Prisons and jails
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Prisons and Jails. Early Punishments Lex Talionis Flogging Mutilation Branding Public Humiliation: Shaming Workhouses Exile. Prisons and Jails. The Emergence of Prisons the Penitentiary Era (1790-1825) Philadelphia’s Walnut Street Jail Pennsylvania System

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Prisons and Jails

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Prisons and jails

Prisons and Jails

  • Early PunishmentsLex TalionisFloggingMutilationBrandingPublic Humiliation: Shaming

    WorkhousesExile


Prisons and jails1

Prisons and Jails

  • The Emergence of Prisons the Penitentiary Era (1790-1825)Philadelphia’s Walnut Street JailPennsylvania System

  • The Mass Prison Era (1825-1876)Auburn Model


Prisons and jails2

Prisons and Jails

  • The Reformatory Era (1876-1890)Alexander Maconochi and Sir Walter Crofton (Irish prisons).

    The Elmira Reformatory and the Birth of Parole.

  • The Industrial Era (1890-1935)Prison Industries: Hawes-Cooper Act


Prisons and jails3

Prisons and Jails

  • The Punitive Era (1935-1945)

  • The Treatment Era (1945-1967)Therapeutic Model: Rehabilitation

  • The Community-Based Era (1967-1980) Work releases, halfway houses

  • Warehousing Era (1980-1995)mandatory sentences: 3 strikes and you’re out. Rise of prison populations.


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Prisons and Jails

  • The Just Desserts (1995- Present)

  • Prisons Today

  • The Federal Prison SystemBOPSentencing Reform Act

  • Classification of Federal System5 Security levels


Prisons and jails5

Prisons and Jails

  • Classification of Federal System5 Security levelsAdmin. Max (ADMAX)High, Medium, low and minimumHigh=PenitentiariesMedium and Low=Federal Correctional InstitutionsMinimum=Federal Prison Camps


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Prisons and Jails

  • Jails Called the Shame of the CJS

  • Private Prisons


Probation and parole

Probation and Parole

  • What is Probation?

  • Extent of Probation

  • What is Parole?Parole boards/Statutory Decrees

  • Extent of Parole

  • Intermediate Sanctions: Alternative Sentencing


Probation and parole1

Probation and Parole

  • Intermediate Sanctions: Alternative SentencingIntensive SupervisionHouse Arrest with Electronic MonitoringShock Incarceration—Boot camps

  • The Future of Probation and Parole


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