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Farm Safety. “They <farmers> also face health and safety dangers, from exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.” - National Safety Council. Farm Buildings.

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“They <farmers> also face health and safety dangers, from exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”- National Safety Council


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Farm Buildings exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”

  • Lock buildings containing hazardous materials

  • Working surfaces

    • Dry

    • Free of clutter

    • Roughened

    • Grooved


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Farm Buildings exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”

  • Good lighting

  • Handrails

  • Well ventilated

  • Clean


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Secure Hazardous Areas! exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”

Manure pits

  • Can emit deadly gasses

  • Gasses are trapped within manure

  • Release when manure is agitate


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Sealed Silos exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”

  • Fermenting silage releases nitric oxides

    • Can be deadly

    • Cause permanent lung damage

  • Off limits except with self-contained breathing apparatus (SCUBA)!!


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Additional Preventive Measures exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”

  • Close doors to hay lofts

  • Secure grain and feed silos

  • Never enter a grain or feed bin when unloading is in progress


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Equipment and Machinery exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”


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Tractor Safety exposure to chemicals and the operation of machinery to tending livestock. In 1999, the agriculture industry suffered more than 770 deaths and 150,000 disabling injuries.”


Tractors are the leading cause of death on farms around 50 of all deaths on farms involve tractors l.jpg
Tractors are the leading cause of death on farms. Around 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.


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  • Fasten seat belts! 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.

  • Avoid operating near ditches and embankments

  • Slow down for

    • Turns

    • Crossing slopes

    • On slippery surfaces


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Do not allow additional riders! 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.

  • Children should NEVER be permitted on tractors!


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Tractor Safety 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.

  • Stay off steep slopes

  • Hitch only to appropriate hitch points

  • Do not tow loads too heavy for tractor

  • When stopped

    • Engage break securely

    • Use parking lock

  • Turn tractor off before leaving seat


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When traveling on public roads: 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.

  • Turn lights and flashers on

  • Display SMV sign appropriately

  • Keep buckets to front-loaders low to the ground


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Rollover Protective Structure (ROPS) 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.

  • Cab or frame that provides a safe environment

  • Designed to prevent death or minimize injury

  • Are standardized

    • ASAE and OSHA certified

    • Must pass a series of crash tests

    • Are legally required on tractors manufactured since 1985


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Retrofit older tractors 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.with ROPS

  • Depends on model

  • Check with manufacturer

  • Check on cost


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Too many variables 50% of all deaths on farms involve tractors.

Metal strength

Mounting

False sense of security

May be worse than nothing

Will not protect a driver in a rollover

Never attempt a make-shift ROPS!




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Why use a slow moving vehicle (SMV) emblem? ROPS!

  • It’s the law!

  • Warns other traffic that you are a SMV

  • Cautions other drivers to slow down


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SMV Emblem Law ROPS!

  • Clearly displayed rear and center

  • Placed point up

  • Lower edge at least 2 ft and not more than 6 ft above ground

  • Equilateral triangle

  • 14 inches high

  • Fluorescent orange

  • Red reflective border



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Lockout ROPS!

The placement of a lock or a block on an energy-isolating device to prevent the operation of the machine or equipment being serviced.


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Tagout ROPS!

Attachment of a warning tag to a switch, valve or other energy isolating device indicating that the equipment is being serviced and is inoperable until the tagout device is removed.


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What is Lockout/Tagout? ROPS!

  • Defined protocol for appropriate shut down of equipment and machinery

  • Prevents injury from unexpected energy release


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Steps in a ROPS!Lockout/Tagout Procedure

  • Notification that procedure is scheduled

  • Turn off machinery

  • Locate the isolating device

  • Check condition of locks and tags

  • Affix lock and tag

  • Attempt to restart

  • Ready for servicing


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Power Take-off (PTO) Systems: ROPS!Mechanism for transferring power between a tractor and implements


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PTO Injuries ROPS!

