The battle of kursk
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 49

The battle of kursk PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 778 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The battle of kursk. THE SOVIET RECONQUEST OF WESTERN RUSSIA JULY, 1943. KEY INDIVIDUALS. ERICH Von MANSTEIN GEORGI ZHUKOV KONSTANTIN ROKASSOVSKY NIKOLAI VATUTIN. STRATEGIC SITUATION, RUSSIA - JULY, 1943. STALINGRAD DEFEAT (FEB. ‘43) FORCES WITHDRAWAL OF GERMAN ARMY WESTWARD

Download Presentation

The battle of kursk

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The battle of kursk

THE SOVIET RECONQUEST OF WESTERN RUSSIA

JULY, 1943


KEY INDIVIDUALS

  • ERICH Von MANSTEIN

  • GEORGI ZHUKOV

  • KONSTANTIN ROKASSOVSKY

  • NIKOLAI VATUTIN


STRATEGIC SITUATION, RUSSIA - JULY, 1943

  • STALINGRAD DEFEAT (FEB. ‘43)

    • FORCES WITHDRAWAL OF GERMAN ARMY WESTWARD

    • REMOVES THREAT TO CASPIAN OILFIELDS

  • PROBLEM?

    • GERMAN ARMY IS STILL POWERFUL

  • GERMANS INTEND TO CREATE NORTH-SOUTH DEFENSIVE LINE; PURPOSE?

    • BLEED RUSSIANS WHITE

    • ALLOW GERMAN ARMY TO REGROUP FOR 1944 OFFENSIVE

    • MOST GERMAN MILITARY LEADERS AGREE


KURSK: ORIGINS

  • ERICH Von MANSTEIN ARGUES FOR SUMMER OFFENSIVE

  • MANSTEIN’S PLANS, HOWEVER, CALL FOR ATTACK FURTHER SOUTH

  • GERMAN HIGH COMMAND DECIDES ON ATTACK AGAINST KURSK“SALIENT”

  • WHY THERE?

    • SUCCESS WOULD SHORTEN GERMAN LINES

    • KURSK WAS A VITAL RAILWAY CITY

    • CUTTING OFF THE SALIENT WOULD TRAP 1/5 OF RED ARMY’S MANPOWER

  • ATTACK MUST BE IN SPRING/SUMMER – WHY?

    • MASSIVE BLITZKRIEG TACTICS WILL BE NECESSARY

    • VISIBILITY / MOBILITY ARE CRITICAL


SOVIET SITUATION

  • SOVIET INTELLIGENCE IS ALREADY AWARE OF POSSIBLE GERMAN OFFENSIVE

    • HOW? W. EURO. SPY RING

    • SOVIET HIGH COMMAND HAD PREDICTED AN ATTACK AT KURSK

  • ZHUKOV ADVISES STALIN TO ALLOW GERMANS TO ATTACK FIRST

  • WHY?

    • IT WILL EXHAUST GERMAN FORCES

    • IT WILL THEN ALLOW RUSSIAN COUNTERATTACK

  • RESULT?

    • SOVIET PLAN CALLS FOR DEFENSIVE STRATEGY FOLLOWED BY COUNTERATTACK

    • MASSIVE DEFENSE-IN-DEPTH NETWORK IS CREATED

  • EXAMPLE?

    • 1 MILLION LAND MINES

    • TRENCHWORKS TO A DEPTH OF 95 MILES

    • 3600 TANKS

    • 20,000 ARTILLERY PIECES

    • 1 MILLION + TROOPS

    • 2700 AIRCRAFT


SOVIET DEFENSE IN DEPTH,KURSK, 1943


ORDER OF BATTLE

  • GERMANS:

    • 800,000 MEN (approx.)

    • 3,000 TANKS (approx.)

    • 10,000 ARTILLERY PIECES (approx.)

    • 2,000 AIRCRAFT

  • SOVIETS:

    • 1,000,000 (approx.)

    • 5,000 TANKS (approx.)

    • 25,000 ARTILLERY PIECES (approx.)

    • 2,800 AIRCRAFT (approx.)

