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Counseling Center, UC. VETERANS AND Military Personnel on Campus. Remember Me. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ervaMPt4Ha0 Suggestion of Steve Frantz, MN. Today’s Presentation. Who are veterans and other military? What have they experienced? What is the transition process?

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VETERANS AND Military Personnel on Campus

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Counseling Center, UC

VETERANS AND Military Personnel on Campus


Remember Me

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ervaMPt4Ha0

  • Suggestion of Steve Frantz, MN


Today’s Presentation

  • Who are veterans and other military?

  • What have they experienced?

  • What is the transition process?

  • What can YOU do to be most effective?


Who are they?

  • Military Veterans

  • Military Reserve Components

    1 weekend/4, 2 weeks/52

  • Reserves

  • National Guard

  • Inactive Duty

  • Family members


Active Duty demographics

  • 1.5 million + in military

  • Primarily 19-30 year old men

  • enlisted average age 27, 85% male

  • officer corps average age 34, 84% male

  • Approx. 50% married

  • 43% have children (average number, 2)

  • Up to 52% dual service families

  • DOD 2004 Report


Why are they in school?

  • $ for college a motivator to join military

  • Improved GI benefits

  • Ohio Initiative—will it have an impact?


*Our UC Students

  • Fall quarter 2009

  • Veterans = 516

  • Guard or Reserve =126

    Registrar’s Office, UC


*Why UC?

  • Focus group 2008

  • Local, started here, family nearby

  • Specific academic programs

  • Credits for military experience, education, and courses

  • Veterans Advisory Committee report, 2009


Military Values

  • Loyalty

  • Duty

  • Respect

  • Selfless Service

  • Honor

  • Integrity

  • Personal Courage


Strengths

  • Mature

  • Clear and serious priorities

  • Confident

  • Courageous

  • Cross-cultural knowledge

  • Determined

  • Disciplined

  • Focused


  • Goal directed

  • Focused, sense of purpose, goal directed

  • Inner strength

  • Persevere

  • Problem solving skills

  • Responsible

  • Sense of purpose


Nice qualities to have

in your classroom??


  • Financial support, maturity, and experience all predict graduation

  • But veterans have higher attrition

  • What can we do to help them succeed ?


What have vets experienced?

  • “Stop loss” multiple tours of duty:

    Serving 1-2 more tours of duty than

    anticipated—some have 4-5 tours;

    increased use of Reserves

    and National Guard

    260-280 days/year in conflict

    WWII 40-60 days


“Tough Realities of Combat”

  • Fear is ubiquitous

  • Unit members will be injured and killed

  • Communications will break down

  • Leadership failures will be perceived

  • Combat poses moral and ethical challenges

  • Environment is harsh and demanding*

  • WRAIR Land Combat Study Team


*Harsh environment

Extreme heat

24 hour operations

Constant movement by ground or air

Crowded, uncomfortable living conditions

Limited downtime

Difficult communications

Center for Deployment Psychology, 2009


Iraq and Afghanistan

  • No front line

  • Highly ambiguous environment

  • Complex and changing missions

    combat, peacekeeping, humanitarian

    Center for Deployment Psychology, 2009


  • Prolonged stress

  • Improvised explosive devices

  • Women: sexual assault and harassment

  • Physical injury with high survival rate…90%+

    6% current conflict vets are amputees

    Physical and emotional trauma


Iraq Combat Experiences

  • Seen dead bodies, remains 95%

  • Shot at 93%

  • Attacked or ambushed 89%

  • Know someone killed, injured 86%

  • Fired at enemy 77%

  • Hoge et al, NEJM 2004, reported in CDP 2009


It’s all about…

TRANSITION


Transition: Military to School

  • Moving In: why join, getting called up, serving overseas

  • Moving Through: combat duty, memorable experiences, earning credits

  • Moving Out: transition program, returning home, academic preparation

  • DiRamio et. al. NASPA Journal


Deployment Affects the Whole Family

  • Family roles, routines, communications

  • Loneliness

  • Finances

  • Fears

  • Children’s needs


College Themes

  • Connecting with peers

  • Blending In

  • Faculty

  • Campus vets office

  • Finances

  • Students with disabilities

  • Mental health and PTSD

  • DiRamio, NASPA Journal


Homecoming:A Process Over Time

  • Military culture to civilian culture

  • Battlemind to Homemind (Schoolmind)

  • High school…military…college


Battlemind

  • Focus on mission—nothing else matters

  • Truly life or death

  • Constant adrenaline rush

  • Black or white, all or nothing

  • Sense of purpose, invincibility

  • Trust battle buddies only; others = threat

  • Need to control environment

  • Real problems and needs exist there

  • COL Kevin Gerdes Briefing, reported in CDP Training 2009


Homemind

  • Life now unfocused and complex

  • No longer life and death

  • What can replace the “high”?

