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Topic 3 A very (brief) History of Schooling. By Jessica, Lorna, Michaela and Rikki. History of Australia’s rural schooling. Sunday Schools were the main source of education in the colonial era. Most Aboriginal students were excluded from non-mission schools

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Topic 3 a very brief history of schooling

Topic 3A very (brief) History of Schooling.

By Jessica, Lorna, Michaela and Rikki

History of australia s rural schooling

History of Australia’s rural schooling

Sunday Schools were the main source of education in the colonial era.

Most Aboriginal students were excluded from non-mission schools

-this racism also included other cultures who had migrated (Chinese, Indian etc.)

History of australia s rural schooling1

History of Australia’s rural Schooling…

  • In rural Australia early years Sunday schooling suited children from farming families

    *Children were able to help out on the farm during the week and attend school on the Sunday while the family was at church

  • Due to the dominant occupation of agriculture in rural Australia the enrolments in schools fluctuated with the seasons.

History of australia s rural schooling2

History of Australia’s Rural Schooling…

  • To keep enrolment numbers high students from poor/ working class children had to go to school with wealthier children

  • The wealthier supporters of the schools weren’t happy and wanted education to be preserved ‘as a mark of privilege or distinction’ (Welch, 2013)

  • It was difficult to maintain constant

    teaching staff due to the isolated

    areas (similar to today)

History of australia s rural schooling3

History of Australia’s Rural Schooling

As our technology developed rural schools were able to use pedal powered radios.

This was labelled school of the Air. It enabled families and communities along with educators to communicate with the rural areas of Australia.

The current era of australian schools

The current era of Australian schools

Rural Schools

Urban Schools

Resources are closer at hand

Plenty of schools to choose from

Staff in plentiful supply

The distances traveling to school are smaller.

Due to better resources closer students tend to do better in an urban setting.

  • Greater sense of community involvement

  • Lower participation in school due to costs of travel

  • Literacy rates are low among the Indigenous communities

  • Getting staff is still a big issue with rural schools due to isolation

The current era of australian schools1

The current era of Australian schools

  • There is a real gap between urban and rural schooling and we need to be aware of it and how we can help reduce the gap.

Topic 3 a very brief history of schooling

Focus Question.

There has always been a gap between rural and urban schooling. In a world full of resources and technology, why do you believe that is?

Evolution of educators

Evolution of Educators

  • 1600-1800s

    • Religion MUST be taught

    • At least one teacher to every 50 families

    • No teacher training required

  • 1800s

    • Women were allowed to teach because of the maternal and domestic aspect

    • 1840s teachers were only paid $20-22 A MONTH

  • 1900s

    • 75% of teachers were women

    • Classrooms became more democratic

Prisoners of the past

Prisoners of the Past

  • Teachers were expected too:

    • Fill lamps, trim wicks and clean chimneys

    • Bring a bucket of water and a scuttle of coal each day

    • Make pens for the students

    • Male teachers may take ONE evening a week for courting purposes

    • After 10 hours in school, teachers may spend remaining time reading the bible or other good books.

    • Female teachers who marry or engage in unseemly conduct were dismissed

    • Lay aside a decent sum from each pay for their benefit during declining years so that they will not be a burden on society

Prisoners of the present

Prisoners of the Present

  • Teachers are expected too deal with:

    • Student differences

    • The curriculum

    • Time constraints

    • Technology and its updates

    • Differing assessment strategies

    • Counsel students

    • Keep parents informed

    • Student-teacher ratios

Public vs private

Public Vs Private

Topic 3 a very brief history of schooling

Focus Question

Is there a difference between the type of teacher you want to be, and the type of teacher you think you should be? Why?

Changes in schools rikki

Changes in schools-Rikki

  • Schools are seen as

    -established by the government

    -places were children should attend

    -places to provide children with knowledge, skills and attitudes to equip them to participate in society

Changes i n schools

Changes in schools

Schools in the 1850’s had classic classroom with blackboard, standardised desks, globes, wall charts etc.

Todays classrooms aren't that different aside from whiteboard's and smart boards and with newer technologies such as iPads and computers.

Citizens built at schools

Citizens built at schools

  • Parents viewed school not just a place to learn knowledge but to also reinforce good behaviour , teach good values and to become a good citizen in society.

  • Schools can help students develop a sense of identity and belonging to a community

  • The way in which schools determine the idea of the citizens they wish to produce, is due to the social and cultural aspects of society at the time.

Attendance at schools

Attendance at schools

  • In the country students from agricultural families were often irregular in their attendance due to the families need for them on the farm

  • This is still an issue in todays society that students go to school around their farming commitments

  • A similar issue is arising in urban settings as more students in high school are getting after school jobs, even though the work hours don’t impact the attendance they do affect children’s ability to perform in class.

  • Gender is also an issue impacting attendance, especially in earlier times where male education was more valued than female.

Shaping schools

Shaping schools

  • Governments have put money into schools since early on in school history but not at the same rate they do today

  • But they have always had some say in what is taught to students in the schools that they provided support.

  • That has become more common in todays society.

  • Other interested parties in education are:



    -Catholic education systems

    -independent private schools


Shaping schooling

Shaping Schooling

The economy plays a big role in shaping schools

-In the 19th century most jobs didn’t require higher level of literacy and the required skills could be learnt on the job

-1950’s-60’s the higher education such as tertiary was becoming more valued in regards to employment

-and in the 21st century the division of hi-tech (rich) and low-tech (poor) has caused the government to set education to economic needs.

What does the future hold for us as teachers

What does the future hold for us as teachers?



Topic 3 a very brief history of schooling

Design a conceptual drawing of a school or classroom that reflects your ideal pedagogy - and that you believe would benefit students and teachers to the greatest extent possible (try not to think of classrooms in a historical way).You have a limitless budget. Go nuts!

Message from teachers

Message from Teachers




  • Welch, A. (2013). “The City and the Bush”. Education, Change and Society (third ed.)Melbourne, VIC. pp 55-77.

  • Curtner-Smith, M. (2002). “Methodological Issues in Research.” In Laker, A. (Ed.), The Sociology of Sport and Physical Education: An introductory Reader. Routledge; Oxon, UK. Pp. 36-57.

  • Kalantzis, M and Cope, B. (2012). “Life in Schools”. New Learning: Elements of a Science Education. Cambridge University Press; Port Melbourne, VIC. Pp. 38-79.

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