

  • Don’t want “liberal” faculty poking and prodding; harassment

  • Want to connect with others, but may not show friendliness

Around deployments
Around deployments graduation

  • College of Arts and Sciences

  • Military Reserve Component Student Activation Grading Policy

  • Instructor Awareness Form

  • “Person of Contact”

Health and disability
Health and Disability graduation

  • Physical injury and survival

  • Loss of limbs

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury tbi
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) graduation

  • Blow, jolt, or penetrating injury that affects brain function

  • Mild to severe

  • Short to long term problems

  • CDP 2004 reported in CDP 2009

Tbi symptoms
TBI Symptoms graduation

  • Headaches, dizziness, tiredness, ringing in ears, blurred vision or tired eyes, sleep, balance

  • Sensitivity to sound, light, distractions

  • Memory, attention, concentration, organizing, decision-making, problem solving; slowed down

  • Irritability, anxiety, sadness, impulsivity

  • Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center , 2007; VA Hospital

Mental health
Mental Health graduation

  • At risk for combat stress reaction

    and ptsd

  • Depression, anger, aggression, suicidal thoughts, self-blame, guilt, shame

Combat stress reaction
Combat Stress Reaction graduation

  • Perseverating on combat experiences

  • Nightmares or trouble sleeping

  • Angry, tense, jumpy

  • Feel futility

  • Trouble trusting

  • Symptoms last days or weeks, a normal response

PTSD graduation

  • Re-experiencing thru nightmares, flashbacks, intrusive thoughts and memories

  • Avoidance feeling numb, detached, estranged; avoid reminders

  • On edge trouble relaxing, sleeping, hyper-vigilant, irritable, startle easily

  • May have delayed onset

Campus resources
Campus resources graduation

  • Vets advisor, Transfer and Lifelong Learning, Registrar’s Office

  • Counseling Center

  • Disability Services Office

  • Learning Assistance Center

  • University Judicial Affairs

  • Campus Ministry

  • Women’s Center

  • Dean’s Office

Counseling center web resources
Counseling Center graduation Web resources








Vet2vet crisis hotline 1 877 838 2838
Vet2Vet Crisis Hotline graduation1-877-838-2838

Cincinnati VA Hospital—OEF/OIF Clinic

primary care

mental health services

military sexual trauma

case management

Recommended reading
Recommended Reading) graduation

The Good Soldiers

David Finkel

  • President Bush announced “the surge” in January 2007. David Finkel accompanied the army infantry soldiers of the 2-16 (the Rangers) for 15 months in Iraq, reporting their story.

Final Salute: A Story of Unfinished Lives graduation

Jim Sheeler

  • Sheeler follows the experiences of several military men and their families through the work of Major Steve Beck, a Marine who specializes in helping the bereaved. Based on a Pulitzer prize-winning report.

Coppola: A Pediatric Surgeon in Iraq graduation

Chris Coppola

  • Dr. Chris Coppola’s had two tours of duty as a US Air Force surgeon in Iraq. Trained as a pediatric surgeon, he treated wounded soldiers (both US and Iraqi) and children, setting aside his personal beliefs about the war.

Sources: Members on Campus

  • Center for Deployment Psychology workshop materials 2009:

  • DOD 2004 Report

  • WRAIR Land Combat Study

  • Defense and Veterans Brain Injury

  • Center (Walter Reed Army Medical

  • Center);

  • Hoges Members on Campus, C.W. et. al. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care. New England Journal of Medicine, 351: 13-22.

  • DiRamio, D. et. a. (2008). From combat to campus: Voices of student-veterans. NASPA Journal, 45, pp. 73-102.

  • Myles, C. (20080. From combat to classroom; transitions of modern warriors.


Counseling center
Counseling Center Members on Campus

  • Confidential counseling for UC students – individual and group

  • Free walk-in urgent care services during business hours

  • Consultation with faculty, staff, family, and friends concerned about a student

  • Workshops and presentations – stress management, communication, relationships and balancing demands, and other life-enhancing topics

    316 Dyer Hall (513) 556-0648