  • Things are not clear cut

  • Loss in sense of purpose

  • Can’t trust anybody

  • Can’t be in control of surroundings

  • Problems pale in comparison

  • COL Kevin Gerdes, 2008, reported in CDP 2009


Challenges

  • Lost camaraderie

  • Lost institutionalization

  • Academic deficiencies

  • Not fitting in—maturity, political climate, feel isolated


  • Family readjustment

    changed roles and responsibilities

    spouse/partner may still be

    overseas

    balancing school, work, family


  • Finances

    gap between benefits and expenses

    unaware of benefits

    not all classes or programs qualify

    Even more of an issue for single mothers


Reservists

  • Return to civilian life

  • Job may be gone

  • May have reduced income

  • May lose health care coverage

  • Loss of unit and military support for family

  • Lack of observation/ follow up to assess needs

  • Center for Deployment Psychology, 20009


Channeling Strengths

Skills for survival in combat must shift, toward

  • Flexibility

  • React slower

  • Relax

  • Talk

  • Reduce alcohol

  • Show emotions

  • Negotiate

  • Forge new identity

  • Combat to Classroom


How do vets feel on campus?Focus group 2008 (NASPA)

  • Like other non-traditional students, but “severely non-traditional”

  • Transition to freedom of campus environment after years of orders

  • Annoyed with disorganization


  • Don’t want anything special

  • Want to be recognized, want faculty to care about them

  • Don’t want “liberal” faculty poking and prodding; harassment

  • Want to connect with others, but may not show friendliness


Around deployments

  • College of Arts and Sciences

  • Military Reserve Component Student Activation Grading Policy

  • Instructor Awareness Form

  • “Person of Contact”


Health and Disability

  • Physical injury and survival

  • Loss of limbs

  • Traumatic Brain Injury


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

  • Blow, jolt, or penetrating injury that affects brain function

  • Mild to severe

  • Short to long term problems

  • CDP 2004 reported in CDP 2009


TBI Symptoms

  • Headaches, dizziness, tiredness, ringing in ears, blurred vision or tired eyes, sleep, balance

  • Sensitivity to sound, light, distractions

  • Memory, attention, concentration, organizing, decision-making, problem solving; slowed down

  • Irritability, anxiety, sadness, impulsivity

  • Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center , 2007; VA Hospital


Mental Health

  • At risk for combat stress reaction

    and ptsd

  • Depression, anger, aggression, suicidal thoughts, self-blame, guilt, shame


Combat Stress Reaction

  • Perseverating on combat experiences

  • Nightmares or trouble sleeping

  • Angry, tense, jumpy

  • Feel futility

  • Trouble trusting

  • Symptoms last days or weeks, a normal response


PTSD

  • Re-experiencing thru nightmares, flashbacks, intrusive thoughts and memories

  • Avoidance feeling numb, detached, estranged; avoid reminders

  • On edge trouble relaxing, sleeping, hyper-vigilant, irritable, startle easily

  • May have delayed onset


  • Recognize possible ptsd, tbi, other difficulties and use existing resources

  • Consult with Counseling Center

  • Refer to DSO for accommodations

  • Classroom management, UJA


Campus resources

  • Vets advisor, Transfer and Lifelong Learning, Registrar’s Office

  • Counseling Center

  • Disability Services Office

  • Learning Assistance Center

  • University Judicial Affairs

  • Campus Ministry

  • Women’s Center

  • Dean’s Office


Counseling Center Web resources

  • http://www.afterdeployment.org

  • http://www.dvbic.org

  • www.militaryonesource.com

  • http://archive.sesameworkshop.org/tlc/

  • http://www.studentveterans.org/resourcelibrary/

  • http://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/index.asp

  • https://www.woundedwarriorproject.org/content/view/858/1053/


Vet2Vet Crisis Hotline1-877-838-2838

Cincinnati VA Hospital—OEF/OIF Clinic

primary care

mental health services

military sexual trauma

case management


Recommended Reading)

The Good Soldiers

David Finkel

  • President Bush announced “the surge” in January 2007. David Finkel accompanied the army infantry soldiers of the 2-16 (the Rangers) for 15 months in Iraq, reporting their story.


Final Salute: A Story of Unfinished Lives

Jim Sheeler

  • Sheeler follows the experiences of several military men and their families through the work of Major Steve Beck, a Marine who specializes in helping the bereaved. Based on a Pulitzer prize-winning report.


Coppola: A Pediatric Surgeon in Iraq

Chris Coppola

  • Dr. Chris Coppola’s had two tours of duty as a US Air Force surgeon in Iraq. Trained as a pediatric surgeon, he treated wounded soldiers (both US and Iraqi) and children, setting aside his personal beliefs about the war.


  • From Soldier to Student: Easing the Transition of Service Members on Campus

  • American Council on Education, 2009

  • http://www.soc.aascu.org/pubfiles/socmisc/Student_Soldier.pdf


Sources:

  • Center for Deployment Psychology workshop materials 2009:

  • DOD 2004 Report

  • WRAIR Land Combat Study

  • Defense and Veterans Brain Injury

  • Center (Walter Reed Army Medical

  • Center); www.DVBIC.org


  • Hoges, C.W. et. al. (2004). Combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan, mental health problems, and barriers to care. New England Journal of Medicine, 351: 13-22.

  • DiRamio, D. et. a. (2008). From combat to campus: Voices of student-veterans. NASPA Journal, 45, pp. 73-102.

  • Myles, C. (20080. From combat to classroom; transitions of modern warriors.

  • http://services.exams.wisc.edu


Counseling Center

  • Confidential counseling for UC students – individual and group

  • Free walk-in urgent care services during business hours

  • Consultation with faculty, staff, family, and friends concerned about a student

  • Workshops and presentations – stress management, communication, relationships and balancing demands, and other life-enhancing topics

    316 Dyer Hall (513) 556-0648

    www.uc.edu/cc


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