the battle of kursk
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The battle of kursk

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 49

The battle of kursk - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 1008 Views
  • Uploaded on

The battle of kursk. THE SOVIET RECONQUEST OF WESTERN RUSSIA JULY, 1943. KEY INDIVIDUALS. ERICH Von MANSTEIN GEORGI ZHUKOV KONSTANTIN ROKASSOVSKY NIKOLAI VATUTIN. STRATEGIC SITUATION, RUSSIA - JULY, 1943. STALINGRAD DEFEAT (FEB. ‘43) FORCES WITHDRAWAL OF GERMAN ARMY WESTWARD

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The battle of kursk' - melosa


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the battle of kursk

The battle of kursk

THE SOVIET RECONQUEST OF WESTERN RUSSIA

JULY, 1943

key individuals
KEY INDIVIDUALS
  • ERICH Von MANSTEIN
  • GEORGI ZHUKOV
  • KONSTANTIN ROKASSOVSKY
  • NIKOLAI VATUTIN
strategic situation russia july 1943
STRATEGIC SITUATION, RUSSIA - JULY, 1943
  • STALINGRAD DEFEAT (FEB. ‘43)
    • FORCES WITHDRAWAL OF GERMAN ARMY WESTWARD
    • REMOVES THREAT TO CASPIAN OILFIELDS
  • PROBLEM?
    • GERMAN ARMY IS STILL POWERFUL
  • GERMANS INTEND TO CREATE NORTH-SOUTH DEFENSIVE LINE; PURPOSE?
    • BLEED RUSSIANS WHITE
    • ALLOW GERMAN ARMY TO REGROUP FOR 1944 OFFENSIVE
    • MOST GERMAN MILITARY LEADERS AGREE
kursk origins
KURSK: ORIGINS
  • ERICH Von MANSTEIN ARGUES FOR SUMMER OFFENSIVE
  • MANSTEIN’S PLANS, HOWEVER, CALL FOR ATTACK FURTHER SOUTH
  • GERMAN HIGH COMMAND DECIDES ON ATTACK AGAINST KURSK“SALIENT”
  • WHY THERE?
    • SUCCESS WOULD SHORTEN GERMAN LINES
    • KURSK WAS A VITAL RAILWAY CITY
    • CUTTING OFF THE SALIENT WOULD TRAP 1/5 OF RED ARMY’S MANPOWER
  • ATTACK MUST BE IN SPRING/SUMMER – WHY?
    • MASSIVE BLITZKRIEG TACTICS WILL BE NECESSARY
    • VISIBILITY / MOBILITY ARE CRITICAL
soviet situation
SOVIET SITUATION
  • SOVIET INTELLIGENCE IS ALREADY AWARE OF POSSIBLE GERMAN OFFENSIVE
    • HOW? W. EURO. SPY RING
    • SOVIET HIGH COMMAND HAD PREDICTED AN ATTACK AT KURSK
  • ZHUKOV ADVISES STALIN TO ALLOW GERMANS TO ATTACK FIRST
  • WHY?
    • IT WILL EXHAUST GERMAN FORCES
    • IT WILL THEN ALLOW RUSSIAN COUNTERATTACK
  • RESULT?
    • SOVIET PLAN CALLS FOR DEFENSIVE STRATEGY FOLLOWED BY COUNTERATTACK
    • MASSIVE DEFENSE-IN-DEPTH NETWORK IS CREATED
  • EXAMPLE?
    • 1 MILLION LAND MINES
    • TRENCHWORKS TO A DEPTH OF 95 MILES
    • 3600 TANKS
    • 20,000 ARTILLERY PIECES
    • 1 MILLION + TROOPS
    • 2700 AIRCRAFT
order of battle
ORDER OF BATTLE
  • GERMANS:
    • 800,000 MEN (approx.)
    • 3,000 TANKS (approx.)
    • 10,000 ARTILLERY PIECES (approx.)
    • 2,000 AIRCRAFT
  • SOVIETS:
    • 1,000,000 (approx.)
    • 5,000 TANKS (approx.)
    • 25,000 ARTILLERY PIECES (approx.)
    • 2,800 AIRCRAFT (approx.)
  • GERMAN BATTLE PLAN:
    • ATTACK RUSSIANS ON NORTH & SOUTH FLANKS FOR SALIENT
    • USE ARMORED THRUSTS TO CUT OFF SALIENT
    • TRAP RUSSIANS INSIDE SALIENT (total of 60 Divisions)
the battle operation citadel
THE BATTLE – “OPERATION CITADEL”
  • GERMAN ASSAULT BEGINS ON JULY 5TH
  • SIMULTANEOUS ASSAULTS ON NORTH AND SOUTH FLANKS OF THE SALIENT
  • SOVIETS ARE PREPARED FOR ATTACK
    • RED ARMY HAS PLACED MORE ARTILLERY UNITS THAN INFANTRY UNITS IN NSALIENT
    • ZHUKOV HAS MASSED LARGE ARMOURED RESERVES EAST OF SALIENT
    • DEFENSE-IN-DEPTH LINES ARE WELL DEFENDED
  • INITIAL GERMAN ATTACK ENJOYS SUCCESS
    • Ex. –SOUTHERN ATTACK PENETRATES UP TO 12 MILES
  • PROBLEM:
    • SOVIET DEFENSES ARE EFFECTIVE
    • RED ARMY HAS TOO MANY RESERVES
    • GERMANS CANNOT REPLACE HEAVY CASUALTIES
the battle
THE BATTLE
  • JULY 10: GERMAN ATTACK IN NORTH HAS STALLED
  • JULY 12: SOUTHERN FLANK
    • PROKOROVKHA: MASSIVE 8-HOUR TANK BATTLE
    • GERMANS TANKS SUPERIOR, BUT OUTNUMBERED
    • SOVIET DEFENSES PREVENT GERMAN INFANTRY FROM SUPPORTING TANKS
    • GERMAN TANKS FACE SOVIET TANKS & ARTILLERY ALONE
  • JULY 16: SOUTHERN ATTACK STOPS
  • GERMANS ARE FORCED BACK TO STARTING POSITIONS
  • BATTLE OF KURSK IS EFFECTIVELY OVER
aftermath
AFTERMATH
  • KURSK IS LAST MAJOR GERMAN OFFENSIVE ON THE EASTERN FRONT
  • GERMANS CANNOT REPLACE LOSSES
  • CASUALTIES:
    • SOVIETS:
      • 177,000 KIA (approx.)
      • 1600 TANKS DESTROYED
    • GERMANS:
      • 55,000 KIA (approx.)
      • 325 TANKS DESTROYED
  • AFTER KURSK:
    • GERMAN ARMY IS IN SLOW RETREAT TO GERMANY
    • RUSSIAN ARMY BEGINS OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS THAT CONTINUE FOR REMAINDER OF WAR
ad