  • Responsible for 15 – 20% of all farming injuries

  • Often result in the amputation of fingers, toes or limbs


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Engage Power Gradually ROPS!

  • Start equipment from the cab

  • Make sure no one is near the PTO!

  • Never allow a child to operate a PTO!


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Wear Job-Appropriate Clothing ROPS!

  • Wear snug fitting clothes

    • Loose clothes can become entangled

  • Avoid synthetic materials

    • Don’t tear and pull limbs in more easily


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Shields and Guards ROPS!

  • Keep PTO shielded and guarded

  • Replace shields after maintenance

  • Test driveline guards


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Disengage PTO and turn off tractor before: ROPS!

  • Dismounting

  • Cleaning

  • Repairing

  • Adjusting


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Additional Safety Precautions ROPS!

  • Never step over a rotating shaft!

  • Always walk around the tractor!

  • Use driveline specific to your tractor

  • Prevent drawbar stress


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Animal Handling ROPS!

About one out six farming accidents involves animals

Animals are the second leading cause of injury on farms


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Animal Dangers ROPS!

  • Bites

  • Kicks

  • Pinning workers between fixed objects (buildings, machinery)


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When handling animals: ROPS!

  • Be calm and deliberate

  • Speak gently

    • Animals have sensitive hearing

    • Reduced depth perception

    • Cannot see something right behind them


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Animals respond to routine ROPS!

  • Avoid extremes

    • Temperature

    • Humidity

    • Lighting

  • Be cautious when deviating from routine!


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Approaching Animals ROPS!

  • Announce your approach

  • Touch an animal’s front or side

  • Avoid common kicking region


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Use caution approaching animals that are: ROPS!

  • Frightened

  • Hurt

  • Sick

  • Protecting their young


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Leave yourself an “out” ROPS!

  • Avoid small, enclosed areas

  • Use adequate restraining and handling facilities

  • Work outside chutes




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Respiratory Hazards ROPS!

  • Particulate contaminants

    • Dusts from silage, grains, feed

  • Vapors and gases

    • Pesticides

  • Oxygen deficient atmospheres

    • Sealed silos

    • Manure pits


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Particulate Filters ROPS!

  • Filter out substances harmful to lungs

    • Dusts from grains

    • Silage

    • Feed


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Chemical Cartridges ROPS!

  • Filters gases and vapors

  • Are task specific

  • Using the wrong cartridge could be deadly!



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How can I protect my eyes while farming? ROPS!

  • Goggles

  • Safety glasses with shields

  • Splash goggles

  • Face shields


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Sunglasses ROPS!

  • UV absorbent

  • Sturdy frames

  • Impact resistant lenses


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Clothing ROPS!

  • Never wear baggy clothing

  • Wear rubber gloves when

    • Applying pesticides

    • Assisting animal’s birth

    • Treating sick animals

  • Safety shoes/boots should have metal toe cap and be skid-resistant



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What are zoonoses? ROPS!

Diseases that are transmitted

from animals to humans


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Zoonose facts ROPS!

  • 120 known zoonoses

  • Risk of contamination depends on the disease and situation

  • Animals may appear to be healthy but may be infectious

  • Almost all animals can be potential carriers


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How are diseases transmitted? ROPS!

  • Every day contact with animals

  • Transporting carcasses

  • By-products (feces/urine)

  • Scratches or bites

  • From milk and milking

  • Contaminated soils

  • Contaminated meats


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Prevention ROPS!

  • Prevent food contamination

    • Cook red meat to 160 degrees

    • Cook poultry to 180 degrees

    • Don’t allow juices to drip on other food

    • Wash hands before and after handling food


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Prevention ROPS!

  • Avoid contact with diseased animals

    • Dispose of carcasses properly

    • Vaccinate pets

    • Wash hands after handling animals


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Prevention ROPS!

  • Prevent tick bites

    • Wear repellent

    • Wear appropriate clothing

  • Treat animal scratches seriously!


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