2008 york county community health needs assessment summary of results
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2008 York County Community Health Needs Assessment Summary of Results PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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2008 York County Community Health Needs Assessment Summary of Results. Presented By: Lisa Lehman, Holleran Dr. David Polk, York College April 3, 2009. Methodology. A total of 625 York County adults were interviewed by telephone to assess their health practices and health status.

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2008 York County Community Health Needs Assessment Summary of Results

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2008 York County Community Health Needs Assessment

Summary of Results

Presented By:Lisa Lehman, Holleran

Dr. David Polk, York CollegeApril 3, 2009


Methodology

  • A total of 625 York County adults were interviewed by telephone to assess their health practices and health status.

  • There was a 25% over-sampling in York City to allow for results to be tabulated for the city alone.

  • Interviews were conducted between April 7 and May 9, 2008 with additional interviews in York City conducted in November of 2008. Each interview lasted approximately 12-15 minutes.


Key Areas Examined

  • General Health Status (Mental Health, Physical Health)

  • Access to Care

  • Chronic Disease (Diabetes, Cardiovascular Health, Cancer)

  • Risky Behavior (Substance Abuse, Communicable Disease)

  • Oral Health

  • Immunizations

  • Children’s Health

  • Women’s Health

  • Teen Risky Behaviors

  • Crime, Violence, and Race Relations

  • Environmental Health


General Health Status of York County Residents


Would you say in general that your health is…?


Community Health Status Indicators(www.community health.hhs.gov)Compared to Peer Counties

6


Would you say in general that your health is…?

% Fair or Poor (Median 17.1%; Peers 8.2%-14.4%)

7


Trends – Subjective Health Assessment

8


During the past 30 days, for about how many days did poor physical or mental health keep you from doing your usual activities?

Respondents reporting 1 or more days of poor physical or mental health


Average Number of Unhealthy Days In Past Month

(Median 6.0; Peers 4.8-6.4)

10


Exercise, Weight, & Nutrition


Body Mass Index (BMI)

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Do you now consider yourself to be overweight, underweight, or about average?


During the past month, other than your regular job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercises?


Access to Health Care


Do you have any kind of health care coverage?


About how long has it been since you last visited a doctor for a routine checkup?

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Was there a time in the past 12 months when your doctor prescribed medication to you that you did not access because of cost?


Trends – Access to Care

19


Oral Health


How long has it been since you last visited a dentist or dental clinic for any reason?


How many of your permanent teeth have been removed because of tooth decay or gum disease?

**Scores are significantly different than the Pennsylvania comparison.


Disability


Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems?

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Do you now have any health problem that requires you to use special equipment?


Alcohol Consumption


During the past 30 days, how many days per weekor per month did you have at least one drink of any alcoholic beverage?

Respondents who had an alcoholic drink in the past 30 days

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


On the days when you drank, about how manydrinks did you drink on average?

Respondents who had an alcoholic drink in the past 30 days


How many times during the past 30 days did you have 5 or more drinks on an occasion?

Respondents who have had a drink in the past 30 days

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Trends – Behavioral Risks

30


Seniors & Immunizations


During the past 12 months, have you had a flu shot?

Respondents age 65 and over


During the past 12 months, have you had a flu shot?

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Safety


How often do you use seat belts when you drive or ride in a car?

**Scores are significantly different than the Pennsylvania comparison.

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Trends – Behavioral Risks

36


How safe from crime do you consider your neighborhood to be?


Preventive Screenings


Have you ever had a mammogram?

Females 40 and Over


Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had prostate cancer?

Males 40 and Over


Have you ever used a home blood stool test?

Respondents 50 and Over

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Have you ever had a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy?


Adult Preventive Services Used

43


Trends – Access to Screening and Preventative Services

44


HIV/AIDS


Have you ever been tested for HIV?

Respondents under 65 years

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


Emotional Health


How often do you receive the emotional support you need?

***Scores are significantly different than the National and Pennsylvania comparison.


In general, how satisfied are you with your life?

**Scores are significantly different than the Pennsylvania comparison.


Has a doctor or other healthcare provider ever told you that you had an anxiety disorder?

*Scores are significantly different than the National comparison.


Has a doctor or other healthcare provider ever told you that you have a depressive disorder?

*Scores are significantly different than the National comparison.


Does your family experience any problems with children or teenagers having behavior or emotional problems?


Eye

Care


When was the last time you had your eyes examined byany doctor or eye care provider?

Cost was #1 reason for not having eyes examined

*Scores are significantly different than the National comparison.


Household Issues


In the past 30 days, have you been concerned about having enough food for you or your family?


Does your family experience any problems living in an apartment or house that needs major repairs?


Does your family experience any problems in lacking money to pay for housing?


Does your family experience any problems in lacking money to pay the utility bills?


Public Health


How important is it that your community has a strong system of public health?


York City has an organized approach to address the health of the community


York County has an organized approach to address the health of the community


Another organization or agency serves my community’s public health needs

Mentions: WellSpan, Red Cross, Office of Aging, Fire/Police, VNA, Church, Salvation Army


On a scale of 1-5, how effective do you think public health is in your community?


Birth Statistics


Birth Measures (%s)Compared to Peer Counties

67


Infant Mortality (Rate – Deaths Under Age of 1/1000 Live Births)Compared to Peer Counties

68


Preventable Disease


Risk Factors For Premature Death

70


Death Measures (Rate per 100,000)Compared to Peer Counties

71


Prioritizing Issues & Developing Goals


Sample goal statements:

  • To improve the quality of chronic disease care in South Central Pennsylvania.

  • To create a public health department to serve York County.

  • To increase the number of York County children who are physically active.

  • To promote improved health literacy practices in York County.

  • To reduce the incidence of dental caries among York County children through prevention education and services.

  • To increase access to oral health care for the uninsured and underinsured population of York County.

  • To advocate for policies that increase access to oral health treatment and preventative services.


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