  • GERMAN BATTLE PLAN:

    • ATTACK RUSSIANS ON NORTH & SOUTH FLANKS FOR SALIENT

    • USE ARMORED THRUSTS TO CUT OFF SALIENT

    • TRAP RUSSIANS INSIDE SALIENT (total of 60 Divisions)


OPERATION CITADEL,UNIT DISPERSAL, JULY 1943


FIELD MARSHALL ERICH Von MANSTEIN,COMMANDING OFFICER,ARMY GROUP DON, ARMY GROUP SOUTH


Von Mansteinstudying battle maps prior to Battle of Kursk


ERICH Von MANSTEIN,RUSSIA, 1943


MARSHALL GEORGI ZHUKOV, DEPUTY COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, SOVIET HIGH COMMAND


GEN. NIKOLAI VATUTIN, COMMANDING OFFICER, 1st UKRANIAN FRONT


GEN. KONSTANTIN ROKASSOVSKY, COMMANDING OFFICER,CENTRAL FRONT ARMY


THE KURSK SALIENT, JULY 5-12, 1943


BASIC BLITZKRIEG PRINCIPLES


GERMAN “TIGER” TANK


GERMAN “PANTHER” TANK


WAFFEN-SS TIGER TANK UNIT MOVING INTO ASSAULT POSITIONS, KURSK, JULY 5, 1943


WAFFEN-SS PANZERGRENADIERS PREPARE FOR KURSK ASSAULT, JULY 5, 1943


WAFFEN-SS MOVE TOWARDS ATTACK POSITIONS


WAFFEN-SS TIGERS & APC MOVE INTO KURSK ASSAULT POSITIONS


GERMAN TIGERS ADVANCE TOWARDS SOVIET POSITIONS, 5:00am, JULY 5, 1943


THE BATTLE – “OPERATION CITADEL”

  • GERMAN ASSAULT BEGINS ON JULY 5TH

  • SIMULTANEOUS ASSAULTS ON NORTH AND SOUTH FLANKS OF THE SALIENT

  • SOVIETS ARE PREPARED FOR ATTACK

    • RED ARMY HAS PLACED MORE ARTILLERY UNITS THAN INFANTRY UNITS IN NSALIENT

    • ZHUKOV HAS MASSED LARGE ARMOURED RESERVES EAST OF SALIENT

    • DEFENSE-IN-DEPTH LINES ARE WELL DEFENDED

  • INITIAL GERMAN ATTACK ENJOYS SUCCESS

    • Ex. –SOUTHERN ATTACK PENETRATES UP TO 12 MILES

  • PROBLEM:

    • SOVIET DEFENSES ARE EFFECTIVE

    • RED ARMY HAS TOO MANY RESERVES

    • GERMANS CANNOT REPLACE HEAVY CASUALTIES


TIGER TANK WEAKNESSES


ARMOURED CLASH - KURSK


STUKA “TANK KILLERS” IN ACTION - KURSK


DESTROYED GERMAN ARMOUR - KURSK


THE BATTLE

  • JULY 10: GERMAN ATTACK IN NORTH HAS STALLED

  • JULY 12: SOUTHERN FLANK

    • PROKOROVKHA: MASSIVE 8-HOUR TANK BATTLE

    • GERMANS TANKS SUPERIOR, BUT OUTNUMBERED

    • SOVIET DEFENSES PREVENT GERMAN INFANTRY FROM SUPPORTING TANKS

    • GERMAN TANKS FACE SOVIET TANKS & ARTILLERY ALONE

  • JULY 16: SOUTHERN ATTACK STOPS

  • GERMANS ARE FORCED BACK TO STARTING POSITIONS

  • BATTLE OF KURSK IS EFFECTIVELY OVER


AFTERMATH

  • KURSK IS LAST MAJOR GERMAN OFFENSIVE ON THE EASTERN FRONT

  • GERMANS CANNOT REPLACE LOSSES

  • CASUALTIES:

    • SOVIETS:

      • 177,000 KIA (approx.)

      • 1600 TANKS DESTROYED

    • GERMANS:

      • 55,000 KIA (approx.)

      • 325 TANKS DESTROYED

  • AFTER KURSK:

    • GERMAN ARMY IS IN SLOW RETREAT TO GERMANY

    • RUSSIAN ARMY BEGINS OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS THAT CONTINUE FOR REMAINDER OF WAR


WAFFEN-SS TANK CREW AFTER BATTLE OF KURSK


SOVIET VICTORY POSTER, BATTLE OF KURSK


THE SOVIET RECONQUEST OF WESTERN RUSSIA, 1943-44


VICTORY MONUMENT, PROKOROVKHA, KURSK, RUSSIA


  • Login